luni, 28 octombrie 2013

ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 2


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 2 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001

UNIT 2: It takes all sorts

Listening: an alien? Page 18

Exercise 2

The man in the dressing gown with his arms folded is Arthur Dent. The ‘man’ in the striped blazer is Ford Prefect. Arthur is trying to stop his house being demolished and is sitting in front of a bulldozer when his friend Ford Prefect comes to visit him. The man on the bulldozer is a local council officer.


Exercise 3

1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. T
6. F
7. F
8. F
9. T
10. T

Vocabulary: adverbs of manner Page 18

Exercise 1

1. broadly
2. guilty
3. wildly
4. distractedly

Exercise 2

1. sweetly
2. abruptly; suddenly
3. hysterically; manically
4. longingly, intently

Exercise 3

laugh helplessly; uneasily
dress neatly; elegantly
listen attentively; patiently
bitterly; sincerely regret (N.B. word order)
behave irresponsibly, abominably
change drastically; imperceptibly
know intuitively; intimately

Exercise 4

She laughed uneasily when Inspector Millington asked her where she had been on the night the jewels went missing.
Alex always dressed elegantly, even if it was only to go out to buy a paper on Sunday morning.
The children listened attentively as their grandfather began to tell them one of his famous ghost stories.
‘I sincerely regret to inform you that we see no option but to take legal action.’ the letter ended.
Aunt Agnes told Edward that he would not be having any ice cream for dessert, as he had behaved abominably all morning.
She had changed imperceptibly from the bubbly young girl he had known twenty years earlier to the rather silent woman with whom he shared his life.
She knew intuitively that she would not succeed in convincing him, but she tried as hard as she could.

Reading Page 21

Exercise 6

N.B. Where more than one extract is a match, answers can be in any order. Here they are in the same order as the extracts.
1. F line 166
2. C lines 74-75
3. C lines 97-99
4. D lines 115-116
5. F line 164
6. B lines 42-43
7. D lines 121-124
8. E lines 135-139
9. D lines 127-128
10. B line 65
11. C line 85
12. E line 153
13. A line 26
14. E line 162
15. B lines 42-43
16. A lines 26-31
17. F lines 176-179
18. E lines 140-144
19. D lines 118-120
20. F lines 180-182&198
21. B lines 36-38&56-58
22. A lines 15-16

Vocabulary: words with similar meaning Page 6

Exercise 1

1. to commiserate to express your sympathy for someone who is unhappy about something
2. a premonition a strange and unexplainable feeling that something, especially something unpleasant, is going to happen
3. to inflame to make someone’s feeling of anger, excitement etc much stronger
4. to terminate if something terminates, or if you terminate it, it ends
5. to sooth to make someone feel calmer and less anxious, upset or angry
6. an assembly a group of people who have gathered together for a particular purpose
7. to sanction to officially accept or allow something
8. a password a secret word or phrase that someone has to speak before they are allowed to enter a place such as a military camp

Exercise 2

1.       to celebrate to show that an event or occasion is important by doing something special or enjoyable: It’s Dad’s birthday and we’re going out for a meal to celebrate.
to commemorate to do something to show that you remember and respect someone important or an important event in the past: a parade to commemorate the town’s bicentenary
to honour to treat someone with special respect: our honoured guests this evening
2.      a spirit an inner part of someone that includes their thoughts and feelings, and is thought of as making them what they are: His spirit was untamable.
a phantom a frightening and unclear image, especially of a dead person: The phantom haunted loomed suddenly out of the mist.
a ghost the spirit of a dead person that some people think they can feel or see in a place: The ghosts of past landlords are said to haunt this pub.
3. to douse to put out a fire by pouring water on it: It took hundreds of liters of water to douse the flames.
to extinguish formal to make a fire or light stop burning or shining: Please extinguish all cigarettes.
to smother to make a fire stop burning by preventing air from reaching it: Kitchen fires are often best smothered with a damp cloth.
4.  to originate to have the idea for something and start it: Who originated the present complaints procedures?
to initiate formal to arrange for something important to start, such as an official process or a new plan: The plaintiffs initiated court proceedings in order to recover their debts.
to conceive to think of a new idea, plan etc and develop it in your mind: Scientists first conceived the idea of the atomic bomb in the 1930s.
5.  to startle to make someone suddenly surprised or slightly shocked: You startled me! I didn’t hear you com in.
to alarm to make people very worried about a possible danger: Her high temperature alarmed the doctors.
to frighten to make someone feel afraid: Don’t stand so near the edge, you’re frightening me!
6.  a rebellion active opposition to someone in authority: a rebellion by right-wing members of the party
an insurrection: an attempt by a large group of people within a country to take control using force and violence: an armed insurrection against the party in power.
a mutiny a situation in which people, especially sailors or soldiers, refuse to obey the person who is in charge of them, and try to take control for themselves: There was already talk of mutiny among the crew.
7. to ban to say that something must not be done, seen, used etc. Smoking is banned in the building.
to outlaw to completely stop something by making it illegal or socially unacceptable. Certain countries have outlawed the sale of alcohol.
to prohibit to officially stop an activity by making it illegal or against the rules: Smoking is strictly prohibited inside the factory.
7.   a symbol a picture or shape that has a particular meaning or represents an idea: The dove is a symbol of peace.
a sign a picture, shape etc that has a particular meaning: For some reason the computer can’t display the dollar sign.
a logo a small design that is the official sign of a company or organization

Exercise 3

1. prohibited
2. conceived
3. smothered
4. mutiny
5. symbol
6. ghost
7. startled
8. honoured

Speaking: Page 22

Exercise 2

Possible key vocabulary
Possible useful expressions
coloured lights
dancing wildly
absolutely packed
dance the night away
blowing out candles
surrounded by her friends
three cheers
singing ‘Happy Birthday’
On the one hand
In both paragraphs
One important difference the photographs is …
The two photographs are similar in that they both show…


Grammar plus: noun phrases Page 23

Exercise 1

2. c
3. g
4. j
5. a
6. h
7. d
8. e
9. f
10. i

Exercise 2

1. That’s Simon’s brother. (nor my, Tom’s, Sandra’s, etc. brother); That’s Simon’s brother (nor his cousin, uncle, son, etc.)
2. Do you have a book about indoor plants? (rather than a tape or a CD-rom); Do you have a book about indoor plants? (rather than a book about gardens, etc.)
3. I’d like to buy my girlfriend a gold ring (rather than a silver, platinum, etc ring); I’d like to buy my girlfriend a gold ring (rather than a necklace, bracelet, pair of earrings, etc.)
4. I love goat’s cheese. (but I don’t like other cheeses); I love goat’s cheese. (but I don’t like goat’s milk);

Exercise 3

1. Susan’s hair needs cutting.
2. √
3. There is an excellent shoe shop in the high street.
4. √
5. We need an 18-year-old girl to play this part.
6. Tom was involved in a minor car accident at the weekend.
7. √

Exercise 4

1. There was a three-hour delay at the airport in Rome for/due to technical reasons.
2. He has a 100-year-old Williamson oil painting/ oil painting by Williamson in his study.
3. She has been a maths teacher at a local secondary school for 25 years.
4. We did a 20-mile walk for a children’s charity at the weekend.
5. They had a three-course meal with a bottle of wine for under 35 pounds.
6. A 13-year-old girl was awarded a gold medal for bravery by the mayor.

Watch out!

1.     wine glass = a glass of the size and type normally used for drinking wine
2.   a glass of wine = a glass with wine in it

English in Use Page 24

Exercise 1

Things that are thrown at weddings, protecting the bride/ couple from evil.

Exercise 4

1 D    2 I    3 B    4 G    5 A    6 E

Listenin: away from home Page 24

Exercise 2

SUGGESTED UNDERLINING
1.     … he had the chance of a job back in the UK, in London. So we agreed that we’d go there…
2.   … it was much harder to make friends than I’d imagined it would be. There was also something about the English which I found quite hard… I often felt I didn’t know if people really meant what they were saying to me.

Exercise 3

1. B untrue: ‘had always been her dream’ too strong and too long term for ‘I was really excited about it’
   C not referred to.
2. A partially but not completely true: ‘work was only ‘part of the problem’.
   B not referred to.

Exercise 4

3. C
4. B
5. C
6. B
7. C
8. A
9. B
10. B

Grammar check Page 26

Exercise 1

1. First sentence expresses certainty; second sentence expresses possibility.
2. First sentence expresses strong obligation; second sentence weak obligation and recommendation.
3. First sentence expresses present ability; second sentence expresses past ability.
4. First sentence expresses permission; second sentence expresses weak obligation and recommendation.
5. First sentence expresses complete certainty; second sentence weak probability.
6. First sentence expresses lack of strong obligation; second sentence expresses prohibition.
7. First sentence expresses inability; second sentence expresses prohibition.
8. First sentence expresses strong obligation; second sentence expresses possibility.

Exercise 2

1.     … everyone has lost confidence in her
2.   … it’s a holiday.
3.   … we have to be up very early tomorrow morning.
4.   … they’re in tiny print.
5.    … I can just make out some claws.
6.   … it’s only a month before the exams start.

Exercise 3

2. I could play the clarinet badly, the piano a little better and the recorder quite well.
3. Can I smoke in here?
4. He might be in the library or he could have gone to the coffee bar.
5. You don’t have to. I’ve got my bike with me.
6. That must be Sam. He said he’d ring about now.
7. You may go home early this afternoon.
8. We have to bring our calculators for the maths exam.

Exercise 1

POSSIBLE CONTINUATIONS:

1.
S1: You know, I really want to get fit…
S2: You should join the local gym. It’s great. But, anyway, why this sudden desire to get in shape?
S1: Well, don’t laugh but I want to take part in next year’s marathon.
S2: Really… Are you sure? You have to train gradually over a period of years, you know.
S1: Well, there’s a half-marathon in October, so I thought I’d see how I got on in that and then if I’m fit enough, register for the full city marathon.
S2: It still sounds like you’ve got a lot of heavy training ahead of you.

2.
S1: Did you play any musical instruments when you were a child?
S2: I could play the clarinet badly, the piano a little better and the recorder quite well.
S1: Wow! Can you still play any of them?
S2: I sometimes play the recorder and I might take up the piano again.
S1: Wouldn’t you need to have access to a piano, though?
S2: I suppose so, but I might buy one of those electronic keyboards.

3.
S1: Can I smoke here?
S2: I’d rather you didn’t. My mother says we mustn’t smoke inside the house.
S1: Shall we go outside, then?

4.
S1: Where’s Mark?
S2: He might be in the library or he could have gone to the coffee bar.
S1: He can’t have gone to the coffee bar. It doesn’t open till four.
S2: I guess he must be in the library then.
S1: But the library is closed today.
S2: Well, I don’t know where he could have gone.

5.
S1: Can we drop you off somewhere?
S2: You don’t have to. I’ve got my bike with me.
S1: We could put the bike in the back of the car if you like.
S2: Oh you don’t need to go to all that trouble. It’s not very far.
S1: But it might rain.
S2: I won’t get too wet. I’ve got my rain-proof hat and jacket with me.

6.
S1: That must be Sam. He said he’d ring about now.
S2: You mustn’t tell him what I said about him.
S1: You can trust me. I can keep a secret, you know.

7.     
S1: You may go home early this afternoon.
S2: Do we have to come early tomorrow?
S1: Yes. You should all be here by 8 a.m.

8.
S1: We have to bring our calculators for the maths exam.
S2: Can we bring our maths books too?
S1: Of course not.

Writing: information sheet Page 26

Exercise 1

Giving gifts, talking on the telephone, showing emotions, e.g. anger, how close you stand in relation to other people, parts of the body you shouldn’t touch or use to gesture with, telling jokes, religious celebrations, clothing, paying for food and drink in bars and restaurants.

Exercise 3

1.        (possible titles) ‘How to be the ‘perfect visitor’ OR ‘Etiquette tips for travellers.’
2.      Five or six: an introduction and conclusion plus sections for each of the three or four areas.
3.      Relatively formal and polite as the visitors could be any age and the subject matter is slightly delicate.
4.      Inform, advice and warn. It will be necessary to use a lot of modal verbs to soften what is expressed in the sheet e.g. ‘people might be offended’ rather than ‘people will be offended’. Not too much ‘You should/shouldn’t/must/mustn’t’. Alternate with “you can… You needn’t/don’t have to…’
5.       With a brief explanation of the reason for the custom.

Exam focus: Page 28

1. to
2. so
3. that
4. of
5. √
6. did
7. √
8. themselves
9. they
10. √
11. quite
12. √
13. because
14. √
15. which
16. the

Unit 2 Review Page 17

Exercise 1

1. B
2. A
3. D
4. D
5. A
6. C
7. B
8. A
9. D
10. B
11. C
12. A
13. D
14. A
15. C

Exercise 2

1.     friend’s
2.    horse
3.    bath
4.    mint tea
5.    film about a lost violin
6.    kitchen
7.    train timetable
8.    bird’s nest
9.    lamb’s wool
10.     box of matches
11.     child’s
12.     tax on educational book

Exercise 3

1.     patiently
2.   sincerely
3.   intuitively
4.   drastically
5.    neatly
6.   abominably
7.    helplessly
8.   intimately


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