miercuri, 26 februarie 2014
ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 10
Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 10 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001
UNIT 10: The trials of technology
Exam focus Page 116
1. D (para D ‘a new breed of agent ready to fight back against the infiltrator’; base text line 16)
2. H (base text line 20-21; para H ‘Sitting among the debris’)
3. B (base text line 28-29; para B ‘It was futile’)
4. F (base text line 35-36; para F ‘But how?’)
5. A (base text line 42-43; para A ‘The agents had informants who cruised the Internet…’ ; para A ‘Datastream Cowboy hung out at Cyberspace, an Internet service provider based in Seattle.’; base text line 45)
6. E (base text line 55; para E ‘Having identified his location…’)
7. C (para C ‘… they saw a teenager hunched in his chair…’ ; base text line 63;)
Vocabulary: computers Page 118
a network a set of computers that are connected to each other and can be used to send information or messages
to download a file to move information or programs from one part of a computer system to another
a (computer) screen the flat glass part of a computer
to delete a file to remove a file from a computer’s memory
to crash a system if a computer crashes or you crash the computer, it suddenly stops working
a computer terminal a piece of computer equipment consisting of at least a keyboard and a screen, that you use for putting in or taking out information from a large computer
a computer hacker someone who secretly uses or changes the information on other people’s computer systems
to be online to be directly connected to or controlled by a computer or telecommunications system
an Internet service provider a company that provides individuals or other companies with access to the Internet
a keyboard the set of keys on a machine such as a computer
POSSIBLE USES OF THE INTERNET
The Internet can be used for displaying and accessing a wide variety of information. It can be used for professional or leisure purposes. There are lots of websites that are related to education and research. There are also enormous numbers of sites devoted to games and chat.
SOUND: There is a huge amount of music on the Internet Groups, individual musicians and record companies have websites where it is possible to listen to songs and see video clips. The Napster and MC3 sites also allow you to download music on to your hard drive. Some musicians, e.g. David Bowie, have released albums ‘online’. Many radio stations have websites and it is possible to listen to broadcasts. Some university linguistics departments have recorded on their sites. The majority of websites have some sound (background music or snippets of speech)
IMAGE: It is possible to see an enormous variety of images on the Internet. There are sites that specialize in images, some of which allow you to send an image to a friend in an e-mail message, to use it as a screensaver or to buy it as a poster. One of these, Webshots, also allows you to publish your photographs on the Internet. Almost all websites include images, though it is also sometimes possible to view a ‘text-only’ version of a site. This takes less time to come up on the screen.
TEXT: You can read the vast majority of the world’s newspapers online and also access enormous quantities of text of all kinds. The novelist Stephen King published a novel which was only available in electronic form as ‘e-books’.
Grammar Plus: it as preparatory subject/object Page 118
1. It is unbelievable how easy it is to hack into government computers.
2. It was futile to try and find out where he was based.
3. It seems likely that as outside person knows the password to our system.
4. It is absolutely vital for us to find out who it was.
5. It doesn’t really matter when you give me back that book.
6. It was announced yesterday that the Prime Minister will resign.
1. His headache made it difficult for him to work.
2. They thought it strange that he hadn’t called.
3. I found it surprising to be asked to be on the committee.
4. He made it impossible for me to continue working there.
5. She considered it a mistake to sign the contract.
1. I cannot bear
it to see people being
cruel to animals (i.e. there should be no ‘it’ after bear)
6. I knew
it that they didn’t really want to come
with me (i.e. there should be no ‘it’ after knew)
Listening: computers Page 119
Bill Gates, the Chairman of Microsoft.
The game is played by two players or two teams: one uses noughts (0) and the other uses crosses (x). Each player or team tries to fill a line of squares with either noughts or crosses. The players or teams take it in turns to put a nought or cross in a square. The first team or player to complete a line of noughts or crosses (including diagonals) wins.
The last two points are not mentioned.
2. a Mother’s Club
3. a printing device
4. a lunch period
5. control it
7. really fast
8. won most
Speaking: Page 120
… I’m not exactly sure but it seems to have a sort of metal bar attached to.
I could be wrong but could that be …?
I can also just about make out a yellow box like thing … and there’s also a white box of some kind, like a big dice …
English in Use Page 121
1. 40 hours +
2. It allows you to escape into a fantasy world in which no one knows who you are.
1. has (auxiliary verb)
2. who (relative pronoun)
3. if (conjunction)
4. to (part of infinitive)
5. the (article)
6. how (conjunction)
7. to (part of infinitive)
8. Anybody/ anyone (pronoun)
9. are/include (verb)
10. being (present participle of the auxiliary verb)
11. from (preposition)
12. of (preposition)
13. Nobody/ No one (pronoun)
14. can (modal verb)
15. that/ which/ and (relative pronoun/ conjugation)
Listening: cyber daating Page 121
Cathy and Andrew are both very disapproving and can hardly believe what Ben tells them. Andrew also seems irritated by the whole idea of the Internet. Ben becomes rather defensive when Andrew and Cathy discover that he plans to meet up with someone he’s met on the Internet. Cathy’s skepticism then changes to concern.
Only 7 and 8 are not expressed.
disbelief: … her husband of fifteen years is leaving her to … wait for it … go and live with a woman in Australia who he met on the Internet eight weeks ago. how can people do something like that … they must be completely nuts.
irritation: I think all this Internet stuff is awful. It’s really sad that people have to resort to meeting each other by computer. Why can’t they just go out and get a life for goodness’ sake.
scepticism: So, you actually have first-hand experience of this, do you Ben? Yeah, right.
concern: Listen, you’ve got to be careful about that kind of thing.
defensiveness: That’s really unfair. You know, Andrew, you can be incredibly narrow minded sometimes! What’s wrong with chatting to people on the Internet? You’d be really surprised. You get to meet people from all over the world.
dismissiveness: What rubbish! It’s very easy to work out if someone is genuine or not.
Grammar check Page 122
Ann and Bill:
Bill: … she says it’s far
much faster OR far much
faster and has a lot more memory than the old one.
Ann: … download things from the Internet more
Ann: Seriously … I think the most interesting and possibly the
less least positive thing.
Clare and David:
David: Well, I must say it’s probably the most difficult thing…
David: We’re thinking of moving to a slightly
flat … it’s not as near the tube as our present one and there are far few
fewer good shops nearby. It’s also
on the noisyest noisiest main
Cats are not as loyal as dogs. Dogs involve a greater time commitment than cats. Cats are cleaner than dogs. It’s easier to train a dog than a cat. Dogs don’t live as long as cats.
It’s easier to learn to ride a bicycle than it is to drive a car. It’s also a lot cheaper because you don’t have to pay for lessons or hold a licence. You’re much more vulnerable on a bicycle than you are in a car. Bicycles are much less damaging to the environment than cars are. There are fewer bicycles on the road than cars.
Violins are much more expensive than guitars. It’s more difficult to learn to make a pleasant sound with a violin than it is with a guitar. You’ve got a better chance of getting into an orchestra if you play the violin, but you’ve got less chance of getting into a rock band.
A TV screen is much smaller than a cinema screen. You are less likely to be irritated by other people around you when watching TV. It’s cheaper to watch TV than it is to go to the cinema (except in
where you have to have a TV licence) Britain
Apples are much better for you. They’re not nearly as fattening and they’re not as bad for your teeth, but they’re nowhere near as delicious as a piece of chocolate cake.
Speaking: Just a minute Page 122
A 3 B 2 D 4
1. the use of computers for learning English
English in Use Page 123
Vocabulary: words from other languages Page 126