vineri, 9 august 2013

UPSTREAM UPPER - INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 6


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la  Unit 6: GOING PLACES  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Bob Obee si Virginia Evans, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM UPPER INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 6

LEAD-IN

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 99

A.   beach holiday
B.   skiing holiday
C.   cycling holiday
D.  safari
E.   camping holiday
F.   walking holiday

I enjoy going on beach holidays because I like to sunbathe.
I enjoy going on skiing holidays because I love winter sports.
I enjoy going on cycling holidays because I like to explore parts of the countryside where there is no traffic.
I enjoy going on safari because I like to see animals in their natural environment.
I like going on walking holidays because I like to explore the countryside and keep fit at the same time.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 99

Speaker 1 – tropical island (quiet, relaxing, escape, turtles, beach)
Speaker 2 – mountain village (scenery from the top)
Speaker 3 – safari (helicopter, under the stars, open air, wildlife)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 99

a).
eco-tourism project
travel brochure
holiday romance/ resort
traveling companion
departure lounge
seaside resort
remote area
tourist attraction
traveller’s cheques

b).
Charter flights are usually cheaper than scheduled flights.
Working on an eco-tourism project gave me a lot of satisfaction.
Holiday resorts always look inviting in the travel brochures.
The girl I met on the boat became my traveling companion for the remainder of the trip.
If your flight is delayed, you may have to wait in the departure lounge for some time.
I prefer to spend my holidays in seaside resorts.
The hotel we stayed in was excellent, but it was in a rather remote area.
Disneyland is a popular tourist attraction for families with young children.
Traveller’s cheques are a useful way of carrying money with you when you travel.

c).
A: In my opinion, working on an eco-tourism project is a great way to spend a holiday. That way, you get something and give something back at the same time. Also, …
B: I’m sorry to interrupt, but I don’t think you get anything back. After all, you are working the whole time, aren’t you?
A: Well, I’m sure you would have some time to relax and enjoy your surroundings.

A: If you ask me, I think a lot of travel brochures are guilty of false advertising.
B: Why do you think that?
A: Well, when you arrive in a resort, quite often the place looks nothing like it was in the glossy brochure.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 99

Travelling deepens our self-knowledge.
A: I agree, as I think that when we travel, we have new experiences and the way we deal with them teaches us about ourselves and our tastes.
B: I don’t agree. I don’t think we need to travel to learn about ourselves. We learn new things about ourselves all the time and if we didn’t know how to deal with new situations it would probably be better not to travel anyway.

We are more emotionally attached to our homes than any other place.
A: I think this is true, because it doesn’t matter where we are actually living in the present moment; we always have a special feeling for our home. No matter how far away from home we go, we always think of it and remember it as somewhere where we feel comfortable and happy.
B: In my opinion, this is not true for everyone. Many people agree that whenever they are they feel at home and that’s true for me, too.

READING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 100

A: I think tourists should not buy souvenirs made from endangered species.
B: I agree, then they will not be encouraging illegal trade or poaching.
A: To me, tourists should respect the local customs and traditions so as not to offend the local people.
B: Yes, they should be polite at all times.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 100

a).

The writer describes holidays as “guilt-free” because travelers have the chance to get away to somewhere beautiful while helping a deprived area and giving something back to the environment at the same time.

b).

Key word to be underlined:
0 local people, travel companies, agree – both locals and tour operators think alike
1 new plan spoil view, well-known spot – proposed scheme will ruin the view from a popular place
2 something used, different purpose – alternative use
3 live as natives do – live like the locals
4 project set up, because financial crisis – scheme started due to economic problems
5 government agreed to plan – authorities accepted proposed scheme
6/7 different opinions on what should be done – conflicting views about a solution
8 authorities want wealthier tourists – some tourists will profit in the future
10 group, looking for assistance – people seeking help
11/12 tourists, see wild animals – holidaymakers see animals in the wild
13 easy-going atmosphere – relaxed surroundings
14 trying, make life easier for tourists – attempting to simplify things for tourists


c).

1.     C (lines 44-5)
2.   A (lines 17-19)
3.   D (lines 67-75)
4.   D (lines 63-65)
5.    C (lines 51-52)
6.   B (lines 25-30)
7.    C (lines 49-52)
8.   B (lines 25-27)
9.   A (lines 8-9, 12-13)
10.                      A (lines 14-16)
11.A (line 11)
12.                       D (lines 61-62)
13.                       B (lines 21-22)
14.                       C (lines 40-43)


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 101

a).
coast, beach, jungle, mountains

b).
1. artificial (line 3)
2. generate (line 6)
3. discourage (line 26)
4. snub (line 34)
5. pristine (line 38)
6. welfare (line 66)

c).
marine life: living things in the sea e.g. fish, sharks, shellfish, etc.
local authorities: regional government
shoestring budgets: limited amount of money to spend
turn away: refuse entry
remote: far away from cities and inhabited areas
trek: hike
visible: possible to see
local inhabitants: people who live in the area
launched: started, set up
a downturn in the national economy: a worsening of the country’s finances

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 101

2. repel
3. threaten
4. up-market
5. destroy
6. foolish
7. working

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 101

1.     the number of diving enthusiasts who have shown interest has been surprising
2.   they would be happier if the tourists who visit Goa had more money to spend
3.   it would be foolish to alienate the people who enjoy spending their holiday there
4.   it will make sure the natural beauty of Machu Picchu is not spoilt
5.    holidaymakers will have the opportunity to experience what life is really like in an African village

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 101

a).
A. Plans to sink a warship and use it as a diving reef in Cornwall would encourage eco-tourism.
B. Local authorities in Goa want to discourage low budget tourists and attract more up-market travelers.
C. There is disagreement about plans to build a cable car to lift visitors up to Machu Picchu.
D. Local villagers have started their own eco-tourism project in Zambia to raise money for educational and welfare projects.

b).
I think that the project mentioned in section A will be successful, because there are plenty of people who are interested in diving. These people will visit the wreck and will be keen to protect fish and marine life as these creatures enhance their diving experience.

The project in section b may not be successful, as it will be difficult to stop hippies from visiting an island where they have always spent their holidays. By trying to discourage them from coming to the island, local authorities may cause a lot of damage to the local economy.

The project in section C may not work because there are people who strongly oppose it. It is hard to decide which would be worse to continue to damage the trail up to Machu Picchu, or to build a cable car which would destroy the view.

I think that the project in section D will be successful because there are a lot of people who will want to help the African people and spend time in beautiful surroundings at the same time. Many people would enjoy staying in an African village and learning about local traditions.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 101

Students’ own answers.

LANGUAGE FOCUS

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 102

a).
beginning: se you off; get going; boarded; set off
during: held up; go via; en-route; passed through; headed for
end: reach; got off


b).
1. see (us) off
2. en-route
3. reach

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 102

A: Do you think we should pack the umbrella?
B: No way! It’s going to be really hot and sunny in Mexico.
A: Hmm… That’s true. In that case we’ll need the sunscreen, then.
B: That’s fine by me.
A: Surely the most sensible thing would be to take the alarm clock.
B: The alarm clock! I can’t see any point in doing that. I’m not keen on getting up early, especially when I’m on holiday!
A: OK. Let’s take the radio instead. That way, we could listen to music whenever we like.
B: Good idea. It’s vital that we take the camera to take lots of photos.
A: Let’s do that! I really think we should take a first-aid kit, too. You never know when might need it.
B: You’re probably right. I really think it would be a pity if we didn’t take the insect repellent and we got bitten by mosquitoes.
A: You’re right. Let’s do that!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 102

a).
You could see the first sign in a hotel or a bed and breakfast. It means that there are no rooms free at the moment.
You could see the second sign in a bank or at a hotel reception desk. It means that you can exchange your traveller’s cheques for cash here.
You could see the third sign on a hotel room door. It means that the people in the room do not want anyone to knock on the door or come into the room.
You could see the fourth sign in an airport. It means that you do not have anything in your luggage which you should inform the customs officials about.

b).
A: I’d like to cash some travellers’ cheques, please.
B: Certainly, sir. May I see your passport, please?

A: I’m really tired after our long flight.
B: Me too. Let’s put the ‘Do Not Disturb’ sign on the door.

A: Have you got anything in your luggage that we have to declare to the customs officials?
B: No, I don’t think so. We can go through the green channel.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4 / page 102

1.     passengers – at the airport
2.   platform – at a train station
3.   luggage – at an airport, a train station or a bus station
4.   docking – on a ferry or a cruise ship
5.    route – on a traffic report on the radio

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 103

1.     globetrotter
2.   flying visit
3.   Pilgrims
4.   stopover
5.    Explorers

They are building a new ring road in my town.
The speed limit on a dual carriageway is 40mph.
We live on a quiet lane in a rural area.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 103

a).
1.     dark
2.   accommodation
3.   national
4.   soaking
5.    booked
6.   various

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 103

1.     in
2.   off
3.   off
4.   down
5.    up
6.   down

1.                 check in: arrive at hotel and collect your key
2.               set off: start a journey
3.               take off: leave the ground
4.               break down: stop warking
5.                pick up: collect
6.               slow down: drive more slowly

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 103

1.     heart
2.   broadens
3.   hit
4.   made

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9 / page 103

1.     ruins
2.   view
3.   delay
4.   trip
5.    companion
6.   brochures

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 103

1.     by
2.   on
3.   on/in
4.   for
5.    on/ off/ by/ at
6.   off
7.    on
8.   in/at
9.   in
10.    in

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 104

1.     I agree with the first statement up to a certain point. The advantages of travelling when all the holiday crowds have gone home, is that you get to see a place when it is peaceful and you do not have to push through crowds of people, or join long queues in order to see important sights.
However, the crowds are probably there because there is a certain time when it is best to visit a place. Perhaps when the crowds have gone home, the weather will be bad, or the attractions will have closed for the season.

b).

Speaker 1 B
Speaker 2 D
Speaker 3 C
Speaker 4 A
Speaker 5 E

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 104

a).
Key words to be underlined:
1.     lightweight travel products
2.   inexpensive suitcases, thieves
3.   sweets, dangerous, children, take-off, landing
4.   limit toys
5.    addressed envelopes, contact, friends
6.   shop, fit in suitcase
7.    airport, asked, items in luggage
8.   small details, important
b).
1. F
2. F
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. F
7. T
8. T

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 104

A: I think that I would buy the necklace. It is very pretty and it looks as though it might be hand made. I like to buy souvenirs that have been made by local people.
B: Yes, it’s quite nice, I suppose, but I prefer the bowl and chopsticks. It would be something to show my friends, and you could even learn how to eat with chopsticks, which would be fun.
A: That’s true. I like the bowl and chopsticks, too. What else would you buy?
B: Well, the sombrero hats are fun. I would hang them on my wall at home as decorations so that my friends could see them.
A: That’s a great idea!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 104

Students’ own answers.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 104

·       Both students use a good range of appropriate vocabulary and accurate grammar throughout.
·       The students put forward relevant arguments and give valid reasons for their choices. They organise their ideas clearly and extend their answers.
·       The two students speak quite fluently, communicate their ideas well, invite responses from each other and maintain interaction well.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 105

a).
Phrases to be underlined:
complain: I’m sorry to say that I am very disappointed with
apologise: I don’t know what to say; I’m so sorry
criticize: I’m really fed up with

The speakers are a guest and the manager/ receptionist in the hotel.
The problem is that noisy trains pass the hotel all night.

b).
problems: travel sickness, food poisoning, lost luggage. Flight delays etc.

A: I’m afraid I’ve got a complaint.
B: What exactly is the problem, madam?
A: I’ve just arrived on the plane from London, but my luggage has been sent to France.
B: Oh, dear. I’m terribly sorry about that. I’ll see to it as soon as possible.

A: I’m sorry to say that I am very disappointed with the food in this hotel.
B: Oh, I’m sorry. What seems to be the trouble with it?
A: It is badly cooked and tastes awful.
B: Oh, dear. I don’t know what to say.

A: There’s something I’d like to talk to you about. You promised to give me a wake-up call for the excursion today, but you didn’t do it.
B: Gosh, you’re right. I forgot all about it. I’m sorry!
A: It’s all your fault that I missed the excursion and I was really looking forward to it.
B: I’m so sorry! I’ll make sure it doesn’t happen again.

c).

A: Look, I’m sorry to trouble you, but I wonder if you could remember to fill the photocopier up with paper when it run out.
B: Oh, yes! I forgot. Sorry.
A: It’s about time you tried a bit harder, isn’t it? Why couldn’t you check how much paper there is every time you use it?
B: I’m really sorry. It won’t happen again.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 105

a).

I think that the dialogue takes place in someone’s house.

b).

A: So, how do you like the house then?
B: I think it’s brilliant.
A: Thanks, you’re so kind.

A: Do you like the food?
B: It’s absolutely delicious.
A: Thanks for saying so.

A: So, what do you think?
B: It’s really beautiful.
A: Thanks, I’m glad you like it.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 105

a.    … - restaurant
b.   No, I can manage, thanks. – at home/ in an airport/ bus/ train station
c.    I’d like a ticket to London, please. – bus/ train station
d.   I’ve got a reservation under the name of Smith. – hotel
e.    I’d like a seat near the front of the plane, please. – airport
f.      I’d like two cheeseburgers, please. – fast food restaurant
g.    Could I try these on in a 37, please? – shoe shop


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1 / page 106

I expect to read a story about a writer and an artist.

I think that Maugham chose Tahiti as the setting for this story because he spent a lot of time there and decided it was a beautiful place which would be wonderful to describe and write about.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 106

a).
2. to
3. of
4. for
5. of
6. in
7. in
8. to

b).
Yes – the description of Thaiti matches Maugham’s description – he also describes it as being beautiful, smiling and friendly.


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 107

1.     A (reference words: kitchen, breakfast, awoke, sleeping)
2.   C (reference words: Wellington)
3.   H (reference words: stormy, wind, dropped, sea)
4.   B (reference words: island, approach, came near)
5.    E (reference words: sad, sadness)
6.   G (reference words: harbour, boats, quay, bay)
7.    D (reference words: crowd, sea of faces)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 107

a).
·       The sky: pale, flaming, blue
·       Wellington: trim, neat, English
·       The sea: stormy, calm, blue
·       The clouds: grey
·       The mountains: lovely, district
·       The boats: trim, neat
·       The town: little, white, charming
·       The crowd: gay, well-dressed, noisy, cheerful, animated

b).
hazard: chance
remote: isolated
revive: refresh
engaged (in): doing
stirring: walking, moving
splendour: magnificence
gaze: stare
murmur: make a continuous low sound
flamboyant: striking and colorful
flaming: bright
dazzles: impresses

c).
pale sky (line 17) – sight
silence on the lake (lines 17-18) – hearing
grey clouds (line 21) – sight
rocky splendour (lines 25-26) – sight
blue loneliness of the Pacific (lines 29-30) – sight
silent valleys (lines 31-32) – hearing
cool streams (line 330 – touch
shadowy places (line 33) – touch
flamboyant trees (line 40) – sight
scarlet flowers (lines 40-41) – sight
flaming blue of the sky (line 42) – sight
noisy, cheerful animated crowd (D) – hearing
sea of brown faces (line 44) - sight

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 107

1.     B
2.   B

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 107

1.     a pleasant situation
2.   to renew my interest
3.   to keep my mind busy
4.   the wind stopped blowing
5.    to look back at you
6.   a lively group of people
7.    a crowd of dark-skinned people

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 107

Dear Sam,
I am having a great time in Tahiti.
It is extremely hot and the island is beautiful. It is really green with lots of mountains and lush valleys. The people are very friendly, too.
Yesterday, we went to Papeete harbour and walked along the tree-lined street and around the quay. It was very busy and colourful. Tomorrow we are going on a trip to the neighbouring island of Murea.
That’s all for now. See you when I get back.
Love,
Tina

ENGLISH IN USE

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 108

1.     needn’t/ don’t have to/ don’t need to
2.   have to
3.   don’t have to/ needn’t/ don’t need to
4.   should/ ought to/ must

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2 / page 108

1.     You ought to check that you have your passport before going to the airport.
 You ought to check that you have your tickets before going to the airport.
2.   You have to take your passport when travelling abroad. You have to take you’re a valid ticket when travelling abroad.
3.   You mustn’t take plants through customs. You mustn’t take illegal substances through customs.
4.   An air steward has to check that the doors are locked before take off. An air steward has to check that the passengers have their seat belts fastened before take off.
5.    You shouldn’t drop litter on the beach. You shouldn’t drive your car on the beach.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3 / page 108

1.     probably not
2.   theoretically possible
3.   certainly/ surely
4.   possibly
5.    possibly
6.   likely
7.    impossible
8.   not true

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 108

a).
1.     Can - ability
2.   could - ability
3.   Can/ Could - permission
4.   can - ability
5.    could – ability
6.   Can/ Could - permission
7.    can - permission
8.   can’t - ability

b).
·       Can I have a glass of water, please? / Could you help me with my seat belt, please?
·       Can you tell me how old the castle is, please? / Could you tell me what time we have to be back on the bus, please?
·       Can you tell me what time I have to check out, please? / Could you give me a wake-up call at seven o’clock tomorrow morning, please?

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 108

2. A: Are you allowed to take pets on public transport?
    B: Yes, you are.
3. A: Can you travel abroad with an ID card instead of a passport?
     B: Yes, you can.
4. A: Are you allowed to camp on beaches and in public parks?
    B: No, you aren’t.
5. A: Do you have to pay to visit national museum?
    B: Yes, you do.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 108

1.     … must arrive in Milan … (modal –obligation/ necessity)
2.   … don’t have to show … (modal – absence of necessity)
3.   … didn’t have to worry … (modal chances of necessity)
4.   … ought to say goodbye before … (modal – obligation)
5.    … shouldn’t criticize … (modal – absence of necessity/ advice)
6.   … will have to pay for … (modal – necessity)
7.    … has difficulty making … (difficulty + -ing form)
8.   … you should stay in today … (modal – advice)
9.   … it’s not worth buying … (worth + -ing form)
10.                      … failed to reach/ didn’t manage to reach … (failed/ not manage + to-inf)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 109

admire: admiration (abstract noun), admirer (concrete noun), admirable (adjective), admirably (adverb)
compete: competition (abstract noun), competitor (concrete noun), competitive (adjective), competitively (adverb)
correct: correction (abstract noun), correct (adjective), correctly (adverb)
enthuse: enthusiasm (abstract noun), enthusiast (concrete noun), enthusiastic (adjective), enthusiastically (adverb)
exhaust: exhaustion (abstract noun), exhausting (adjective)
expend: expense (abstract noun), expensive (adjective), expensively (adverb)
organise: organisation (abstract noun), organiser (concrete noun), organised (adjective)
guide: guidance (abstract noun), guide (concrete noun), guided (adjective)
invite: invitation (abstract noun), inviting (adjective), invitingly (adverb)
produce: production (abstract noun), producer (concrete noun), productive (adjective), productively (adverb)
qualify: qualification (abstract noun), qualifier (concrete noun), qualified (adjective)
repeat: repetition (abstract noun), repetitive (adjective), repetitively (adverb)

Anne received a bouquet of flowers from a secret admirer.
I won first prize in the competition.
He answered all the questions correctly.
His enthusiasm for his work is plain to see.
The long walk home was exhausting.
This dress is far too expensive for me to buy.
Terry works for a charitable organisation.
I am going on a guided tour of London next week.
I received a wedding invitation in the post this morning.
John always uses his time productively.
A degree in English is a useful qualification to have.
I don’t like music, it’s very repetitive.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 109

1.     B (fixed phrase – ‘spread the word’)
2.   A (phrasal verb – ‘get sth back’)
3.   B (a bad review, have/ get a bad reputation, media coverage)
4.   D (loan = no payment, rental of, to let sth to sb)
5.    B (together with = a prepositional phrase used for emphasis)
6.   A (fixed phrase – ‘cause sb distress’)
7.    B (listen to sb, remark = say, suspect sb of sth)
8.   C (took off, landed = action performed by pilot/ aircraft, caught a bus/ train)
9.   C (pay a deposit, guarantee = warranty/ assurance, cut = share (idiom))
10.                      D (travel = verb, ride = of a horse/ bike, excursion = short journey/ visit, trip = holiday)
11.C (ferry boat, tour boat/ bus, cargo ship = does not carry passengers)
12.                       B (fixed phrase – ‘honeymoon couple’)
13.                       B (fixed phrase – ‘to prevent sb from doing sth’)
14.                       A (refers to ‘departure lounges’)
15.                       B (fixed phrase – ‘the rest of us’)

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 109

1.     surroundings
2.   countryside
3.   situated
4.   bustling
5.    illegally
6.   carefully
7.    stylish
8.   unforgettable
9.   neighbouring

WRITING

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 1/ page 110

a).
Key words to be underlined: Local newspaper; story competition; start; “The day of my holiday arrived, but I wasn’t looking forward to it.”; write story
1. The editors of the local newspaper/ judges of the competition
2. b
3. a

b).
A 2   B 5   C 1   D 3   E 4

1.     Past simple to describe actions, events, states and feelings.
Past continuous to set the scene and describe feelings
Past perfect to describe previous actions, events and states
Past Simple:
I made my way… (action)
The day of my holiday arrived … (event)
I had little money (state)
The plane took off, I fell fast asleep and woke to … (events)
I froze in my seat (feeling)
The airline had no choice (state)
Past Continuous
As I was waiting to board the plane … (setting the scene)
I wasn’t looking forward to it. (feeling)
Was I dreaming? (feeling)
Past Perfect
After I had checked in, … (action)
I had boarded the wrong plane! (action/ event)
Immediately after the plane had landed (event)
I … had only been able to afford to stay … (state)
It had been the airline’s fault, … (state)

2.  Adjectives to be underlined:
Positive: lucky, ideal, long, sandy, crystal, clear, marvellous, thrilled
Negative: little, noisy
3.   Adverbs to be circled:
Manner: slowly, apparently
Time: immediately, shortly
Degree: exactly, really, fast
4.   After, As, As soon as, Immediately after
5.    I wasn’t looking forward to it, I wasn’t really thrilled, I froze in my seat
6.   I had boarded the wrong plane!

c).
a. 2
b. 7
c. 9
d. 8
e. 3
f. 1
g. 5
h. 4
i. 6

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 2/ page 111

a).
Time words/ phrases to be underlined: As soon as; When; While; At that moment; first thing in the morning

b).
1. Soon/ Eventually
2. At first
3. Then
4. After/ When
5. Finally

c).
At first, I wasn’t looking forward to going on holiday. When I got to the airport, I checked in and waited to board the plane. As soon as the plane took off, I fell asleep. Suddenly, I heard the pilot announcing that we were landing in Kingston, Jamaica. At that moment, I realised I was on the wrong plane. After the plane landed, I explained the problem to the authorities. Eventually the airline agreed to pay for my stay and spend a wonderful week in Jamaica!

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 3/ page 111

1.     began
2.   arrived
3.   were standing
4.   heard
5.    decided
6.   started
7.    shut
8.   found
9.   bought
10.                      gave
11.got
12.                       was
13.                       thought
14.                       came
15.                       realised
16.                       had changed

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 4/ page 112

a).
Paragraph A is more interesting to the readers because it contains a variety of adjectives, whereas paragraph B contains the same simple adjectives throughout.

b).
Julie sat in the café in the pleasant fishing village. She was watching people getting off the enormous cruise ship. Her beautiful face lit up as she saw her wonderful 80-year-old grandmother walking towards her wearing a colourful dress. She hugged Julia, sat down opposite her and gave a tiny sigh of joy. After the horrible time she had had getting here, she felt very lucky to finally be on the island with her delightful granddaughter.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 5/ page 112

We had been sightseeing all day and we were absolutely exhausted. We were on our way back to our hotel when I suddenly realised that my purse was missing. I remembered that the last time I had used it was at the café where we had stopped for a drink. We quickly made our way back to the café and went over to the table we had been sitting at. We anxiously checked to see if it had fallen on the floor, but it wasn’t there. We asked to see the manager and we explained that my purse was missing. He asked us to describe what it looked like and what was inside it. He listened carefully, then went back into his office and came out carrying my purse. We thanked him gratefully and he offered us coffee and dessert on the house.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 6/ page 113

1. C   uses the senses to describe the weather (extremely hot), to set the scene (he could hear the strange sounds of the unfamiliar city), uses direct speech (“What am I doing here?”, “I’m so glad it’s all over!”), describes people’s feelings about the events in the main body (deep sigh of relief, “I’m so glad it’s all over!”)
2. A   asks a rhetorical question (Have you ever had one of those days…? But I suppose that’s life, isn’t is?), addresses the reader directly (Have you ever …?), refers to feelings (I am amazed)
3. uses direct speech (“Don’t worry, darling…”), uses the senses to describe the weather (Dark clouds, the wind was howling), refers to feelings (their faces looking extremely worried), describes people’s reactions to the events described (They were all tired, hungry and still in shock, but they were happy to be alive!)


Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 7/ page 113

A).
Beginning:
As soon as I opened my suitcase I realised that something was wrong. I looked at the snowy Austrian mountains and heaved a huge sigh of despair. What was I doing with someone else’s luggage?

Ending:
I felt so relieved as I pulled on my warm winter clothes and walked down to the hotel lounge. Now that I had my suitcase back I could see the funny side of what had happened. At least now I had a good story to tell about my skiing holiday.

B).
Beginning:
The sun was shining brightly as Jane and Tony set off for the airport. “I hope the weather is just as good in Spain,“ said Jane. They both felt very excited as they sped through the local countryside on the way to the motorway.
Ending:
Jane and Tony felt very embarrassed as they took their seats on the plane, knowing that all the other passengers had been waiting for them. As the plane took off, they both hoped that the rest of their holiday would be less stressful.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 8/ page 113

a).
Model A best answers the question because it uses the beginning given in the rubric whereas Model B does not. Model A is also interesting and well written.

b).
·       The title of Model A is more interesting than the title of Model B.
·       Model A has a more interesting beginning and ending than Model B because it uses more narrative techniques.
·       Model A contains a greater variety of adjectives and adverbs than Model B.
·       Model A uses a variety of time words/ phrases, whereas Model B does not.
·       Model A uses direct speech, whereas Model B does not.
·       There is a wider range of vocabulary in Model A than in Model b.
·       Both models use past tenses.

c).
Beginning:
It was a beautiful sunny day and Tom had the day off work. He was glad because that meant that he had the chance to visit his cousins, Bob and Paul. He whistled happily as he got into his car and set off for their cottage by the sea.
Ending:
They became extremely anxious as they sat there and watched the dark clouds roll in. “I’m scared” said Tom. “Me, too” said Bob who was shaking like a leaf. Just then, they saw a lifeboat which had appeared as if from nowhere. They both breathed a huge sigh of relief and were happy that their trip hadn’t turned into a nightmare.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 9/ page 114

1.     “It is a long way, isn’t it?” Paul said.
2.   I don’t know how to do it, do you?
3.   “Gosh, it’s fantastic!” she exclaimed.
4.   I don’t believe this is happening.
5.    “What are you doing in my room?” Bob said.

Upstream –Upper Intermediate
ex 10/ page 114

a).
A. Key words to be underlined: teacher; story; ending with “He was far, far away at last.”
        1. a third-person narrative
        2. my teacher
        3. in the past, somewhere far away e.g. an island
        4. a man, e.g. John
        5. John goes on holiday to a lovely island but when he arrives, his hotel is awful and there is nowhere else to stay.
        6. John leaves the island.
        7. “The Hotel from Hell”/ “The Worst Hotel in the World”

B. Key words to be underlined: teen magazine; stories about travelling; begin with “We felt surprised as the train pulled into the empty station.”
        1. a first-person narrative
        2. the editor/ readers of a teen magazine
        3. in the past, at a train station
        4. myself, my sister Susie and our uncle Peter
        5. We go to stay with our uncle but he is not there to meet us at the station. We find out that we are waiting at the wrong station and take another train to meet him.
        6. We meet our uncle and feel very relieved.
        7. “A Weird Welcome”

C. Key words to be underlined: school magazine; short story competition; begin with “I will never forget my first camping holiday”
        1. a first-person narrative
        2. the editor/ readers of the school magazine
        3. in the past, on a campus
        4. myself and my family
        5. We go on a camping holiday. We try to cook a meal on the campfire but we set fire to our tent.
        6. We go to stay in a hotel.
        7. “The Camp Fire”/ “Holiday in Flames”


b).
THE CAMPFIRE

I’ll never forget my first camping holiday. The sun was shining brightly as we arrived at the campsite and chose the best spot to pitch our tent. My family and I were very excited to be spending a holiday in the great outdoors.
By the time we had put up out tent we were all very hungry, so we decided to cook the first meal on our campfire. We quickly gathered some dry wood and lit a fire.
Suddenly, there was a loud crack, and one of the sticks in the fire exploded. Sparks flew everywhere and a burning ember flew up and landed on our tent. The material immediately caught fire and within seconds there were huge flames leaping up from our tent.
Terrified, we ran to fetch buckets of water and threw them over the tent. We were screaming so loudly that other campers ran to help us. Gradually, the flames died down and the fire went out, but our tent was ruined.
After we had checked into the hotel and eaten a delicious lunch, we all began to see the funny side of our experience. “That was the shortest camping holiday ever!” said Dad, and we all laughed.


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