miercuri, 9 decembrie 2015

UPSTREAM - ADVANCED - UNIT 7


Rezolvarea exercitiilor  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM ADVANCED C1, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Virginia Evans si Lynda Edwards, Editia 2003

UNIT 7: FIT FOR LIFE

LEAD IN – page 145

2.a.
A. It’s a doctor’s job/intention to help eradicate disease/diagnose illness/improve people’s quality of life.
B. Swimming is a good way to keep fit/prevent ill health/relax/increase life expectancy.
C. Football/Team sports help(s) you keep fit/prevent(s) ill health/promote(s) self discipline/cultivate(s) a competitive spirit
D. Body scans/Medical treatment can help eradicate disease/prevent ill health/diagnose illness/increase life expectancy.

3.b.
Speaker 1 – headaches – medication, acupuncture
Speaker 2 – aching muscles – workout
Speaker 3 – indigestion – change of diet
Speaker 4 – sports injury – physiotherapy, surgery
Speaker 5 – post-viral depression – sport


3.c.
1.       desperate
2.      worried
3.      embarrassed
4.      frustrated
5.      gloomy

READING – PAGES 146-147

1.a.
- The circulation of the blood: Harvey discovered the heart was at the centre of the circulatory system; offered insight into functions of the heart, liver, brain and blood; changed the face of medicine.
- The smallpox vaccine: eradicated smallpox, the greatest killer of the time
- Penicillin: vaccine that kills bacteria; led to development of antibiotics
- Aspirin: first discovered by Hippocrates; relieves pain and inflammation

a. Aspirin
b. The smallpox vaccine
c. Penicillin
d. The circulation of the blood

1.b.
  1. D
  2. B
  3. A
  4. D
  5. B
  6. C
  7. A
  8. D
  9. C
  10. A
  11. B
  12. B
  13. A
  14. C
  15. B

LANGUAGE FOCUS – pages 148-151

1.a.
pupil – at the center of the eye
eardrum – this piece of skin inside the ear
ear lobe – large, fleshy part of the ear
airway – in the throat
nostril – opening at the end of the nose
skull – bony part of the head enclosing the brain
cheekbone – two bones in the face below the eyes
jaw – lower part of the face below the mouth
incisor – teeth at the front of the mouth used for biting food
Adam’s apple – lump that sticks out of the front of the neck
collarbone – two long bones running from throat to shoulders
palm – inside part of the hand
spine – row of bones down the back
breastbone – long, flat bone going from throat to bottom of the ribs
ribcage – structure of ribs in the chest
kneecap – bones at the front of the knees
skin – front part of legs between knees and ankles

1.b.
normal processes: breath, yawn, blink, swallow, digest
ill health: wheeze, cough, bruise, scar, throb

2.a.
rash – I’ve got these red blotches all over my skin.
inflamed joints – I can’t bend my knees or my elbows.
blurred vision – Everything is hazy.
chest pain – It hurts when I breathe.
hoarseness – My voice is disappearing.

2.b.
rash – dermatologist
inflamed joints – orthopedic surgeon
blurred vision – ophthalmologist
chest pain – cardiologist
hoarseness – ear, nose & throat surgeon

4.
2. fan because the others are part of the process and make decisions
3. jersey because all the others are played with
4. stands because all of the others are people involved in sport
5. executive box because all the others are types of tennis surface
6. sprain because all the others are types of protective gear

5.a.
Track: go-kart racing, triathlon, marathon
Pitch: hockey
Ring: boxing, wrestling
Rink: ice hockey, ice skating
Court: badminton, squash, softball
Other: archery, snooker, rowing, synchronized swimming, scuba diving, kayaking, rock climbing, angling, golf, weightlifting, skydiving
Outdoors: rowing, scuba diving, kayaking, rock climbing, angling, marathon, hockey, golf, skydiving

Individual sport: archery, rowing, go-kart racing, scuba diving, kayaking, triathlon, rock climbing, angling, marathon, golf, weightlifting, skydiving, ice skating
Indoor sports: boxing, badminton, snooker, wrestling, squash, weightlifting

6.a.
excruciating/nagging – pain
full/miraculous – recovery
internal/massive – bleeding
contagious/mysterious – disease
on-the-spot/outpatient – treatment
lightning/automatic – reflexes
rigorous/annual – tests
sports/nasty – injury

6.b.
1.       miraculous
2.      outpatient
3.      sports
4.      rigorous
5.      nagging
6.      internal
7.      mysterious
8.     lightning

7.
Catch: a cold, meningitis, the flue, pneumonia, a stomach bug, hepatitis, whooping cough, measles
Develop: a cold, a fever, pneumonia, liver trouble
Contract: hepatitis, whooping cough, measles
Suffer: a heart attack, a mental breakdown

8.a.
  1. i
  2. a
  3. c
  4. g
  5. d
  6. h
  7. f
  8. e
  9. j
  10. b

8.b.
  1. If you are of sound mind and body, nobody has any right to disagree with what you state in your will.
  2. I know the operation will be difficult for you, but keep a stiff upper lip and everything will be fine.
  3. Don’t try and tell me I can’t play football if I want! I may be eighty-five but I’m as fit as a fiddle.
  4. The famous golf pro joked that he was over the hill and that it was time for him to retire.
  5. Of course you’ve got butterflies in your stomach. It’s not every day that someone participates in the Olympic Games.

9.
  1. under pressure
  2. under normal conditions
  3. under the circumstances
  4. under age
  5. under suspicion

10.
  1. expressions
  2. insisted
  3. truly
  4. altered
  5. bad
  6. deep

11.
  1. cleared out
  2. cleared up
  3. held out
  4. hold back
  5. hold up
  6. cleared away
  7. held off

12. a.
  1. I’d like to make an appointment.
  2. I’m afraid I’m busy then. Have you got anything in the afternoon?
  3. That’s perfect.
  4. Thank you so much. See you then.

LISTENING & SPEAKING – Pages 152-153

1.b.
  1. workout habits
  2. too hard
  3. immune system
  4. (up to) twenty-four (24)
  5. (stress) hormone
  6. 70 per cent
  7. one hour
  8. rest

1.c.
wear a back/knee support
wear protective headgear
drink lots of fluids
don’t eat less than two hours before a workout

2.b.
  1. B
  2. A
  3. D
  4. D
  5. B
  6. C

3.b.
Task 1: 1G, 2D, 3F, 4H, 5A
Task 2: 6E, 7G, 8A, 9D, 10C

6.
b. Any idea if the match is being shown on TV?
c. Have you read ‘Notes from a Small Country’ by Bill Bryson?
d. Do you know what’s on at the pictures this week?
e. Is this the right way for Wilmington Avenue?

READING – Pages 154-155

1.a.
It’s the referee’s job to make sure that players adhere to the rules when playing sports and to make decisions on disputed calls. Ensuring fair play and making controversial decisions inevitably makes a referee the victim of anger and frustration.
He has to be able to sort out arguments among players, placate spectators and defend himself against the aggression of both without resorting to violence himself.

1.c.
People see him as being different, but he isn’t.
He has always had ability.
We all make mistakes.
He has to be prepared to see the best in people or else he would not be able to do his job fairly.

1.d.
  1. D
  2. B
  3. C
  4. A
  5. B
  6. A
  7. D

2.
tendency – inclination
in person – in the flesh
hard-working – diligent
characteristic – distinctive
secured – clinched
nevertheless – all the same

3.
1. He’s fit and moves like a youngster.
2. He reaches a good position through hard work at various levels.
3. I had completely forgotten that he had been the referee that night. (The implication is that he is a good referee.)

4.a.
A: I’d say it’s very important, surely it’s the whole basis on which sport and sportsmanship was originally founded. If people don’t play fair, then who can be sure the best man won?
B: I’m afraid I’d have to disagree with you. I think that’s a bit of an old-fashioned attitude. Nowadays, with so much money at stake, in the form of prize money, sponsorship and advertising, the best man doesn’t always win, but the one who is willing to do anything to win, which means cheating in every possible way.

4.b.
conscientious – he takes his job seriously (voted as the best)
hard-working – he has another job as well as refereeing
respectable – voted best referee
principled – he hates cheating/diving

ENGLISH IN USE – Pages 156-159

1.
2. … did his mother leave,/had his mother left, than he started playing computer games.
3. … a beautiful day was it, that I decided to go sunbathing on the beach.
4. … when Jason had agreed did they go ahead with the plan.
5. … did I know she was planning a surprise party for me.
6. … did she go to the gym.
7. … busy was the supermarket, that we postponed doing the shopping.

2.
  1. did I find out the truth.
  2. switched on the TV did I hear about the crash.
  3. the job had already been taken.
  4. have I ever felt so embarrassed.
  5. do they go out of town.
  6. should you touch this switch.
  7. do I visit the doctor.
  8. will we go to the beach.

3.
  1. can’t have (it’s impossible)
  2. needn’t have (it wasn’t necessary)
  3. should have (it was necessary)
  4. could have (it was possible)
  5. must have (it was probable)
  6. shouldn’t have (it was not permitted)
  7. might have (it is possible)
  8. might not have (was not able)

5.
  1. their
  2. for
  3. because/after
  4. at
  5. then
  6. later
  7. with
  8. there
  9. the
  10. what
  11. to
  12. to
  13. where/after
  14. had
  15. has

6.
  1. on
  2. to
  3. for
  4. into
  5. between
  6. for
  7. to
  8. against
  9. in
  10. against

7.
  1. for
  2. ok
  3. ok
  4. the
  5. they
  6. had
  7. only
  8. very
  9. ok
  10. more
  11. on
  12. which
  13. ok
  14. being
  15. great
  16. ok

9.
  1. C
  2. B
  3. A
  4. B
  5. B
  6. A
  7. B
  8. C
  9. A
  10. D
  11. C
  12. A
  13. C
  14. A
  15. D

10.
  1. inform everyone, changed
  2. estimate, consent
  3. unable to, illness
  4. refrain
  5. service, free

11.
  1. be announced
  2. completing
  3. from/at
  4. has
  5. no need
  6. membership
  7. (minimum) number
  8. allowed to/eligible to
  9. fee
  10. be given/donated
  11. no later
  12. deadline
  13. further information

WRITING – Pages 160-164

2.
  1. want you to tell me/ am writing to enquire
  2. require some further information/ need to know a couple of things
  3. to start with, your ad says nothing about/ first of all, your advertisement does not give details of
  4. are all your facilities open to non-members?/ can I use whatever I like in the hotel?
  5. I’d like it/ I would be grateful
  6. write to me soon. / I look forward to hearing from you soon.

4.a.
  1. F complex sentence structure
  2. F sophisticated vocabulary
  3. I short forms
  4. F frequent use of the passive voice
  5. I colloquial/spoken language
  6. I less complex grammatical constructions

5.
  1. b
  2. h
  3. g
  4. d
  5. e
  6. a
  7. f
  8. c

7.b.

  1. increase
  2. introduction
  3. hiring
  4. renovated

Niciun comentariu:

Trimiteți un comentariu

A apărut o eroare în acest obiect gadget