sâmbătă, 28 noiembrie 2015

OUTCOMES - ADVANCED - UNIT 1

Rezolvarea exercitiilor din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa X intitulat OUTCOMES ADVANCED, Editura Heinle Cengage Learning, Autori Hugh Dellar, Andrew Walkley, Editia 2011

OUTCOMES ADVANCED

UNIT 1: CITIES

Vocabulary – City life

Step 1

  1. vibrant
  2. dangerous
  3. well-run
  4. polluted
  5. affluent
  6. spotless
  7. congested
  8. sprawling
  9. run-down


Step 3

  1. filthy – spotless
  2. deprivedaffluent
  3. dull – vibrant
  4. chaotic – well-run
  5. compactsprawling
  6. safe - dangerous

Listening

Step 3
1.
a. took me by surprise
b. like there’s no tomorrow
c. a bit of a downside
d. Sounds pretty grim
e. have its drawbacks
2.
a. that sort of place
b. more of a music scene
c. wouldn’t consider going back
d. get me wrong
e. were to settle down

Vocabulary – Changes

Step 1

  1. undergone
  2. emerged
  3. overcome
  4. demolished
  5. regenerated
  6. tripled
  7. declined
  8. flourishing

Grammar – Perfect tenses

Step 2

  1. have been – perfect infinitive after may – used with for + a period of time; something which started in the past and is still true now. May always be would refer to the future – not possible here.
  2. have fallen – present perfect simple with a period of time which started in the past and continues now; have dipped – future perfect with by + point in time showing a time limit or deadline for the action or state. Fall would refer to present – not possible with over the last 20 years. Dip would be future simple. This is possible but future perfect more likely with by.
  3. Both possible but past perfect emphasizes change in 1976.
  4. having been – because the process of rebuilding is complete. Being not possible with since.
  5. have contributed – perfect infinitive – refers to an action or state which began in the past and has continued up to the present. Contribute not possible with over the last twenty years.
  6. was – because it is a permanent state; he’d been would suggest he was no longer from Dortmund.

Step 3

  1. continuing state
  2. finished action
  3. finished state
  4. finished action
  5. continuing action
  6. continuing state

Listening

Step 1

The main point is that different people define recovery in different ways. It is important that people’s way of life survives after a disaster as well as rebuilding a city physically.

Step 2

  1. the hurricane = it was devastating
  2. rubble and shelter = they are cleaning rubble and providing shelter
  3. an opportunity = some politicians say this as an opportunity to rebuilt the city
  4. fishing villages and the tsunami = they were largely replaced by hotels and tourism after the tsunami
  5. Chicago = after the fire in the 19th century the city was rebuilt and a lot of people died in the reconstruction

Reading

Step 2

  1. Folklore is defined as stories which are often repeated many times and often gradually change or become more exaggerated with each re-telling.
  2. Urban myths can be analysed structurally or from a literary point of view, culturally or psychologically.
  3. Urban myths are usually about crime, accidents or death.
  4. We create these stories to help us deal with our fear and anxieties about the world.
  5. Popular myths spread quickly because of boredom, or because people want to express their anxieties, get attention, harm others or make small talk/ entertain.

Step 3

  1. offer = give, provide
  2. undergo = experience
  3. voice = express
  4. explores = analyses
  5. spread = disseminate
  6. remains = is still
  7. decode = interpret
  8. emerge = come out of

Step 4

  1. remains meaningful
  2. undergo variations
  3. decode the meanings
  4. explores historical, social and economic contexts
  5. spread stories
  6. emerge from deep rooted fears
  7. offer lessons
  8. voice personal worries

Vocabulary – Binomials

Step 2

  1. give or take, here and there, sick and tired, peace and quiet

Step 3


  1. on and off
  2. by and large
  3. now and then
  4. peace and quiet
  5. long and hard
  6. here and there
  7. sick and tired
  8. give or take

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