joi, 8 ianuarie 2015

CAE GOLD PLUS - COURSEBOOK - UNIT 8


CAE – UNIT 8: WHAT KEEPS US GOING

Listening 1: page 92

Ex. 1 sample answers
2
sociable  able to work independently
has good judgment   reliable
trustworthy  assertive
has common sense  obedient  courteous
3
someone who can work independently and motivate themselves

Ex. 2
2
12+ Self-starters: like to be in control, look for advice not supervision, don’t always follow rules, find new ways of doing things
6-11: moderately independent, manage their own time, need minimal supervision, fit in with accepted methods and procedures
Relatively conformist, open to new ideas
0-5: like supervision and clear rules/guidelines, don’t question things, get on with what they have to do, keep things running smoothly, very reliable


Vocabulary: page 92

Ex. 2
1
1.      e
2.    c
3.    a
4.    b
5.     f
6.    d

Ex. 3
1.      send off for
2.    faced up to
3.    come up against
4.    get on with
5.     cut down on

Use of English 1: page 93

Ex. 2
1.      qualifications
2.    application
3.    specific
4.    vacancy
5.     clarity
6.    recruitment
7.     irrespective
8.    advisable
9.    headings
10.      accuracy

Exam focus: page 94

1.      E
2.    B
3.    A
4.    G
5.     D
6.    F

Use of English 2: page 96

Ex. 3
1.      B
2.    C
3.    A
4.    D
5.     B
6.    A
7.     D
8.    B
9.    C
10.      A
11.  D
12. B

Grammar 1: page 96

Ex. 2
1.      having kids made him realise (that) there was more to life than work
2.    his staff would be happier if they could see their children more
3.    they were/had felt uneasy about it at first, but they soon started to appreciate it
4.    if staff are happy, they work better, are more loyal and less likely to leave the company
5.     the office is/was open longer than before because of flexible working hours

2
1.      sentence 2
2.    sentence 4
3.    sentences 3 and 5
a.     would, could, past
b.    clear
c.     present

Ex. 3
1
1.      I awarded the prize last month for the example Ian’s forward thinking has given to others.
2.    I believe many people want to break out of the long-hours culture.
3.    I accept Ian’s company has benefited from higher productivity and greater flexibility.
4.    Lower staff turnover should help to convince other organisations that this is the way forward.

2
a.     doesn’t/needn’t
b.    should

Watch Out! say and tell
1.      a
2.    a

Ex. 4
1.      told, said
2.    said, told
3.    told, said
4.    said, told

Ex. 5
1.      I was wrong to get angry.
2.    I earned more than ever last year.
3.    I’ve never met him before.
4.    Please think about what you are doing!
5.     I will work harder next week.
6.    I believe that overall performance will improve if we give bonuses to our staff.

Ex. 6 sample answer
She said that she had always wanted to work for herself, but she had never thought it would happen. Then someone asked her to write a story for the local magazine. Because she found it/had found it really easy, she decided to write another one. One thing led/had led to another and now she is writing full time, and she loves it!

Listening 2: page 98

Ex. 2
2
1.      financing
2.    flattered
3.    lifelong ambition
4.    settled into
5.     falling out
6.    announced
7.     letting people down
8.    became anxious

Ex. 3
1.      C
2.    B
3.    A
4.    C
5.     B
6.    D

Grammar 2: page 99

Ex. 1
1.      b
2.    f
3.    d
4.    g
5.     e
6.    c
7.     i
8.    j
9.    a
10.      h
11.  k

Ex. 2
Verb + object + prep + ing
Verb + inf
Verb + prep + ing
congratulate (on)
accuse (of)
thank (for)
offer
refuse
threaten
invite
ask
agree
intend
promise
propose
apologise (for)
Verb + that
Verb + object +  inf
Verb + ing
announce
remark
claim
explain
confirm
suggest
propose
order
advise
remind
command
admit
suggest

Ex. 3
1.      promised  She announced that she would attend the meeting.
2.    expected  He insisted on receiving the invoice before he paid for the goods.
3.    agreed  The manager conformed that he accepted the policy decision.
4.    ordered  She demanded that he arrive on time.
5.     offered  The employees suggested taking a small pay cut.
6.    congratulated  The manager thanked me for changing the work ethic in the office.

Ex. 4
1.      He reminded me to send the email today/that day.
2.    He advised me to resign immediately.
3.    He congratulated me on getting promoted.
4.    He confirmed that he wasn’t going to do the training course the following year.
5.     He complained about the food in the canteen.
6.    He asked Michael to help him write his proposal because he couldn’t do it.
7.     He announced that the managing director would leave the company the following week.
8.    He apologised for being late and explained that there had been a problem with the train.

Writing: page 101

Ex. 1
A.   proposal
B.    report

Ex. 2
1
It includes suggestions and recommendations.
It may use headings or bullet points if appropriate.
It proposes a new idea and tries to persuade the reader of its value.
2
1.      proposal
2.    report

Ex. 4
comments from survey – background information, it’s based on actual research
research from the Internet – suggestions, it provides the basis for the suggestions

Ex. 5
1
1.      dislike
2.    is a particular issue
3.    maintain motivation
4.    claustrophobic
5.     have concerns over

2
‘should’ – it’s used for recommendations

Ex. 6
Noise – the phone has been omitted – mobile phones must be on vibrate

UNIT 8 REVIEW page 103

Ex. 1
1.      be taken into
2.    is no/little/hardly any point (in) (your) attending
3.    admitted (that) his interview had not
4.    The exclusive use of
5.     accused her of leaving
6.    is essential to have a CV
7.     apologised for breaking Brenda’s
8.    wished (that) she had gone to

Ex. 2
1.      work
2.    charge
3.    range
4.    point
5.     loss
6.    limit

Ex. 3
1.      deny
2.    advise
3.    accuse
4.    admit
5.     refuse

6.    agree

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