vineri, 9 august 2013

UPSTREAM UPPER - INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 5


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la  Unit 5: MODERN LIVING  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Bob Obee si Virginia Evans, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 5

LEAD-IN

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 83

a).
The pictures show different aspects of modern living such as: beauty treatments, skateboarding, shopping, fast food restaurants, the Internet, phones and credit cards.

b).
fast food restaurants, keeping fit, shopping centres, designer labels, chain stores, beauty treatments, credit cards, text messaging, junk mail


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 83

a).
I would say that text messaging is particularly popular in my country. It is a cheap way of keeping in touch with friends.
I think that soap operas are rather unpopular nowadays. They used to catch the public’s attention but I don’t think they do anymore.
Muzak is more or less unknown in my country. As far as I know, it is functional music with soothing qualities.

b).
A: What do you think of text messaging?
B: I kind of like text messaging. What I like most about it is the fact that you can communicate quickly and cheaply with your friends.
A: How do you feel about celebrity gossip?
B: I just can’t stand it.
A: What is your opinion of designer labels?
B: I don’t really have an opinion on them, I’m afraid.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 83

A.   fast food restaurants
B.   Budget airlines
C.   Graffiti

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 83

1.     You won’t get any respect from anyone if you are not fashionable.
A: I strongly disagree with the first statement. It suggests that you are insignificant if you are not fashionable in your clothes and ideas.
B: that’s right. There is more to life than fashion and people should not judge a person’s worth as a human being based on what they wear or think.

2.   Fashion changes all the time but classical ideas and practices remain.
A: Well, I agree with this statement on the whole because it is established practices and ideas that remain. Some new ideas become established after a while but many do not.
B: That’s very true. I think that is a new idea one year will often be an old fashioned one the next.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 83

In my view, the use of credit cards would be the thing a person from the previous century would find the most difficult to get used to because of the technological development involved. Plastic money, ATMs, shopping through the Internet, or even over the phone, are all things a person from previous century would find hard to get used to.


READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 84


a).
I usually spend a couple of hours every day watching TV. I mostly watch sport. I never watch soap operas.

b).
There are a couple of reality shows that I am familiar with in my country: Fame Academy and Big Brother. I find them both interesting and entertaining. I enjoy the idea of watching a variety of personalities dealing with everyday activities. In this way, you can explore people’s characters and attitudes.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 84
a).
I think reality shows are popular because viewers are involved yet detached at the same time. We can laugh at or sympathise with ordinary people just like us.

b).
A. reality game with celebrities in unusual situations
B. ordinary people live in a house together and are filmed all the time
C. contestants attending a school for/ course in singing, dancing
D. contestants living on a desert island/ in the jungle
E. a competition for singers/ models
F. a competition to become a pop star/ group

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 85

a).
1. disgusting things: revolting actions – I’m a celebrity …
2. two sets of winners: two groups of successful contestants – Popstars
3. unpopular with the others: disliked by others – I’m a celebrity …
4. break the rules: not follow the regulations – Survivor
5. money made directly from the public: viewers pay through/ by … - Popstars
6/7 be watched 24 hours a day: show is screened 24 hours a day – Big Brother/ fame Academy
8. live in style: live in luxury – Fame Academy
9/10 experts comment on individual performances: judges give their opinions about each contestant’s performance – American Idol/ Popstars
11. one of the judges makes sarcastic comments: one expert makes ironic remarks – American Idol
12. style unsuitable for this kind of show – inappropriate style for a show of this kind - Survivor

b).
1.     A (line 12 – eating worms)
2.   F (lines 84-86 – two bands)
3.   A (lines 8-9 – Rhona Cameron falling out with almost all the fellow participants)
4.   D (lines 49-50 – smuggling meat)
5.    F )lines 91-94 – a share of telephone call charges; more money … sale of singles and albums … merchandising)
6.   B (lines 19-20 – screened 24 hours a day)
7.    C (line 40-41 – TV cameras around the clock)
8.   C (line 35 – luxurious residence)
9.   E (lines 65-67 – judge … judges)
10.          F (line 90 – judges working in showbusiness)
11.F (lines 67-69 – Mr Nasty … ironic sense of humour)
12.           D (lines 59-60 – the glossiness detracts from what should be a down-to-earth show)


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 84

a).
tuned in: watching the specific channel
challenge: test
screened: broadcast
chat-rooms: Internet sites where discussions are held with other users
updates: latest news/ information
intense: involved/ exciting
hosts: provides the facilities
features: presents
shown the door: sent home/ asked to leave
smuggling: bring/ take sth somewhere illegally/ secretly
wave: movement
swooping: moving suddenly downwards
down-to-earth: practical, ordinary
nasty: spiteful, mean
spokeswoman: woman chosen to speak on behalf of the organisation/ company
potential: prospective, possible
race: compete, hurry
formula: method, procedure

b).
Nouns: reality TV; tragedy; celebrity; ITV; show; ratings; viewers; series; camera; Channel 4; finale; video; contestants; BBC; talent show; screens; programme; hit; shots; time-lapse photography; US version; role; presenters; public; finalists; spokeswoman; entertainment; drama; live performance; television screens; show business; procedures; merchandising.
Verbs: watching; tuned in; monitored; screened; features; competing; host; produce
Phrases: played out; tabloid headline grabbing shows; score highest ratings; on camera; camera work; flooded our screens; under the watchful eye of TV cameras; huge hit; down-to-earth show; interactive participation.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 85

a).
1. celebrity
2. housemates
3. contestant
4. evident
5. merchandising

b).
huge hit – success, star
old tricks – habits, acquaintance
fellow judges – contestants, students
ironic sense of humour – attitude, smile, twist of fate
final choice – countdown, decision, destination
unsuccessful contestants – attempt, team
global appeal – warming, phenomenon, market
live performance – broadcast, match, entertainment
interactive participation – programme, approach, behaviour


DISCUSSION

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 85

a).
A: The main characteristic of a reality show is that the contestants’ fame is quite often very brief.
B: That’s true. There are so many ordinary people appearing on TV daily that the chance of everyone achieving fame for a short time is possible.

b).
A: Would you ever participate in a reality show?
B: No way! That would be far too embarrassing. Besides, I like keeping myself to myself. What about you?
A: I’d live to! Maybe I would become famous after starring in the show. It would be great to be a rich celebrity and have a luxurious lifestyle.

c).
The show would be called Holiday Island. 10 contestants spend their summer on an island running an apartment complex/ hotel. Every week one contestant has to go (TV audience votes); there is a cash prize and a job as a hotel manager for the winner. The logo could be: HOLIDAY ISLAND

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 86

Picture 1 – trendy, casually dressed, a fashion victim
Picture 2 – scruffy, unconventional
Picture 3 – smart, well-dressed
Picture 4 – casually dressed
Picture 5 – smart, old-fashioned, well-dressed





Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 87

a).

A: I think the girl in picture 1 is quite casual judging by her bright outfit.
B: Well actually I think she is definitely a fashion victim.

A: I think the couple in picture 2 looks really scruffy.
B: I quite agree. They are definitely not conventional.

A: I think the boy in picture 4 is quite casually-dressed.
B: I think that’s true. He looks trendy and carefree, too.

A: I think the girl in picture 5 looks quite smart.
B: I quite agree. She is perhaps a bit old-fashioned.

b).

Students’ own answers.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 87
a).

arts: information about films, plays, concerts, art, dance, profiles of artists and book reviews
society: latest news about the life of celebrities and prominent people
classified ads: advertisements for items for sale and other personal notices
business: news articles related to commerce, trade, industry and the economy
opinion: letters to the editor, comments on recent events
international news: news stories from around the world
obituaries: notices of people’s deaths and accounts of their lives
national news: news from around the country
lifestyle: articles on health, fitness and recipes
sport: sport results, match reports and articles about sportspeople
employment: recruitment section, advertisement for jobs
travel: travel reports, articles on different holiday resorts, holiday advertisements

b).

A.   sports
B.   society


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 87

A: have you heard where Pete is traveling to next week?
B: Where?
A: He’s off to the Far East.
B: You’re joking!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 87

2. shot – shoot
3. sit - set

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 87

1.     the centre of attention – be noticed by many people
2.   hit the headlines – be on the front page of the newspapers
3.   brand names – well-known products
4.   first impression – initial opinion of something
5.    short-lived trends – sth that comes in and out of fashion quickly
6.   in the public eye – the centre of media attention

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 87

1.     take to: like sth straight away
2.   gone off: stopped liking sth or sb.
3.   keep up with: change at the same rate as sth
4.   is in/out: in fashion/ out of fashion
5.    is into it: enjoys/ likes
6.   taken aback: shocked

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 87

1.     to
2.   with
3.   with
4.   for
5.    about
6.   to
7.    in

1.     I am addicted to shopping.
2.   The new shopping centre was crowded with young people.
3.   Play stations are extremely popular with young people.
4.   That actor is famous for his bad temper.
5.    She loves to gossip about other people.
6.   Britney Spears appeals to young girls aged between six and twelve.
7.    I like to know what is in fashion.

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 88
a).

1.     The speaker is a teenager. The subject is her favourite TV programme.
2.   The speakers are two women. The location is on a bus. The subject is where they are going after work.
3.   The speakers are a man and a receptionist. The location is at a health club. The subject is what programme he decides to follow.
4.   The speaker is a famous woman. The situation is a radio interview. The subject is her reason for going to Milan.
5.    The speakers are two girls. The location is a café. The subject is what one of the girls has just bought.
6.   The situation is a TV programme. The subject is attitudes to advertising.
7.    The speaker is a man and his colleague. The location is at in office. The subject is his line of work.
8.   The speakers are two teenagers. The subject is what the boy thinks of the local shopping centre.

b).

1.     C
2.   C
3.   B
4.   B
5.    C
6.   B
7.    A
8.   B


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 88

a).

Students’ own answers.

b).

1.     traditions
2.   Twenty-seven/ 27
3.   detectives
4.   flower arranging
5.    home
6.   reserve a seat
7.    traditional lunch
8.   go out together
9.   unmarried
10.                      respect

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 89

a).

Student A: The first picture shows a news programme, whereas the second picture is a game show. There are newsreaders, a man and a woman, sitting behind a desk in a television studio, looking quite serious, but there is only one game sj\how presenter, and he is smiling enthusiastically. The newsreaders are looking at the papers on the desk, probably putting them in order for the programme, but the game show presenter is holding up a big bundle of money, probably to show the contestants what they could win. One similarity is that all the presenters are formally dressed in suits. I think news programmes are more popular with young people because they watch them to find out what’s going on in the world. In my opinion, game shows are family entertainment programmes, and are probably more popular with older people.

b).

Student B: I prefer to watch the second programme as I love game shows. I enjoy trying to answer the questions before the contestants. I think shows like this are goog for expanding your general knowledge, so watching them is not a complete waste of time.

c).

Student B: The first picture shows a business woman in an office whereas the second woman is sitting on the steps outside a house in the country. The first woman is sitting behind a desk holding a telephone to her ear and looking at a man opposite her. She seems very busy and stressed whereas the woman in the second picture seems very relaxed. The second woman is casually dressed in jeans and a casual top whereas the businesswoman is formally dressed in a suit. Both women are about the same age but they obviously lead very different lives. I think the second woman’s way of life would be more satisfying because it seems slow and relaxed; the businesswoman’s life seems hectic and stressful.


d).

Student A: I think that the first picture is closer to my lifestyle, as I also work in an office. It is usually quite busy and noisy, with people coming in and out and talking loudly, phones ringing and people valuing. It is quite a stressful to work, but there is always something to do, so I am never bored.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 89

·       uses a variety of language to express their opinions/ feelings  B
·       hesitates too much  A
·       uses a range of different linking words  B
·       answers only the first part of the question  A
·       describes the pictures in details rather than compares them   A
·       uses description/ paraphrase to avoid unknown vocabulary   B

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 89

a).

Phrases to be underlined: Would you like to go …; Well, I’m not in the mood for …; Tell you what, we could always go …; That sounds like a good idea to me.
Alternatives: Let’s go …, shall we?; I don’t know./ I don’t feel like …/ Maybe some other time; Why don’t we go …?; That’s a great idea./ That’s fine by me.

b).

A: Would you like to go to a concert on Saturday?
B: No, thanks. I don’t feel like going to a concert.
A: Oh, OK. Tell you something, we could go to the theatre.
A: Sure, why not?

A: Why don’t we go to the new club later on?
B: Well, I’m not sure if I feel up to that.
A: How about going to a café instead?
A: That sounds like a good idea to me.

A: Let’s watch a video, shall we?
B: Well, I’m not in the mood for watching a film.
A: How about playing a board game instead?
A: OK. That’s fine by me.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 89

2 A: Do you like my new dress?
   B:  You look great in it!
3 A: What do you think of my wedding dress?
   B: Wow! You look fantastic!
4 A: What do you think of my new hairdo?
   B: I didn’t recognise you!
5 A: Do you like this picture I painted?
   B: Gosh! That’s really good!

READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 90

a).

1. Snow White – her wicked stepmother says this to her magic mirror
2. Ali Baba and Forty Thieves – they say these magic words to open the entrance to their hideout
3. Little Red Riding Hood – she says this to the wolf when he is pretending to be her grandmother

b).

Both pictures are related to a fairy tale, probably Cinderella. Both pictures show scenes from a theatrical performance of the fairy tale, which may be a pantomime, a funny musical play for children.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 90

A pantomime is a funny musical play for children usually based on a fairy tale and performed at Christmas or New Year.

a.    True
b.   False
c.    True
d.   False

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 90

Intro: The Christmas season in the UK would be nothing without the traditional ‘Panto”
Para 0: Pantomime has become big business in the UK.
Para 1: Over the years, it has combined many different features of theatre.
Para 2: To be described as traditional, a pantomime needs to have a strong story line and include all the important elements of ‘good’ battling against ‘evil’
Para 3: This form of comedy takes its name from a device that was carried by a pantomime character…
Para 4: the basic ingredients of successful pantomime
Para 5: Another example of this role reversal is the all-important pantomime dome
Para 6: one particular chorus of dancers
Para 7: It is hoped that this unique tradition will continue long into the future.

A a visit to a show may be child’s first experience of theatre
B The most famous of those Pantomime clowns was Joseph Grimaldi
C Pantomime has been tried abroad.
D Pantomime has always tended to adapt to the times.
E keep up-to-date with events and new trends
F Song and dance are also important
G The tradition of cross-dressing
H Pantomimes can often run for six to eight weeks.
I The shows are mostly aimed at children, and are based on popular fairy stories.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 90

1.     H
2.   E
3.   F
4.   B
5.    G
6.   D
7.    A


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 91

a).

combination: mixture
adapting: changing according to the circumstances
elements: features
device: tool, gadget
ingredients: elements that go together to make a whole
era: age, period
chorus: a group of singers and dancers who perform together
impression: a person’s first thoughts/ feelings about something
proved: has been shown to be
trends: fashions
plot: storyline
exaggerated: overplayed

b).

folk legends (I)
big business (line 6)
star performers (line 8)
live theatre (A)
lasting impression (A)
fellow actors (line 26)
role reversal (line 31)
theatrical effect (line 26)

The play made a lasting impression on me.
The star applauded his fellow actors.
There is a lot of role reversal in pantomimes.
The actor used his voice to create theatrical effect.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 91

In the first sentence, ‘theatre’ means entertainment that involves the performance of plays.
In the second sentence, ‘theatre’ means the building where plays, etc, are performed.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 91

a).

Students’ own answers.

b).

Students’ own answers.


ENGLISH IN USE

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 92


1.     bright
2.   hopefully
3.   local
4.   sudden
5.    fast
6.   impatiently

1.     T
2.   F
3.   T
4.   F

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 92

1.     a hardly  b hard
2.   a high  b  highly
3.   a late  b  lately
4.   a deep  b  deeply


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 92

1.     in a friendly way
2.   in a lovely way
3.   in a silly way
4.   in a lively way

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 92

1.     exciting, original, expensive (any order)
2.   ugly, old, black
3.   boring, old, social
4.   cosy, small, old

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 92

a).

2. as convenient as
3. more and more
4. as expensive as
5. The more … the better …

b).

I am sure George studies twice as much as I do.
I bet Mary solves Maths problems half as fast as Sam does.
I bet John goes to the cinema twice as frequently as I do.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 92

1.     The actor is so …
2.   Harry Potter is such a …
3.   The new Star Wars film got such …

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 92

Harry Potter has the best plot of all.
Star Wars has the best music of all.
The sound effects in Tomb Raider are better than in Harry Potter.
The plot of Harry Potter is more interesting than Tomb Raider.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 93

1.     … eats as well as/ eat as good food as …
2.   … twice as expensive as …
3.   … not as easy as …
4.   … get fit as quickly as …
5.    … the same as he did …
6.   … so noisy that he …
7.    … such long advertisement that …

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 93

1.     childish – selfish, Finnish
2.   conventional – professional, educational
3.   official – racial, partial
4.   American – African, Cuban
5.    emotional – personal, original
6.   European - Chilean

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 93

1.     do
2.   less (comparative with ‘and’)
3.   a/ per/ every
4.   than (comparative because of ‘more’)
5.    of
6.   be (passive infinitive)
7.    few
8.   that
9.   way/ manner
10.    is
11.as
12.     taking
13.     too
14.     on
15.     could/ might

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 11/ page 93

1.     not (factually incorrect)
2.   the (these nouns do not need the definite article)
3.  
4.   been (incorrect tense)
5.    the (we do not use ‘the’ with the comparative form)
6.   even (only used with the comparative form for emphasis)
7.    they (unnecessary pronoun)
8.  
9.   hardly (unnecessary adverb)
10.    be (unnecessary verb)
11.
12.    
13.     seem (incorrect without the preposition ‘to’)
14.    
15.     whole (unnecessary adjective)


WRITING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 94

1.     my teacher
2.   quite formal
3.   Pros: save space/ save time/ can provide entertainment/ are a source of information
Cons: make people dependent on them/ can make mistakes
Other pros: store lots of information/ can be used to communicate across great distances
Other cons: can be misused/ can crash and lose information




Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 94

a).

1. To begin with
2. On the other hand
3. such as
4. In addition
5. As a result
6. Finally
7. On the other hand
8. Another negative effect
9. All things considered

b).

1. To begin with, the benefits of computers cannot be denied.
 Firstly, no one can deny that computers are useful.
On the other hand, there are also disadvantages with the computer age.
However, computers also have a number of disadvantages.
2. The remaining sentences in both paragraphs.
3. start – a rhetorical question
    end – state a personal opinion

c).

B is the best beginning
B is the best ending

d).

The writer feels that computers are valuable, but not essential. He believes that we should not become so involved in them that we socialize less with other people. His opinion is clearly stated in the final paragraph.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 95

1.     in favour of
2.   Even though
3.   feel
4.   Besides
5.    For example

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 95

1.     To begin with – Firstly
2.   On the one hand – One advantage is that
3.   such as – for example
4.   In addition – Furthermore
5.    As a result – Therefore
6.   Finally – Last
7.    On the other hand – However
8.   Another negative effect – An additional disadvantage
9.   All things considered – Taking everything into account

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 95

a).

1. d for
2. c against
3. a for
4. b against

b).

1.           There are certain arguments in favour of advertising. To begin with, advertising creates jobs. As a result, the unemployment problem is reduced, which is an important advantage for a country’s economy. Another point in favour is that it increases the wealth of a country, since tax paid on goods can be used for essential services in society.
2.         However, some people feel that advertising also has its drawbacks. The main disadvantage is that advertising can make people dissatisfied with what they already have. In particular, children of poorer parents feel inferior when they cannot buy the same things as their classmates. Moreover, advertising causes people to place too much importance on material goods. For instance, many people are willing to work long hours so they can afford the goods on offer.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 96

A.    The most important advantage of electronic shopping is the convenience of offers.
B.    However, there are a number of problems involved with the use of mobile phones.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 96

1.      Firstly, the tickets are a lot cheaper than other airline companies. As a result, more people are able to travel abroad.
2.    The most important disadvantage is that it is frustrating and time-consuming. For example, you waste a lot of time sifting through the mail and you may overlook an important letter or bill as a result.
3.    To begin with, it is one of the main reasons behind the problem of obesity in modern society. Many people are more likely to buy fast food than to eat a healthy lunch these days because it is so convenient.
4.    In addition, graffiti can beautify an area. For example, a dull grey concrete wall can become an attractive country scene.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 96

Key words to be underlined: magazine for teenagers; credit cards; curse; blessing; article; pros and cons; shopping on credit
1.     the editor and readers of the magazine
2.   semi-formal style because it is for a magazine
3.   Points in favour of credit cards:
Enable you to shop whenever you feel like it;
Useful in case of an emergency;
They can be used internationally;
You can buy on the phone or on-line;
Usually offer discounts and special offers;
No need to carry much cash;
Points against credit cards:
You may overuse it and get into debt;
Mistakes can be made;
You may fall behind with payments;
You will pay a lot of interest.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 96

a).  

Model B is the most appropriate one because it covers all the points in the list, whereas Model A does not.

b). 

All the items should be ticked.
·       opinion in the first paragraph (‘in my view’)
·       personal example(s) (2nd para: ‘I even used mine in Africa once’)
·       short forms (1st para: ‘we shouldn’t’)
·       one sentence paragraphs (last para)
·       blind use of statistics (first para, first sentence)
·       overgeneralization (last para)
·       badly laid out composition (main body consists of one paragraph and advantages and disadvantages are mixed up)

c). 

Beginning:
As anyone with a wallet full of plastic money knows, credit cards are very much part of our everyday life. However, are they our flexible friends or an enemy in disguise?

Ending:
To sum up, I believe that the responsibility for the use or misuse of a credit card lies in our hands. We can turn a credit card into a useful tool to make shopping easier or into a dangerous weapon that can lead us into debt.

d). 

All in all, if we are aware of the pitfalls and use them wisely, then credit cards can be very useful. After all, as Henry de Bracton once said, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 97

a). 

1.     ken, my penpal
2.   informal
3.   Dear Ken – Love, Joe
4.   Name of the hotel – first paragraph
Advantages – second paragraph
Disadvantages – third paragraph
My opinion – final paragraph


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 11/ page 97

Dear Ken,
Hi – how have you been? Here’s the information you asked for (language too formal/ wrong verb) about the hotel for your uncle. I found (wrong tense) one, the Westin Hotel, but there are some good and bad things.
One of the main advantages of (wrong preposition) this hotel is that (unnecessary word) it is comfortable and luxurious. For example (wrong linking word), there’s a swimming pool and a sauna. Another point in favour of (wrong preposition) this hotel is that they have good prices (unnecessary word). There’s (wrong tense) even a special discount in April (punctuation problem) and May (punctuation problem).
However, this hotel has also some drawbacks. The main point against it (unnecessary word) is that the location is rather out of the way. As a result, your uncle will have (wrong tense) to walk about fifteen minutes to the nearest bus station. Another disadvantage is that it can be (missing word) difficult to find rooms, so your uncle will have to book early.
All in all, however (wrong linking word), I think (language too formal) the Westin Hotel is a good choice, and you can safely recommend it to your uncle. Inform him that he can book (unnecessary word) directly (see number at the bottom), or if you want me to do it just let me know. I can’t wait to hear (language too formal) from you again.
Love, (incorrect salutation)
Joe


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 12/ page 98

A). 

Key words to be underlined: effects of mobile phones on our lives; views; good and bad sides; articles; magazine
1. an article
2. the editor and the magazine readers – semi-formal style
3. Begin:                                        
    It seems that everywhere we go nowadays we will hear the beeping sound of someone’s mobile phone. Along with the Internet, emails and credit cards, mobile phones have become a central part of modern life. But are they a benefit or a nuisance?
End:
All in all, in the right hand mobile phones are a welcome practical means of communication. If we use them responsibly and respectfully, mobile phones are a useful tool for modern living.
4. useful in an emergency/ fast means of communication/ can be dangerous/ can be costly
5. We can contact people from wherever we are and be contacted ourselves.
    Text messaging is instant and quick.
Using a mobile phone while driving is extremely hazardous and can cause an accident.
Call charges for calling another mobile or a long distance number are high.
6. To start with, in addition, for example, Also, To add to that, However, All in all

B). 

Key words to be underlined: pros and cons of keeping fit; teacher; composition; your opinion

1.     a composition
2.   my teacher – semi-formal style
3.   Begin:
Health and fitness go hand in hand and every town and city has gyms, health clubs and sports centres available for people to use. Nevertheless, does keeping fit have more benefits than pitfalls in today’s society?
End:
All things considered, some moderate exercise every day has a great number of benefits. How and when we exercise is up to us, but keeping fit is essential for good health.
4.   keeping fit helps maintain a balanced weight/ able to do more activities easily/ maintains a healthy body/ keeping fit can be expensive/ difficult to fit exercise into our hectic lifestyles
5.    Being overweight can cause many health problems such as high blood pressure and stress on the joints. People who are unfit get tired and out of breath doing simple things. Exercise is good for the heart and lungs. Memberships to gyms and health clubs cost a lot of money. Our daily schedules are often so busy that we don’t have the time to exercise regularly.
6.   One point of view in favour of, because, What is more, For example, Finally, Nevertheless, One disadvantage/ Another disadvantage is, All things considered 

C). 

Key words to be underlined: Hilda, friend from Canada coming to your country; study; what life is like for university students; in your city; notes; letter; pros and cons
1. a letter
2. the my friend, Hilda - informal style
3. Begin:                                        
    Dear Hilda,
    Thanks for your letter. I was very happy to hear that you are thinking of studying here. I have all the information you asked for.
End:
Overall, I think you will have a great time here at university. It is a great place to live. If there is anything else you would like to know, just drop me a line. Take care.
Love,
Gillian
4.   lots of great facilities for students/ good social life, expensive/ lots of traffic
5.    For example, there is a fantastic sports centre with special discounts for students as well as an Internet café.
There are a number of international students at the university, so you will have the opportunity to meet people from all over the world.
Student accommodation is costly as the rents are quite high. The roads are very busy and it can be quite noisy, especially around the campus because it is on a main road.
6. In the first place, Also, On the other hand, For example, Overall

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 13/ page 98

A). 

It seems that everywhere we go nowadays we will hear the beeping sound of someone’s mobile phone. Along with the Internet, emails and credit cards, mobile phones have become a central part of modern life. But are they a benefit or a nuisance?
      There is no doubt that mobile phones have their advantages. To start with, they are useful in an emergency. We can contact people from wherever we are and be contacted ourselves. In addition, they are fast means of communication. For example, text messaging is instant and quick.
        However, there are also a number of disadvantages. The main disadvantage is that they can be dangerous. For example, using a mobile phone while driving is extremely hazardous and can cause an accident. To add to that, mobiles can be costly. Call charges for calling another mobile or a long distance number are high.
         All in all, in the right hand mobile phones are a welcome practical means of communication. If we use them responsibly and respectfully, mobile phones are a useful tool for modern living.

B). 

Health and fitness go hand in hand and every town and city has gyms, health clubs and sports centres available for people to use. Nevertheless, does keeping fit have more benefits than pitfalls in today’s society?
One point of view in favour of keeping fit is that it helps maintain a balanced weight. This is important because being overweight can cause many health problems such as high blood pressure and stress on the joints. What is more, keeping fit means that you are able to do more activities easily. For example, people who are unfit get tired and out of breath doing simple things. Finally, a good overall level of fitness helps to maintain a healthy body as exercise is good for the heart and lungs.
    Nevertheless, there are also some disadvantages. One disadvantage is that keeping fit can be expensive. Memberships to gyms and health clubs cost a lot of money. Another disadvantage is that it is often difficult to fit exercise into our hectic lifestyles. Our daily schedules are often so busy that we don’t have the time to exercise regularly.
All things considered, some moderate exercise every day has a great number of benefits. How and when we exercise is up to us, but keeping fit is essential for good health.

C). 
                                                         
    Dear Hilda,
    Thanks for your letter. I was very happy to hear that you are thinking of studying here. I have all the information you asked for.
 University students living in my city have a number of advantages. In the first place, there are lots of great facilities for students. For example, there is a fantastic sports centre with special discounts for students as well as an Internet café. Also, the social life for students is great. There are a number of international students at the university, so you will have the opportunity to meet people from all over the world.
On the other hand, there are a couple of drawbacks. The main one is that life can be quite expensive. Student accommodation is costly as the rents are quite high. Also, there is lots of traffic. The roads are very busy and it can be quite noisy, especially around the campus because it is on a main road.
      Overall, I think you will have a great time here at university. It is a great place to live. If there is anything else you would like to know, just drop me a line. Take care.
Love,
Gillian


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