sâmbătă, 24 august 2013

UPSTREAM UPPER - INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 9

                                                       

Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la  Unit 9: PLANNET ISSUES  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Bob Obee si Virginia Evans, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 9

LEAD-IN

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 159

a).
overuse of pesticides
climate change
urban development
global warming
genetically modified (GM) foods
toxic waste
solar/ wind power
recycling scheme
 
b).
A: Do you have any idea what genetically modified foods are?
B: I haven’t got a clue!

A: Do you know anything about global warming?
B: I might be wrong, but I think it is the rise in the temperature of the planet.

A: Can you tell me what a recycling scheme is?
B: I’m not sure, but I think it has to do with using paper and glass again.

c).
recycling scheme, solar/ wind power

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 159

A: I believe that the overuse of pesticides is the issue we need to deal with first because they can be very dangerous to our health.
B: Do you think so? What worries me most is toxic waste because it could be dangerous for thousands of years to come. etc

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 159

a).
A. We recycle most of our household waste.  1 X  2 X  3 √
B. Recycling is too expensive and time consuming.  1 √   2 X  3 X
C. Governments should impose laws about recycling.  1 X  2 X  3 √
D. Recycling is the most important way of saving the environment.  1 X  2 X  3 √

b).
·       I strongly agree with Speaker 3. Recycling is quick and cheap and most importantly, it saves energy. To add to that, it reduces a lot of waste safely. The government should impose laws about recycling because it plays the most important role in helping the environment.
·       I agree with Speaker 2. I believe that recycling should be part of our lives, but I do not think that we should go as far as to impose laws.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 159

·       Human beings are responsible for the destruction of the environment. I agree, because it is well known that we cause pollution of the air, land and sea. We cut down forests to build houses and factories and are using up the world’s natural resources.
·       We will suffer from the pollution that we cause. I agree, because we may because ill if we eat foot full of chemicals or if we live in a city with bad air pollution.

READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 160

a).
The title probably refers to the fact that Antarctica has preserved evidence of the natural history of our planet.
Antarctica is a very cold continent. It is covered with ice and enormous icebergs. There are penguins and seals living there. The people in the picture might be explorers, scientists doing some king of research or they could be tourists.

b).
·       scientists: Scientists work in the Antarctic doing research.
·       expeditions: There are expeditions to the Antarctic to explore its secrets.
·       global change: The Antarctic may give us an understanding of global change.
·       fossils: Fossils may be well preserved in Antarctica.
·       climate change: Climate change may affect Antarctica, causing ice to melt.
·       sea level: Ice melting in Antarctica may contribute to changes in sea level.
·       environmental awareness: We may get to know more about our environment from research in Antarctica.
·       fishing: Fishing in the Antarctic should controlled.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 160

a).
The people who live in Antarctica are probably scientists doing research.

b).
A. something illegal in relation to waste
B. reasons why the Antarctic is one of the most controlled regions in the world, in terms of conservation and pollution
C. mention of hobbies in Antarctica
D. what future studies have revealed so far
E. mention of pollution in the Antarctic
F. what other function it (Antarctica) has
G. a group of people of another nationality
H. name of the approach

c).
1.     D
2.   B
3.   H
4.   E
5.    A
6.   F

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 161

a).
500,000 = the age of the ice
1911 = the year the first people reached the South Pole
1960s = the year when people started to realise how important the Antarctic is
27 = the number of countries that have sent scientist to the Antarctic
10,000 = the number of years for which we have information on climate change
4 = the thickness of the ice sheet in kilometers
3.7 = how think the layer of ice covering a lake is in kilometres

b).
·       Antarctic secrets unveiled
·       Environmental Journey to the White Continent

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 161

a).
expedition: scientific journey
preserved: conserved
evolved: developed
sediment: residue, remains
currently: now
regulation: rule
breed: reproduce
commercial fishing: catching fish to sell for profit
warning: caution

b).
all year round (line 8)
come to realise (line 10)
global warming (line 25)
crucial role (line 15)
ozone layer (line 24)
ultimate challenge (line 5)
strictly limited (lines 38-39)
marine pollution (lines 42-43)
major issues (lines 46-47)
sea level (line 47)
drive to extinction (line 30)
severe measures (line 38)
environmental impact (line 40)

1. I like swimming in the summer, but some people go swimming in the sea all year round.
2. Severe measures should be taken to protect the environment.
3. Sunbathing is more dangerous now because the ozone layer is much thinner.
4. Some rare species of animals may be driven to extinction is hunting is not stopped.
5. One cause of marine pollution is factory waste being pumped into the sea.

c).
be one of the causes of: contribute to
considers: takes account of
has all the answer regarding: holds the key to
kind: sort
were ahead of: beat
damage: cause harm to


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 161

a).
·       it has preserved valuable evidence of the natural history of our planet
·       fossils show how life evolved
·       analyzing sediment from different lakes makes it possible to collect information on climate change
·       the ice sheet is a climate and pollution record for the last 500,000 years
·       it provides information about what is happening to the ozone layer
·       species are protected
·       marine pollution is controlled

The Antarctic is a region of great importance due to the fact that it provides us with valuable information on the natural history of our planet. Fossils are a sign of how life on Earth has evolved and sediment from different lakes enables us to learn about climate change. Furthermore, the ice sheet is a climate and pollution record for the last 500,000 years and the Antarctic gives us information about the ozone layer and global warming. The fact that a number of species are protected and marine pollution is controlled adds to the importance of the Antarctic for the protection of our planet.

b).
Today I was assigned the task of researching Antarctic animals. First we set off to an island just two-thirds of a mile away. After reaching the island my fellow scientists started making observations and writing down important information. While they recorded the data I randomly chose a penguin for my crew to test. The penguin was tagged and some measurements were taken. Tracking devices were placed on the penguin’s back. The penguin will be tracked for weeks and perhaps months. After we were finished we boarded the ship and headed out to sea to measure marine pollution.

c).
  • We finally reached our goal, the South Pole, today. We are exhausted and cold but in good spirits. We have achieved what explorers have been trying to do for over a hundred years. We put up the Norwegian flag to mark the spot and felt very proud. Obviously the British team have been delayed so it’s a big day for Norway!
  • The icy wind is testing our endurance to the limits, but despite the difficult conditions, we cannot fail to be amazed by the whole area. The ice sheet must be extremely thick and there are several huge lakes. The main inhabitants of the region are penguins – thousands of them. We also saw more seals today – there are obviously many species breeding here.

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 162

a).
A. nuclear power
B. endangered species
C. deforestation
D. air pollution

b).
Speaker 1: F (plant, toxic, waste, explosion)
Speaker 2: C (weather patterns, temperatures rise)
Speaker 3: A (poisonous chemicals, mix with water, clouds, polluted rain)
Speaker 4: E (coal, oil, energy)
Speaker 5: B (eating, insecticides, pesticides, spray on fruit and vegetables)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 162

a).
1.     aware
2.   packaging
3.   farming
4.   energy forms
5.    ecosystem
6.   bank
7.    protection
8.   reserve, habitat
9.   laws
10.    warnings

b).
A: I think we should all grow our own fruit and vegetables.
B: I think that’s a very good idea. We should all use environmentally friendly products, too.
A: Yes, and I think we should all use bicycles as often as possible.
B: Well, I don’t think that’s very practical. But I do think we should all water our plants and gardens with bath water.
A: That’s a great idea!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 162

A: The second report is about how the ozone layer over Antarctica has become 10% smaller.
B: Yes … perhaps the hole has shrunk because people are using fewer harmful products these days.
A: The third report is about the increase in number of humpback whales in the South Pacific.
B: Yes … perhaps the whales are able to breed because hunters are not allowed to kill them anymore.
A: The fourth report is probably about how the Australian government are taking measures to preserve the Great Barrier Reef.
B: Yes … perhaps the governments have introduced laws to protect the reef, or started conservation programmes to protect it.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4 / page 162

1.     destruction (= the act of destroying sth; devastation = severe destruction)
2.   damage (= unpleasant effects caused by sb/sth; (a) disaster = a bad accident, catastrophe)
3.   consequences (=results; effects = changes)
4.   resources (=valuable materials such as oil, coat, etc; sources = where sth comes from)
5.    famine (=large numbers of people suffering from starvation; starvation = extreme suffering caused by lack of food)
6.   rubbish (= waste, litter; residue = a small amount of sth remaining after the rest of it has gone)
7.    (toxic) waste (= (poisonous) used are not wanted any more; sewage = dirty water)
8.   pollute (=to make water/air/ land dirty/ dangerous; contaminate = to make sth dirty/ harmful)
9.   deposit (=to place sth somewhere; discard = to throw sth away)
10.                decline (= reduction, downturn; lowering = to make sth lower)
11.natural (=related to nature; physical = related to the body, shape/ size of sth)
12.                 scheme (= plan; schedule = timetable)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 163

a).
1.     uses up: consumes
2.   give up: stop using
3.   cutting down: reducing
4.   end up with: have as a result
5.    thrown away: got rid of
6.   wrapped up: covered
7.    look out for: be alert in order to find
8.   end up: finish

b).
1.     I could give up eating GM food.
2.   I could cut down on the use of my car.
3.   I shouldn’t throw away paper bags.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 163

a).
take effect (= to produce intended results)
toxic waste (= poisonous waste products from factories, etc.)
energy crisis = (=the storage of fossil fuels and alternative sources of energy)
short supply (= limited amount)
environmentally friendly (= not harmful to the environment)
genetically engineered (= sth that has been altered by changing the genes)
make a difference (= have a big effect on sth)
face extinction (=almost die out)

b).
1.     toxic waste
2.   take effect
3.   face extinction
4.   short supply
5.    environmentally friendly

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 163

1.     of
2.   in
3.   under
4.   by
5.    of
6.   to
7.    under
8.   from
9.   in
10.                in

1.     We should not dispose of batteries with ordinary rubbish.
2.   Animals that live in the wild enjoy a free and natural life.
3.   The levels of pollution in the area are under control.
4.   The world’s climate is affected by global warming.
5.    There is a lack of information about the long-term effects of GM foods.
6.   Eating genetically modified food may be harmful to your health.
7.    The ecosystem is under threat.
8.   Many people suffer from asthma due to the high levels of smog in big cities and towns.
9.   Some rare species are in danger of extinction.
10.                Many animals are not happy living in captivity.


LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 164

1.     A major tourist attraction, a nice holiday resort
B profit, whale watching benefits
     C importance of whale preservation, protection
2.   A our demands, we are fed up with …
B our earnings, it is difficult to work …
     C the streets are …, we are unable to drive …
3.   A I am fuming, this is disgraceful
B I totally understand, we have to realise …
     C I really don’t know to …/ it is complicated
4.   A leaflet/ newspaper
B mayor, information about …
     C timetable, facilities, sales
5.    A pollution, local residents’ complaints
B overcrowded, lack of green
     C educational needs, build schools
6.   A on … and on …, both days
B only on …, one day
     C on a daily basis, every single day
7.    A my class, the students
B the committee, they take part
     C my children, family
8.   A I really can’t believe that, not sure
B amazing result, enthusiastic
     C I feel let down, it’s a pity





b).
1.     C
2.   A
3.   A
4.   B
5.    A
6.   B
7.    A
8.   B

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 164

a).
I think the Eden project is greenhouses or indoor botanical gardens where rare plants may grow.

b).
I think they take their names from the climatic conditions and the kinds of plants that grow there.

c).
1.     daily basis
2.   universal garden
3.   in one day
4.   huge greenhouse
5.    waterfalls
6.   rainfall
7.    West Africa
8.   dry and dusty
9.   charity
10.                5 percent

d).
The importance of these projects lies in the fact that they are a guarantee for the future protection of our environment.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 164

a).
Student A: In the first picture I can see a woman who is recycling some paper, whereas in the second picture, there are a number of people who are demonstrating against something to do with the environment. I suppose that both of the pictures involve people who wish to help the environment in their own way. I’d say that recycling is a better way of helping the environment since it is directly related to its protection and it has direct results on our lives. Protesting can also bring about change as far as environmental protection is concerned, but I think that if we work individually to recycle and protect the environment, we will have better results.

b).
Student B: I think the most important thing people could do is save energy by always turning of electrical equipment after use, for example. Also, we should be very careful where we throw our rubbish. We should never throw litter on the ground or in the sea.

c).
Student B: In the first picture there is a man who is cutting down a huge tree, whereas in the second picture I can see a farmer using pesticides to spray his field. Both of them contribute to damaging the ecosystem. To begin with, cutting down trees, depending on the number, of course, may result in floods and in the extinction of rare species. The use of pesticides, on the other hand, is very dangerous for our health, and contaminates the land and the water as well. I think that pesticides cause more damage, because chemicals poison the environment.

d).
Student A: People harm the environment in many ways. Our cars and machines contribute to the smog found in most big cities and towns. Our seas are polluted not only by oil from big ships, but also by the fact that we dump our rubbish at sea.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4 / page 164

·       Repeats ideas and language: B
·       Covers all points in the question: A, B
·       Talks about one picture more than the other: B
·       Uses natural hesitation: A, B
·       Uses rich vocabulary: A

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5 / page 164

a).
·       Oh, it’s just horrible!
·       The very thought of it makes me sick.

b).
A: Did you know that most people in big cities use private cars to commute?
B: But that’s so irresponsible! And what’s the point? Public transport is good these days.
A: Mmmm. Does it get you down?
B: Yes, it does.
A: Well, maybe people will see sense, before it’s too late.

A: Did you know that most businesses use paper that is not recycled?
B: Oh, it’s just ridiculous! And what’s the point? It’s very easy to get recycled paper nowadays.
A: Mmmm. Does it worry you?
B: Yes, it does.
A: Well, maybe we can do something, before it is too late.

A: I read somewhere recently that almost all cosmetics companies use animal testing.
B: Oh, it’s so cruel! And what’s the point? Many non-animal tests could be used instead.
A: Mmmm. Does it depress you?
B: Yes, it does. I can’t bear to think about it.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6 / page 164

·       A: I believe we should all join an environmental group.
B:  Why bother?
·       A: You don’t eat organic food, do you?
B: So what?
·       A: I am going to organise a protest about the closure of the zoo.
B: That’ll make it worse.
·       A: The government is not funding the recycling project anymore.
B: What a shame!

READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 166

a).
A: I think that the text must be about a method of preserving seeds from plants. The first picture shows a hand holding a selection of seeds, and the second and third pictures show buildings. These must be places where seeds are preserved.
B: Yes, I think you’re right. The buildings must be science institutes where people do research and the seeds must be kept there in special containers.

b).
         I think that the text is about a process of collecting and storing seeds in order to stop plant species from dying out. They will be used for medical research, to produce more food in developing countries, and for replanting in the natural habitats of endangered animals.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 166

I expect to find the words: extinction, preserve, conserve, technology, plants, botanist, storage, future and dried, frozen and stored. I don’t expect to find the words sea or museum in the text.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 166

a).
1.     C (lines 7-9)
2.   B (lines 18-19)
3.   A (lines 21-25)
4.   D (lines 30-37)
5.    B (lines 45-49)
6.   B (lines 55-60)
7.    A (lines 72-79)

b).
       a science magazine, newspaper

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 167

a).
such precious resources refers to the world’s remaining (270,000) plant species
this aim refers to saving the seeds of over 24,000 species of plant life
these seeds (I.37) refers to seeds from remote places
these seeds (I.48) refers to the ones that cannot be dried and stored in seed banks in the usual way
we refers to scientists at the bank
this way refers to storing them and preserving them for the future

b).
extinct: died out, vanished
advancing: growing
estimate: calculate approximately
under threat: in danger, at risk
housed: kept, stored
preserving: saving, protecting
set up: establish
negotiating: reaching an agreement after discussion
sorted: organised, arranged
regenerate: grow again
conserve: protect
per year: every year
developing world: poor countries with few industries
restore: re-establish
released: set free
extracted: removed
diversity: variety

If measures are not taken, this species is going to be extinct soon.
Technology is advancing at an incredible rate.
She estimates that it will take her a couple of hours to complete the test.
Many animals species are under threat.
The zoo houses a great number of endangered animals.
The scientists are doing their best to preserve the rare plant species.
The shelter was set up to look after stray animals.
Local businesses are negotiating with the council about the plans for the recycling factory.
The lists are sorted in alphabetical order.
Botanists are hoping to be able to regenerate the seeds soon.
If you use energy efficient light bulbs, this will help to conserve energy.
Two thousand requests per year are made for seeds to be used in research.
Famine and unemployment are major problems in the developing world.
The project is hoping to restore the natural habitat for local wildlife.
The owl was released to the wild after its wing had healed.
The chemicals, which are extracted from the flowers, are used in medicine.
There is a great diversity of plant life on our planet.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 167

A: Do you think the Millennium Seed Bank Projects is important?
B: Yes, I do. It preserves seeds that are under threat of extinction and so protects the ecosystem. Also, it contributes a great deal in medical research and in the advancement of the developing world.

A: Do you know of any endangered species in your country? What is being done to protect them?
B: Karetta karetta is a kind of sea turtle, which is a protected species on the island of Zante, Greece. There is a protection centre which helps to facilitate the breeding of the sea-turtle and to make people conscious of the fact that we all are responsible for the destruction of the environment.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 167


·       It prevents the loss of precious resources
·       Scientists collect rare seeds from all over the world and store them
·       Seeds are sorted, separated, cleaned, dried, stored
·       Scientists hope to be able to regenerate seeds in their natural environments
·       Deals with requests from organisations to use the seeds for medical research

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 167


·       Environmental protection
·       Research in medicine
·       Social aspect/ help the developing world
·       Promote visit to the Bank
·       Ask for volunteers


ENGLISH IN USE

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 168

1.     d
2.   b
3.   f
4.   a
5.    c
6.   e

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 168

2. The prime Minister is to deliver a speech on Monday.
3. The city is bound to/ is certain to/ is sure to introduce a new recycling project.
4. The corporation is about to face bankruptcy/ is on the verge of bankruptcy due to the toxic waste scandal.
5. The volunteers are to/are bound to clean up the river within the next six months.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 168

I hope more people will be environmentally aware in the future.
I’m afraid that many endangered animals will be extinct in the future.
I hope that more people will use solar power.
Environmentally speaking, I’m afraid that things will get worse before they get better.
I hope that everyone will stop wearing fur coats.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 168

1.     or else
2.   on condition that
3.   supposing
4.   But for

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 168

1.     There might be cleaner air if we start using solar energy.
2.   If there wasn’t any pollution at all, the world would be a beautiful place.
3.   But for the help, I would never have passed the exam.
4.   If the factory hadn’t dumped waste into the sea, the fish would not have died.
5.    There wouldn’t be so many endangered species if we tried harder to protect them.
6.   If we try to protect the environment, we will be able to make a difference.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 168

2. If I had known about it, I would have joined you.
3. If everyone did the same, they’d be able to save more animals.
4. If I am not too busy, I will definitely come.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 168

1.     c
2.   d
3.   a
4.   b

1.         If the company was more careful, it wouldn’t have contaminated the water.
2.        If she had known about the protest, she would join the protestants.
3.        If you were more environmentally aware, you would have recycled paper and glass.
4.        If the forest fire hadn’t been put out, many rare plants would disappear.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 168

2. I wish/ if only people were more concerned about the forests.
3. I wish/ if only people would stop using chemical sprays.
4. I wish/ if only people would start using bicycles more.
5. I wish/ if only people would put their rubbish in a bin.
6. I wish/ if only governments would make it illegal.
7. I wish/ if only animal protection organisations would make regular visits to the zoos.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 168

sleep – oversleep: wake up later than intended
weight – outweigh: be more important than sth else
populated – overpopulated/ underpopulated: more/ less populated than desirable
put – output (noun): the amount produced
           input (noun): information received
protective – overprotective: more protective than is desirable
react – overreact: react more strongly than is appropriate
time – overtime: extra hours at work
use – overuse/ underuse: use more/ less than desirable
developed – overdeveloped: more/ less developed than desirable
estimate – overestimate/ underestimate: estimate sth to be larger/ smaller than it is
come – overcome: succeed in dealing with (a problem)
               income (noun): money you earn
               outcome (noun): result

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 168

1.     … are bound to appear …
2.   … unless she does …
3.   … spokesman is about to start …
4.   … unless you do something …
5.    … are bound to oppose …
6.   … could not remember anything …
7.    … is likely to be …
8.   … is supposed to be …
9.   … at the age of …
10.                … as long as you are …

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 11/ page 168

1.     has
2.   than
3.   the
4.   variety
5.    up
6.   been
7.    in
8.   its
9.   this
10.    well
11.also
12.     to
13.     such
14.     there
15.     them
16.     it

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 12/ page 168

1.     such (we use ‘such as’ or ‘like’ not: ‘such like’)
2.  
3.   They (we do not need the noun and the pronoun in the same sentence)
4.   of (we use ‘a lot of’ or ‘many’ not ‘many of’ without a pronoun)
5.   
6.  
7.    each (unnecessary determiner)
8.   be (we do not need the verb ‘be’ – ‘need’ is the verb in this sentence)
9.  
10.                the (‘most’ is used as a determiner so the definite article is not needed)
11.you (the passive ‘can be bought’ does not need a pronoun)
12.                
13.                 so (we use ‘so as’ + to-inf but not so + to-inf)
14.                 if (‘even if’ is used as an adverb in this sentence so we do not use ‘if’)
15.                 well (we use ‘so long as’ or ‘as well as’ not ‘so long as well’)


WRITING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 170

a).
Key words to be underlined: school newspaper; review; film; recently seen; related to the environment; brief summary of the plot; why you think it might interest other people

1.     fellow students/ readers of the school newspaper
2.   Items to be included: recommendation; the main points of the plot; type of film/ name of director; main characters/ names of actors/ awards the film has won (if any)
3.   mainly present tenses

b).
1.     d
2.   c
3.   b
4.   a

c).

1.     The writer gives a brief summary of the plot.
2.   Background information: what the story is about ( a true story about one woman’s courageous fight to beat the system); names of director, actors, and characters
3.   It is a positive review. Phrases used to recommend the film: moving and believable performances; the directing is excellent; well worth seeing; It will touch your heart; Don’t miss it!
4.   No, the end of the story is not revealed.
5.    The writer has used: a variety of adjectives (e.g. courageous, sympathetic, emotional, moving, etc.); complex sentences (time clauses, participle clauses and a relative clause); one abbreviation is used at the end (Don’t miss it!)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 170

The film tells the story of a woman’s fight to beat the system.
The film is directed by Steven Soderbergh.
The film is a true story.
The story begins when Eric Brockovich is left with no money and no job after a car accident.
The cast is excellent and give believable performances.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 171

1.     cast
2.   characters
3.   based on
4.   premiere
5.    twist
6.   box office hit
7.    well-written
8.   plays the part
9.   role
10.                tragic

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 171

a).
screenplay
The other nouns also refer to plays or books.

b).
·       dull/ excellent/ moving/ terrible/ superb/ awful/ fantastic/ fascinating/ dreadful/ hilarious/ amusing script/ screenplay
·       dull/ excellent/ terrible/ moving/ superb/ awful/ fantastic/ dreadful acting
·       superb/ fantastic/ dramatic/ spectacular scenery
·       dull/ fantastic/ fascinating/ entertaining/ dramatic plot
·       excellent/ terrible/ moving/ superb/ awful/ fantastic/ fascinating/ touching/ dreadful/ thrilling/ hilarious/ entertaining/ amusing/ tragic/ dramatic story
·       excellent/ terrible/ superb/ awful/ fantastic/ dreadful/ cast
·       moving/ fascinating/ touching/ thrilling/ hilarious/ dramatic end
·       dull/ moving/ fascinating/ touching/ thrilling/ tragic/ hilarious/ dramatic role
·       dull/ moving/ fascinating/ hilarious/ amusing / tragic character
·       dull/ excellent/ terrible/ superb/ awful/ fantastic/ dreadful/ thrilling/ dramatic effects

c).
It is worth watching for the dramatic scenery alone.
The superb sound effects will have you looking over your shoulder.
Thanks to the fantastic special effects, the action is totally believable.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5 / page 272

2 a Tom Cruise starts in this fabulous box-office hit.
3 e The film has an unexpected twist which will shock and amaze the audience.
4 b I am learning a fast-paced novel at the moment.
5 f I prefer this cover version to the original.
6 c She is supposed to be releasing her debut album next month.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 171

a).
Positive: Don’t miss it. – It is well worth seeing. – It will change the way you see… - It’s bound to be a box office hit. – I highly recommend it. – It is a highly entertaining read. – It’s certainly at the top of my list. – Fans will no doubt be thrilled with this. – It’s a must. – I definitely recommend that you add this CD to you collection!
Negative: I wouldn’t recommend it because … - Wait until it comes out on video. – It’s a bore to read. – Don’t bother with this one.

b).
For a film: It is well worth seeing. – It’s bound to be a box office hit. – Wait until it comes out on video.
For a CD: I definitely recommend that you add this CD to you collection!
For all three: Don’t miss it. – It will change the way you see… - I highly recommend it. – It’s at the top of my list. – Fans will no doubt be thrilled with this. – It’s a must. - I wouldn’t recommend it because … – Don’t bother with this one.

c).
Don’t miss Minority Report starring Tom Cruise. It’s well worth seeing.
You should get a copy of Chocolat. It’s a highly entertaining read. Fans will no doubt be thrilled with the new Eminem album. It’s a must!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 171

Order pf paragraphs: D, A, C, B
D gives background information
A is a summary of what the book is about
C makes general comments
B contains the recommendation

The writer recommends the book by saying: ‘I highly recommend Woman in the Mists.’ ‘It is beautifully written and will leave the reader with a better understanding of this truly remarkable woman.’

Alternative recommendation:
I thoroughly recommend Woman in the Mists. It is a very moving story and a highly interesting read.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 173

a).
Key words to be underlined: newspaper you work for; review; CD you like; description of some of the tracks; why you recommend it

I should include information about the CD, some of the tracks and why I recommend it.

The style should be semi-formal because it is for a newspaper.

b).
Model A is clearly the better model. It is divided in paragraphs, it uses a verity of adjectives (simple, effective, energetic, calming, etc.), has varied sentence structure (use of relative clauses, direct address, complex linking devices, etc.) and gives reasons for its recommendation.

Model B, on the other hand, is not divided in paragraphs. It is too informal (uses colloquialisms, short forms, etc.) and relies too heavily on simple adjectives (good, great). It has simple sentences and simple linking devices (and, but). It also fails to give reasons for its recommendation and is written in a very subjective way, without offering much information.

c).
Sting’s latest CD, Brand New Day, is really great. There are ten tracks on it, and even though the main theme is about love, the songs tell a different story.
The title track, Brand New Day, is also the name of the first single. This song is really good and the way it’s put together is really interesting. Desert Rose is the second single for the CD and it’s also great. The beginning of the song is sung in Arabic and then you hear Sting’s voice. I really liked this song! The song After the Rain Has Fallen, is another song that I loved. The End of the Game has a lot of different instruments like drums, keyboards and violins.
Sting is a man who has played almost everywhere in the world. If I were you, I’d go out and buy this CD today!

Alternative conclusion:
Sting is an amazingly talented artist with a worldwide reputation. I thoroughly recommend this CD to all music lovers.

You could read such a review in a magazine or newspaper.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 174

The CD’s title track, A Beautiful Day, is a beautiful song about life and hope. The arrangements are simple and effective. The catchy tune of Elevation, as well as the strong lyrics of Wild Honey, makes these songs very hard to forget.

Fans will no doubt be thrilled with this album. I definitely recommend that you add this CD to you collection!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 174

A.   Key words to be underlined: magazine; reviews; favourite films; main points of the plot; general comments about acting/ directing; recommendation
1.     a film review
2.   the editor and readers of the magazine; semi-formal style
3.   Introduction: name of the film, type of the film, names of characters/ actors/ director. Main body: plot summary, general comments about acting and directing
4.   Beginning: Simone is a marvelous new film by the well-known director, Andrew Niccol.
5.    Recommendation: This film will make you laugh out loud. Don’t miss it!

B.   Key words to be underlined: teacher; review; book you have recently read; school newspaper; brief details of the plot; recommend it or not
1.     a book review
2.   readers of the school newspaper (fellow students); semi-formal style
3.   Introduction: name of the book, type of book, names of characters/ writer. Main body: plot summary, general comments
4.   Beginning: Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a stunning new book by the well-known writer, JK Rowling.
5.    Recommendation: Fans will no doubt be thrilled with this book. For anyone who has never read JK Rowling’s work, I highly recommend it.

C.   Key words to be underlined: Music Vibes Magazine; editor; review; CD that has just come out; brief details about the CD; recommend it or not
1.     a CD review
2.   readers of the magazine; semi-formal style
3.   Introduction: name of CD, type of music, names of performers/ musicians. Main body: details about music/ lyrics/ individual tracks
4.   Beginning: Last month, the Wrecking Crew finally released their long-waited new CD, Bricks and Mortar.
5.    Recommendation: Bricks and Mortar was well worth the two-year wait. I definitely recommend that you add this CD to you collection!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 11/ page 174

A. Simone is a marvelous new film by the well-known director, Andrew Niccol. Al Pacino palys Viktor Taransky, a movie producer who is tired of the demanding actresses he has to work with. Catherine Keener plays his ex-wife, who is also the head of the film studio.
Set in Hollywood, the story begins when the lead actress drops out of Taransky’s latest film. He decides to make a point by replacing her with a computer-generated starlet called Simone. However, Simone is an instant success, and she is offered so much, including a major recording career, that he cannot bear to admit his fraud to the world or to himself.
The film is full of tense moments as reporters try to find out who Simone really is, and there are plenty of hilarious scenes as Taransky tries to convince the world that Simone is a real person. The actors are fantastic and the directing is excellent.
This film will make you laugh out loud. Don’t miss it!

B.              Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a stunning new book by the well-known writer, JK Rowling. It is the fifth book in the highly popular Harry Potter series, and the most exciting and scary story so far.
This fascinating story begins as Harry Potter, student wizard, enters his fifth year at Hogwarts School. Some of the characters from earlier books return, including Professor Lupin and /mad-Eye Moody. We learn several amazing things in this book, including important facts about Harry’s mother and the horrible Dursley family. We also learn why the evil Lord Voldemort killed Harry’s parents.
Like all the other Harry Potter books, this is a gripping read from beginning to end. There are times when you will be holding your breath, not daring to breath, as Harry faces many dangerous situations. Rowling’s use of language is wonderful and the characters she creates are very realistic.
Fans will no doubt be thrilled with this book. For anyone who has never read JK Rowling’s work, I highly recommend it.

C.                   Last month, The Wrecking Crew finally released their long-waited new CD, Bricks and Mortar. There are ten tracks on the CD, ach one with its own unique sound.
The CD’s title track and first single, Four Walls, is an upbeat song about improving your life. The arrangements are simple and effective. The rich sound of On the Roof promises to be the second single from the CD and is full of surprises. The gentle introduction is played on acoustic guitar and is unlike anything you have ever heard before. Build It Up is an energetic song that tells listeners to be optimistic about life. You’ll be humming this catchy tune long after you first hear it!
Open the Door is another great song and features a variety of musical instruments, including drums and electrical guitars.
Bricks and Mortar was well worth the two-year wait. I definitely recommend that you add this CD to you collection!




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