marți, 29 aprilie 2014

ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 11


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 11 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001

UNIT 11: Getting away from it all

Speaking: agreeing to disagree Page 130

Exercise 2

The Angel of the North, because it’s different and not a cliché.
The four mini-pictures from around Britain, because people may be more likely to buy postcards of familiar well-known scenes, and because it gives an overview of different parts of Britain with places that would interest tourists;
The Nottinghill Carnival, because it shows a different side of the UK, with a sense of Diversity and vibrancy. They also comment that it might appeal to Brazilian tourists.


Exercise 3

That’s probably very true … but I do wonder if …
That’s certainly an interesting point but I still feel …
Well, I can see what you mean but, having said that, I do think.

Listening Page 131

Exercise 3

1. first aid kit
2. a medical emergency
3. in a hurry
4. at the bank
5. meals
6. in-flight entertainment
7. peace and quiet
8. leg room

Exam focus Page 132

1. A (lines 7-9)
2. D (lines 72-73)
3. H (lines 155-156)
4. A (line 3)
5. G (line 131)
6. H (line 159)
7. A (lines 5-6)
8. C (lines 42-44)
9. H (line 172)
10. F (lines 113-114)
11. A (lines 10-11)
12. B (lines 28-29)
13. D (lines 62-63)
14. E (line 86)
15. C (lines 49-54)
16. B (lines 25-27 and 37-41)

Grammar plus: relative clauses (advanced features) Page 134

Exercise 1

Sentences of the type in a) are known as ‘defining’ (or ‘identifying’ or ‘restrictive’) relative clauses, because the clause defines (identifies or restricts) the noun. They answer the question ‘What kind of person, thing, etc do you mean?’
Non-defining (‘non-identifying’ or ‘non-restrictive’) relative clauses do not define (identify or restrict). They provide extra information about a previously defined (Identified or restricted) noun.
Sentence a means that only the 21-day tour went to all the places the speaker/ writer wanted to visit. Sentence b means that the tour the speaker/writer took (and has previously identified) went to all the places and it happened to be 21 days long.

Exercise 2

C (lines 44-49) The service has figured in people’s imagination since 1883, when prominent people like princes, spices and film stars started travelling in this sumptuous train across Europe.’ (non-defining)

D (lines 62-64) ‘Spacious trains and seats that revolve to face the direction of travel are a few of the features of the Bergen line, a service which operates in Norway.’ (both defining)

E (lines 83-86) ‘Travel from one great city to another across the Rockies and the vast, empty Great Plains where buffalo once roamed.’ (defining)

(lines 91-95) ‘There are also several ‘historic railroads’, such as the Durango & Silverton Narrow Guage Railroad in Colorado, ‘which takes passengers across parts of the Rockies and the western US’ (non-defining)

H (lines 151-156) ‘A growing number of specialist companies are hosting luxurious private tours, particularly in the palace province of Rajasthan, where you can travel in the sumptuous style of an Indian prince.’ (non-defining)

Exercise 3


defining
relative clause
non-defining
relative clause
- that can be used in place of who or which
- the relative pronoun can be left out
- commas are generally used before (and after) the relative clause
True

True

Not true

Not true

Not true

True


Exercise 4

1. It’s the kind of scenery that you only see once in a lifetime (no comma).
2. The cost of the trip was much lower than we had imagined, what which came as a pleasant surprise.
3. We met a young man who was terribly helpful when we got lost. (no commas)
4. The company which whose train this is don’t seem to want to spend money on improving the state of the interior.
5. The guy that/ who led thee tour was very experienced and very helpful.
6. This is the hotel which where we used to stay OR which we used to stay in.
7. We were unable to discover who the documents had been sent to/ to whom the documents had been sent.
8. I took some great photos which everybody wanted copies of them when we got back.

Exercise 5

1. The train, which was at least 35 minutes late, came to a halt again. OR The train, which came to a halt again, was at least 35 minutes late.
2. They didn’t understand why he was so angry, which was very upsetting.
3. She was a teacher in my school for whom we all had immense respect. OR who we all had immense respect for.
4. By Friday, which was the last day of the tour, we had seen an amazing variety of wildlife.
5. This is the gentleman whose son I was telling you about.
6. A young woman who gave me this packet asked me to hand it in to the police. OR A young woman gave me this packet, which she asked me to hand in to the police.
7. Stephanie asked me if I was resigning, to which I only had one thing to say.
8. That’s the restaurant where Jim finally proposed to me.

Watch Out! what

Sentence 1 is correct.
Sentence 2 should read ‘We listened carefully to everything that the travel agent was saying.’

Listening: on the slow train Page 134

Exercise 2

the cost of the travel

Exercise 3

2. the number of vehicles
3. the gift the government gave him
4. the time the train left
5. the number of passengers on the train
6. the distance (in km) to Khartoum
7. what could be seen through the rotten panelling
8. what he listened to Van Morrison on
9. what broke and caused a delay

Vocabulary: expressive description Page 135

Exercise 1

2. most warmly
3. wails
4. huge, unwieldy
5. a mass of running figures
6. lends a ghostly glow to
7. spent cigarettes flashing from windows like fireflies

Exercise 2

Each of the expressions in the recording is much more vivid than the simple language of 1-7.
1.     ‘milling’ gives a sense of rapid, circular movement
2.   ‘most warmly’ conveys the emotion felt
3.   ‘wails’ attributes human or animal qualities to the inanimate train and also suggests sadness or pain
4.   ‘huge’, ‘unwieldy’ conveys a sense of both bulk and awkwardness
5.    ‘a mass of running figures’ suggests that the people are not individuals but are inseparable from one another
6.   ‘lends a ghostly glow’ conveys the idea of soft light and of the loneliness and mystery of the desert
7.    ‘spent cigarettes flashing from windows like fireflies’ invites a comparison between something inanimate and prosaic and a thing of natural beauty.

Grammar check: linking words Page 137

Exercise 1

1. Firstly/ To begin with/ In the first place
2. However
3. because of
4. on the one hand
5. on the other hand
6. Despite/ In spite of

Exercise 2&3

Listing ideas
Showing consequences
Making contrasts
firstly
first of all
in the first place
to begin with
first and foremost
secondly
thirdly
finally
lastly
last but not least
therefore
as a result
because
because of
so
consequently
in consequence
thus

however
although
even though]though]in spite of
despite
but
on the one hand
on the other hand

Reading: Page 138

Exercise 1

to break a record
to do something no one else has ever done before
to raise money for charity

Exercise 3

1
awkward Text A (line 21) ‘her own thorny personality’. Text B (lines 24-25) Campbell is, to put it mildly a difficult person.’

determined Text A (line 33) ‘Campbell says she got her blind determination from her father…’ (line 53) ‘… I am determined to do it.’

In both texts there are also reference to the distances she walked each day and the suffering she withstood, all of which suggests that she was ‘determined’.

Self-centred Text A (line 27) ‘Unless you’re talking about her, she goes into a shell’; Text B (lines 25-26) ‘Restless, self-absorbed, and …’; (lines 68-70) ‘… seems to have alienated many supporters with her self-involvement and …’

Self-righteous Text B (lines 26-30) ‘… and prone to moralistic pronouncements, she covers her body with the logos of corporate sponsors while castigating the multinational corporations for destroying the earth.; (line 70) ‘… her lecturing manner’.

2
Text A: Because her father was a Royal Marine, the family moved very frequently and Campbell went to fifteen different schools. Her father, who was also very determined, used to take his two daughters on very tough camping trips and reward them for not complaining even if conditions were very harsh. She recently went on holiday with her sister.
Text B: She had a difficult childhood and the family moved very frequently. Her mother found her difficult and Ffyona’s relationship with her father was problematic. She ran away from home several times before starting her walk at the age of 16.

3
Text A: She wanted to find out what to do with her life. (line 5) She needed to give herself a tremendous challenge in order to learn about herself (lines 40-42)
Text B: She had the idea of walking from one end of Britain to the other when she was 16. the dream gradually became an obsession (lines 44-49).

4
Text A: She argued with them. )lines 23-25)
Text B: She is ambivalent about them. (lines 26-30). She says they put pressure on her. (lines 81-82)

5
Text A: No confession, as such.
Text B: That she lied. She let herself be driven for art of her walk across the United States. She was not walking as quickly as she had hoped because she was pregnant.

6
Text A: To get married and have children.
Text B: She doesn’t want to say.

Vocabulary: adverbials expressing Page 139

Exercise 2

actually used when you are telling or asking someone what the real and exact truth if a situation is, as opposed to what people may imagine (often used in conversation)
basically used when giving the most important reason or fact about something, or a simple explanation of something
obviously used to mean that a fact can easily be noticed or understood
apparently based on what you have heard is true, although you are not completely sure about it.
personally used to emphasize that you are only giving your own opinion about something

Exercise 3

1.     obviously
2.   basically
3.   Actually
4.   Frankly
5.    apparently
6.   Personally
7.    Obviously
8.   basically

Exam focus Page 140

1.     as minor/small/limited/insignificant
2.   read
3.   animals
4.   careful
5.    rubbish/litter
6.   camp
7.    international
8.   used
9.   country/area/region
10.    supporting/helping
11.keen
12.     thought
13.     ideas

Unit 11 Review Page 141

Exercise 2

1. which
2. √
3. √
4. him
5. who
6. where
7. was
8. the
9. √
10. that
11. who
12. √
13. own
14. what
15. √
16. was

Exercise 3

1. √
2. basically apparently
3. personally obviously
4. √
5. √


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