sâmbătă, 15 februarie 2014

ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 9


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 9 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001

UNIT 9: Where there’s a will …

Reading Page 104

Exercise 1

Foster, Curie and Branson all share a powerful will to succeed, often against very high odds.
They had an achievement publicly recognised.

Exercise 2

1. (lines 13-17)
2. (line 5)
3. (lines 27-37)
4. (lines 40-45 and 53-56)
5. is not mentioned


Exercise 4

1. F. Para F: there’s a big difference…
    Base text: these differences
2. C. Base text: the motivation comes from some adverse life events in early childhood …
    Para C: this
3. G. Base text: two main types of motivation …
    Para G: These two styles
4. E. Base text: It could be a socialization thing …
    Para E: So that’s the theory.
5. B. Base text: what you need to do to be successful is to focus on the outcome of what you want and how that will affect your life …
    Para B: Apart from adjusting your mental attitude
6. A. Para A: Other ways …
    Base text: Use anything that works, no matter how strange.

Exercise 5

1. Because they experienced adverse circumstances as children.
2. ‘Task motivation’ (the motivation to play well and improve) and ‘achievement motivation’ (motivation to win).
3. H e means that people learn a motivational style through their parents’ reactions to their performance.
4. The ideas are: i) improving your diet, ii) doing more exercise, iii) taking extra training; iv) burning energizing oils; v) analyzing your motives to work out whether or not you really want to do the thing; vi) reading self-help books.

Exercise 7

2. motivate
3. psychological
4. rely
5. unsuccessful
6. powerless
7. failed
8. developments
9. improvement
10. determined
11. energetic
12. Theoretically

Watch out! few

Negative: 1 b  2 a
Positive: 1 a  2 b

Exercise 8

3. psychology n, psychologist n
4. unreliable adj, reliance n, reliably adv, reliability n
5. (un)successfully adv, success n, succeed v, unsuccessful adj
6. powerful(ly) adj(adv)
7. failing n, failure n, failed adj
8. underdeveloped adj, developing adj
9. improved adj/past participle
10. determination n
11. energetically adv, energy n
12. theorise v, theorist/ theoretician n

Vocabulary: expressions with make/ get/ keep/ gain/ resolve Page 107

Exercise 1

1
make
get
keep
a difference
someone feel
…. something
an impression
into trouble
even with…
… someone
a promotion
a resolution
your word

on at someone

2
gain
resolve
control
an advantage
experience
a problem
to leave
your doubts

Exercise 2

1. You made a very good impression on my mother. She thinks you’re great!
2. She gained a lot of useful experience through working for her uncle and now she’d like to start up her own business.
3. They resolved the problem of where to send their son to school by letting him choose.
4. His teacher told him he would get into serious trouble if he continued to hang around with that group of boys.
5. She made me feel terribly guilty when she said how upset she was that I hadn’t been in touch.
6. She was so unhappy in her job that she resolved to leave by the end of the year.
7. I think we can gain a definite advantage over the competition if we launch our new model in January.
8. You can never believe Jim when he promises to do something. He just seems unable to keep his word.
9. I can’t believe that Fiona humiliated me like that. I’ll get even with her if it’s the last thing I do.
10. I wish my boss wouldn’t keep on at me all the time to finish the report. It doesn’t have to be done until the end of the month.
11. He’s managed to keep his resolution to stop smoking for six weeks now.
12. My sister has just got a promotion. Now, she’s head of her department.
13. If he gains control of any more newspapers, he will have a virtual monopoly of the media.
14. Passing her exams has made an amazing difference to her levels of self-confidence!

Grammar plus: emphasis Page 108

Exercise 1

She told him that she was having a ‘Roman toga’ party. He had a costume specially made, but when he arrived he discovered that he was the only one in fancy dress.

Exercise 2

1. what I really like about her
2. what Amanda did was to tell
3. what happened was that he arrived

Exercise 3

1. It places greater emphasis on the information in the last part of the scene.
2. whole sentence = c)    the verb = b)   the thing = a)
3. whole sentence = 3     the verb = 2     the thing = 1

Exercise 4

1. What she did was to learn all the irregular verbs off by heart.
2. What annoys me most is people who are always late.
3. What happened was that he failed all his exams at school and that made him determined to be successful in business.
4. What she did was to go on a management course at the end of last year.
5. What I’d really like to have a new computer.
6. What happened was that she decided finally to ask her boss for promotion, but the company went bust and she lost her job.
7. What I did was to start going swimming first thing in the morning.
8. What happened was that she went and told her boss about how she felt.

Exercise 5

1. What she did was to learn all the irregular verbs off by heart.
2. What annoys me most is people who are always late.
3. What happened was that he failed all his exams at school and that made him determined to be successful in business.
4. What she did was to go on a management course at the end of last year.
5. What I’d really like to have a new computer.
6. What happened was that she decided finally to ask her boss for promotion, but the company went bust and she lost her job.
7. What I did was to start going swimming first thing in the morning.
8. What happened was that she went and told her boss about how she felt.

Exercise 6

What I particularly need to do to improve my English is to read more novels and short stories in English because that would help me to improve both my reading and vocabulary.
I had a slightly strange experience a little while ago. What happened was that I was just thinking of an old friend of mine when he phoned all the way from Australia.
What I value most about my best friend is her tremendous patience and kindness because it’s not always easy to be kind and patience, after all.
What really annoys me is people who get pets for their children because the children are often too young to look after them properly.
My friend Diana really surprised me the other day. What she did was to order a wonderful book for me via the Internet.

Speaking Page 109

Exercise 2

Appearance
Contrast
Qualifier
seems
gives the impression

A good qualifier

Vocabulary: leaisure activities Page 110

Exercise 1

1an oar   an easel   a script   a crash helmet   lyrics

Exercise 2

scuba diving     photography     singing     riding    reading/writing
a wetsuit a piece of clothing, usually made of rubber, that underwater swimmers wear to keep warm
an oar a long pole with a wide flat blade at one end, used for rowing a boat
a snorkel a tube that allows a swimmer to breath air under water
flippers large flat rubber shoes worn to help you swim faster
a mask something that covers all or part of your face, to protect or hide it
a tripod a support with three legs, used for a camera, telescope etc.
a lens the part of a camera through which the light travels before it hits the film
an album a book in which you put photographs, stamps etc
an easel a wooden frame that you put a painting on while you paint it
a darkroom a dark room where film is taken out of a camera and made into a photograph
a choir a group of people who sing together, especially in a church or school
a rehearsal a period or a particular occasion when all the people in a play, concert etc practice it before a public performance
a conductor someone who stands in front of a group of musicians or singers and directs their playing or singing
to sight-read to play or sing written music when you look at it for the first time, without practicing it first
a script the written form of a speech, play, film etc
a bridle a set of leather bands put around a horses head and used to control its movements
a whip a long thin piece of rope or leather with a handle used for making animals move or punishing people
a crash helmet a very strong hat that covers your whole head, worn by racing car drivers, motorcyclists etc.
reins long narrow bands of leather that are fastened around a horse’s head in order to control it.
a saddle a seat made of leather that is put on a horse’s back so that someone can ride it
a chapter one of the parts into which a book is divided
lyrics the words of a song, especially a modern popular song
a blurb a short description giving information about a book, new product etc.
an author someone who writes books
a paperback a book with a stiff paper cover

English in use Page 110

Exercise 2

Children should be able to succeed (or fail) independently of wealthy parents.
It is better to leave money to charity than to one’s children.
Money doesn’t make you happy, but success can.

Exercise 5

entrepreneurs Including – entrepreneurs, including
there – their
welth – wealth
british – British
thought – though
like minded – like-minded
dye – die
succesful – successful
milionaire – millionaire
legacies the – legacies. The
beleive – believe
There – ‘There
goverment – government
peoples – people’s
either’ Sykes – either ‘ Sykes
a link, between – a link between
definitaly - definitely

Grammar check: tenses Page 111

Exercise 1

1. are
2. have lived/ lived
3. broke
4. was walking
5. had taken/ took
6. survived
7. had travelled
8. died
9. walked/ had walked
10. ‘reached
11. had lost
12. had gone
13. had drifted
14. are probably thinking
15. are
16. have conducted

Exercise 2

1. T
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. T
7. T
8. T

Writing: report Page 112

Exercise 3

Linking words and phrases are a problem as links between sentences and paragraphs are not explicitly marked.

Exercise 4

Paragraph 1: Introduction/ Purpose and method
Paragraph 2: Reasons for lack of success/ Contributing factors
Paragraph 3: Ideas for improvement/ Suggestions for change
Paragraph 4: Conclusion/ Recommendations and concluding remarks

Exercise 5

1. T
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. T

Exercise 6

1. consequently
2. both
3. first and foremost
4. both
5. moreover

Exercise 7

Addition
Consequence
Significance
As well as this
in addition to this
furthermore
moreover
So
consequently
clearly
therefore
as a result of this
The main priority is
most importantly
above all
first and foremost

Exercise 8

MOTIVATING STUDENTS TO ACHIEVE A HIGH LEVEL OF ENGLISH

INTRODUCTION: This report is intended to explain why so many students finish secondary school with a low level of English. A number of students and teachers were interviewed and their suggestions for change to the teaching methods are summarized.

REASONS FOR LACK OF SUCCESS: There seem to be a variety of reasons why our school students fail to reach a good level of spoken English. The main problem seems to be the fact that teachers appear to place so much significance on grammar. As a result of this, students appear to know a lot about grammar but can’t actually speak with much confidence. In addition to this, what students complain about most is that lessons are boring with too many grammar exercises and gapfills.

IDEAS FOR IMPROVEMENT: Having said this, what steps can be taken to improve the situation? Above all, what teachers need to do is to place more emphasis on developing listening and speaking ability of students. Furthermore, they need to introduce greater variety into their teaching and use more games, role plays; drama and so on. As well as this, they should use as much authentic material as possible: newspaper, articles, songs, extracts from films etc. (This will also help to increase student motivation.)

CONCLUSION: Clearly, there are serious problems with the way that English is taught in our school at the moment, leading to low motivation on the part of students. We believe that, most importantly, it is the way English teachers are trained that needs to be changed, with more emphasis on preparing students to use English in practical situations rather than approaching it as another academic subject.

Exam focus Page 114

1.     D
2.   A
3.   F
4.   G
5.    H
6.   H
7.    E
8.   D
9.   F
10.    A

Unit 9 Review Page 115

Exercise 1

1. gets an important promotion
2. √
3. √
4. get into trouble
5. √
6. √
7. get some experience
8. √
9. keep his word
10. makes me feel

Exercise 2

1. is
2. happened
3. did
4. that/how/when
5. how
6. was

Exercise 3

1. a darkroom
2. a tripod
3. an album
4. an oar
5. a snorkel
6. a choir
7. conductor
8. a saddle
9. a whip
10. the lyrics

Exercise 4

1. as
2. was
3. by
4. who
5. Although/ Though
6. has
7. with
8. been
9. other
10. what
11. told
12. for
13. the
14. of
15. on


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