vineri, 9 august 2013

UPSTREAM UPPER - INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 1


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la  Unit 1: CROSSING BARRIERS  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Bob Obee si Virginia Evans, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 1

LEAD-IN

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 a/ page 7

1. websites
2. peace talks
3. holidaymakers
4. celebrities
5. products and services


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 b/ page 7

The media 4
International trade 5
World politics 2
Tourism 3
The internet 1

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 7

A: I’ve got a problem with pronunciation.
B: If I were you, I’d watch films.
A: That’s a good idea.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 7

The first one means that if people all over the world spoke one language, communication would be easier and so the world would be more peaceful.

The second one means that every single one of the world’s languages is very important, so when a language disappears because nobody speaks it any more, something important is lost.

I agree with the second one, because the first one gives the impression that it would be a good idea if everyone spoke the same language.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 7

A: I think that English will be more widely spoken in the future. More and more young people still want to learn English, and many want to go and study in an English-speaking country.
B: That’s true. In many countries, English is still the key to a successful career. I think that English will continue to be the language of computers and the Internet.

READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 b/ page 8

1. True
2. True
3. True
4. False

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 9

1. F  ‘Yet English is mother tongue for only 5.4% of the world’s population, a further 7% … are proficient’, ‘only around 12% … can communicate well in English’, ‘This figure is nowhere near the total number of people speaking Chinese’
2. H  ‘people would apparently rather buy things online if they can order in their own language’
3. D  ‘companies wanting to reach world makers are beginning to realise that they will have to translate their websites for their various customers’
4. C  ‘creating a multilingual website is not an easy task’, ‘Companies wishing to translate their sites … face both technical and linguistic problems’, ‘unable to use automated translation systems’, ‘this huge challenge’
5. E  ‘Customers … will need to discuss matters in their own language … while prices will need to be in the local currency’, ‘Companies will need to adapt their advertising materials so as not to offend different cultures’, ‘have to change their way of doing business to suit certain customers – in Japan, for example…’
6. G  ‘Such vast changes will not happen overnight’, ‘Companies … need time to translate their sites…’
7. A  ‘local companies … will certainly be at an advantage’, ‘ offer more opportunities to smaller business’

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 9

benefits: advantages
fields: areas
proficient: excellent
accessing: using
local currency: money used in each country
format: arrangement of information
adapt: change slightly
guaranteed: certain
pace: speed
local companies: businesses that operate only in the country where they are based
expanding: growing

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 9

mother tongue
cultural diversity
fast pace
access the Internet
target market
conduct business

My mother tongue is Polish.
Immigrants bring cultural diversity to a country.
The fast pace of the city life is exhausting.
Soon we will be able to access the Internet from our mobile phones.
Teenagers are an important target market for mobile phones.
Many countries conduct business on the Internet.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 9

1. b
2. b
3. a
4. a
5. b
6. b

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 9

Reasons in text:
·       ‘only around 12% of the world’s population can communicate well in English’ (lines 21-22)
·       ‘people would apparently rather buy things online if they can order in their own language’ (lines 31-32)
·       ‘by 2003 only one third of Internet users will be speakers of English’ (lines 33-34)
·       ‘companies wanting to reach world markets are beginning to realise that they will have to translate their websites for their various customers’ (lines 34-37)

Other possible reasons:
·       Avoid domination of one language and culture
·       Young children can get information from the Internet if it’s in their own language

LANGUAGE FOCUS
Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 a/ page 10

·       Letters: write letters; receive letters; send letters; answer letters; address letters
·       Phone call: answer a phone call; receive a phone call (also make a phone call)
·       Fax: send a fax; receive a fax; answer a fax
·       Text message: send a text message; receive a text message; write a text message; answer a text message
·       Note: write a note; send a note; receive a note; answer a note
·       Face to face: communicate face to face; talk face to face
·       Email: write an email; send an email; receive an email; answer an email.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 a/ page 10

1. E
2. B
3. G
4. D
5. C
6. A
7. F


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 a/ page 10

1.     body
2.   first
3.   native
4.   accent
5.    language
6.   tongue
7.    talk
8.   speech


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4 a/ page 11

1. a
2. e
3. b
4. d
5. f
6. c


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 11

1. say
2. tell
3. say
4. speaks
5. telling
6. talk

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 11

1. touch
2. contact
3. touch
4. contact
5. hold
6. contact

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 11

1. from
2. into
3. on
4. to
5. at
6. at
7. with
8. at
9. on
10. to
11. on
12. with
13. on
14. with
15. with

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 11

1.     switched
2.   put
3.   hanging
4.   ran
5.    cut
6.   get
7.    call
8.   hung

LISTENING AND SPEAKING
Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 b/ page 12

1. C
2. A
3. A
4. A
5. B
6. C
7. C
8. B

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 b/ page 12

1.     by half/ since 1999
2.   8 years
3.   1884
4.   call office
5.    wooden
6.   culture
7.    silver
8.   doubled
9.   a thousand/ 1,000
10.                      more than 2,000 pounds

READING
Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 14

1. C   lines 2-5 ‘the Americans with Disabilities Act, which requires that theatres become accessible to deaf people’
2. D   lines 17-20 ‘tickets are also sold to hearing people who are interested in seeing theatre interpreters at work’
3. A   lines 26-30 ‘The workload is immense … we have to learn the whole play in as much time’
4. B   lines 42-50 ‘ ‘placed’, where interpreters … do not move; ‘zoned’ where interpreters … move only during a change of scene or act; ‘shadowed’, where interpreters move freely…’
5. A   lines 59-61 ‘The zoned’ style of interpreting is a happy medium between the ‘placed’ and the ‘shadowed’ styles’
6. B   lines 70-73 ‘placing the interpreters directly within the action … The interpreters are ‘blocked’ into each scene, and literally shadow the actors’
7. A   lines 86-88 ‘producers nowadays think of interpreters for the deaf as a new avenue to creativity’

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 15

audience: people who watch a performance
rehearse: practice and prepare for a performance
placed: fixed in one position
zoned: limited to certain areas
shadowed: following the actors
stage right: right side of a stage for an actor facing the audience
stage left: left side of a stage
floor of the house: the area of the theatre where the seats are
scene: a smaller section of a play
act: a larger section of a play

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 15

1.     a big profit
2.   in the area where the actors perform the play
3.   in his mind sees the actor and the interpreter together as one person

ENGLISH IN USE

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 16

1.     -, a, the, the, -
2.   the, the
3.   a, the, the
4.   -, -, -, -, -
5.    a, -, the, the, the

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 a/ page 16

Singular nouns: every, a/an, each, either, any, neither, another
Plural Nouns: a few, many, any, both, fewer, enough, other, several, all, some
Uncountable nouns: less, any, enough, other, much, little, a little, all, some

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 b/ page 16

2. Neither of the girls seems happy.
3. Fewer students came this time.
4. Several/ Many people called earlier.
5. I’ll need a little time to check my messages.
6. Every room has a phone.
7. Another person asked for you after you left.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 16

2. they’re too heavy/ I’m not strong enough
3. I’m too poor./ I’m not rich enough.
4. She’s too nervous./ She’s not brainy enough.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 16

a piece of advice
a sum of money
a tablespoon of salt
a clap of thunder
a jar of honey
 a drop of rain
a ray of sunshine

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 16

2. offence
3. formation
4. defence
5. allowance
6. inspection
7. resistance
8. preference
9. interpretation
10. information

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 17

1.     … want anyone to answer…
2.   … didn’t remember anything …
3.   … nobody I knew…
4.   … how much it cost
5.    … there was anything else …

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 17

1.     was
2.   can
3.   than
4.   the
5.    in
6.   every
7.    that
8.   in/on
9.   which
10.    for
11.their
12.     with
13.     by
14.     but
15.     any

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 17

1.     the
2.   being
3.   an
4.   one
5.   
6.  
7.    as
8.  
9.   past
10.    that
11.
12.     him
13.    
14.     for
15.     -

WRITING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 a/ page 18

Model B is more suitable because
·       The paragraphs are better organized
·       The letter closely follows the instructions in the rubric.
·       The style is perfectly suited to the target reader (informal throughout)

Model A, on the one hand, had a lot of problems, such as:
·       Poorly structured paragraphs (each paragraph in the main body ‘jumps’ from one subject to another).
·       The letter is not always relevant (suggestions are made but the writer wanders off the point).
·       The style is not consistent throughout (e.g. “Hi, … in which…”).

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 b / page 19

5 Corrected mistakes:
I’m good but – I’m well but
I write – I am writing
I like to say – I’d like to say
that it helped a lot – that helped a lot
listen to the English music – listen to English music
spend hours to listen – spend hours listening
if I was you – if I were you
these advices – this advice

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 a/ page 19

it would be a good idea to ..
Another suggestion is to … That way …
The best advice I can give you … is to …

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 b/ page 19

1.     D
2.   C
3.   B
4.   A

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4 a/ page 20

1.     g
2.   e
3.   h
4.   b
5.    d
6.   f
7.    c
8.   a

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5 a/ page 20

Extract A is informal (short forms, simple vocabulary)
Extract B is semi-formal (more polite, neutral style)

1.     really cool
2.   drop me a line
3.   promise me
4.   an excellent opportunity
5.    contact me for further details
6.   hope to see you

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5 b/ page 20

Extract A is to a close friend
Extract B is to a former colleague

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5 c/ page 20

1.     inappropriate –too informal
2.   appropriate – polite and respectful
3.   inappropriate –too informal
4.   appropriate – polite and respectful
5.    inappropriate –too informal
6.   appropriate – polite and respectful
7.    appropriate – polite and respectful
8.   inappropriate –too informal

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 21

1.     a  informal – to a friend
2.   b  semi-formal – to someone you don’t know very well (e.g. a family you are planning to stay with)
3.   c  semi-formal – maybe from a problem page
4.   d informal – perhaps from a friend who lives far away
5.    a  informal – to a friend or a penfriend
6.   d  semi-formal – maybe to a family you recently stayed with

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 21

2. asking for permission: D
Would it be all right if I stayed at your house next Friday night?
3. expressing a complaint: G
I was dissatisfied with the food
4. correcting information: H
I think you might be mistaken about the price.
5. making a suggestion: A
It would be a good idea if you phoned the secretary and asked her.
6. refusing an invitation: C
I’m afraid I won’t be able to come on Thursday night.
7. thanking someone: E
Thank you very much for all your help at the reception.
8. apologizing: B
Please accept my apologies for the damage to your jacket.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 21

Extract A is informal.
Extract B is semi-formal.
Extract C is formal.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 22

A.

Dear Karen,
           Thanks for your letter. I was really sorry to hear you’re so unhappy at the moment and thought I’d drop you a line to cheer you up and pass on some friendly advice.
          First of all, it seems to me that both your problems are closely linked. Because you feel lonely at school you are unhappy at home. Why not join the school sports team? I know you’re fond of sports so that would be an ideal opportunity to make new friends with people your age. And have you ever thought about joining an after-school club? I did that when we first moved to the city and believe me it works!
             Now, as for the situation at home, I really think you should talk to your parents. Just explain how you feel; you’ll be surprised how understanding they’ll be. As the situation is now they can only guess at why you’re so sulky all day and they certainly can’t help! Trust me, it will clear up the tension and they’ll have some useful tips too!
            If you follow my advice, I’m sure you’ll feel much better soon. Anyway, let me know how it goes.
Lots of love,
Cynthia

B.

Dear Lee,
         Thanks for your letter! It was great to hear all your news. Since we last spoke I’ve been really busy too.
          First of all, I finally got my driver’s licence! You can’t imagine how relieved I was after failing four times! I’m now working overtime to save up for my own car. Well, I finally decided to enroll in a language school in my area with lessons on Saturday. I’m really enjoying it but as you can imagine there’s hardly any free time left!
         Fortunately, it’s already May and I’ve got my summer holiday to look forward to. On 1st June I’m flying to Ibiza for a week and I’ll probably hire a jeep there. I know it’s rather short notice, but would you care to join me? It’ll be great fun! After my holiday I’ll be very busy with some conferences I have to organize for work. Then, in December I’ll have my Spanish exam, so I’ll really need to study hard after the summer!
          Well, so much for my news. Don’t forget to let me know if you can join me on Ibiza.
         Lots of love,
James

C.

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Whitman,
          Thank you very much for your letter. Since I left England a lot has happened.
          To begin with, I have been very busy with my studies. Now that I am in the year of university, we seem to have one exam after another. Fortunately, I only have one more month to go and then it will all be over! After the summer I will start looking for a job and hopefully I will soon be working as a psychologist. Furthermore, I am still fond of horse riding and have also been busy with that. Next year I even hope to take part in competitions.
           My month in England with you really seems to have improved my English. According to my Scottish penfriend I now make hardly any mistakes in grammar. I have also found it very helpful with all the books in English I had to read for my studies! Once again I would like to say how grateful I am for your kindness and hospitality.
          Thank you once again for your letter. I am looking forward to hearing from you again. Give my regards to Lucy.
Best wishes,
Jennifer
            



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