vineri, 31 ianuarie 2014

UPSTREAM INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 6


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 6 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa VIII intitulat UPSTREAM INTERMEDIATE – Student’s Book, Editura Express Publishing, Autori Virginia Evans si Jenny Dooley, Editia 2002

UNIT 6: Better Safe than Sorry

Lead-in

Page 84

Exercise 1

Mobile phone (C), credit card (D), ATM (A), laptop computer (B), satellite dish (F), robot (E)

I think a laptop computer is the most useful because it allows you the freedom to do things wherever you are.
I think a robot is the least useful because it is slow and clumsy.
My father uses his mobile phone and his laptop computer every day. I use my mobile phone all the time. My parents use credit cards quite often and they use ATMs quite a lot, too.
I use a microwave oven every day. I also use an answering machine.


Exercise 2

ID cards are used to identify you.
Radars are used to locate ships and planes when we can’t see them.
Security systems are used to protect a building from burglars.
Satellites are used to collect and send information to and from space.
ATMs are used to allow you to make money out of the bank.
Microchips are used to store large amounts of information on circuits.
Computers are used to store and organise information.

Exercise 3 a

I think the article will be about technology and personal privacy. I would expect to read about CCTV, ID cards and satellites watching people from space.

Exercise 3 b

1.     F
2.   G
3.   H
4.   A
5.    C
6.   B

Page  85

Exercise 3 c

Loss of privacy; Cameras everywhere; High tech ID; Easy to find out; Smart Cards; Advantages; Is it worth it?

Exercise 3 d

1.     They are used to discourage street crime and shoplifting.
2.   They will save a lot of time because we will not have to constantly identify ourselves in different ways for different purposes.
3.   We will lose much of our privacy.

Exercise 4

CCTV – discourage crime, watch for people speeding, keep track of people
Finger scanning/ face/ voice and eye/ footstep recognition – used to identify people
GPS – find out exactly where you are, keep track of vehicles ‘smarter’ ID cards – stores all your personal information in one place

Vocabulary Practice

Page 86

Exercise 5 a



Exercise 5 b

I never listened to MP3s, but I rarely cook with a microwave oven. I always withdraw money from an ATM because it’s so convenient.

Exercise 6 a

Student’s own answers

Exercise 6 b

2. An iron is used for ironing clothes.
3. A camcorder is use for videoing events.
4. A kettle is used for boiling water.
5. A microwave oven is used for cooking food.
6. A blender is used for liquidising food.

Exercise 7 a

1.     plug in
2.   send
3.   install
4.   create
5.    turn it on
6.   log off

Exercise 7 b

2.   plug in (≠ unplug)
3.   send (≠ receive)
4.   install (≠ uninstall)
5.    create (≠ delete)
6.   turn it on (≠ turn off)
7.    log off (≠ log on)

Exercise 8

TV – channel; screen
computer – mouse; screen
ATM – money; cash card
mobile phone – keypad; memory

Some countries have over 30 different TV channels.
We may all be watching digital TV soon.

Computer software is quickly outdated.
Sitting in front of a computer screen all day can damage your eyes.

You can take money out of the bank easily with an ATM.
There are lots of transactions you can do at an ATM without having to go into the bank.

Sometimes I can’t get a signal on my mobile phone.
I can store all my friend’s numbers in the memory of my mobile phone.

Page 87

Exercise 9 a

1.     c
2.   e
3.   f
4.   a
5.    b
6.   g
7.    h
8.   d

Exercise 9 b

A For Sale.

Exercise 10 a

1.     sentenced to
2.   speeding
3.   trial
4.   witnesses
5.    judge
6.   proof
7.    stolen
8.   courtroom

Exercise 10 b



Writing
  
Exercise 11



Exercise 12 a

A, B, C, D.

Exercise 12 b



Exercise 12 c



Grammar in use

Page 88

Exercise 13

a.    are requested
b.   was fined
c.    being served
d.   was painted
e.    was committed
f.      be returned
g.    was invented
h.   was started



Exercise 14

2. Were you invited to Bill’s birthday party?
3. Your bill is being prepared now.
4. Has the new CCTV camera been installed yet?
5. … and it has not been updated for months.
6. Our ID cards are being checked by the security guards.

Exercise 15

The first passive sentence is personal and the second passive sentence is impersonal.

Exercise 16



Exercise 17

Credit card numbers were stolen by hackers.
Robot surgeons are being tested in hospitals.
CCTV cameras are going to be installed in the city parks by the police.
  
Exercise 18

1.     is believed
2.   used
3.   have not been released
4.   are said
5.    have broken
6.   (have) stolen
7.    ordered
8.   were caught
9.   was delivered
10.    be picked up
11.were asked
12.     were surprised

Page 89

Exercise 19 a

Lucy likes people who she can talk to.
Lucy likes people who aren’t arrogant.
Lucy likes things which/that are useful.
Lucy likes things which/that she can make something with.
That’s Lucy, whose family you have met.
That’s Lucy, whose bicycle was stolen yesterday.

We use who/that to refer to a person, which/that to refer to a thing and whose to show possession.

Exercise 19 b

Lucy likes people who she can talk to.
Lucy likes things she can make something with.
We can leave out the relative pronoun in these sentences because they are used as the object in their clauses.

Exercise 20


 Exercise 21

1.     who
2.   which/that
3.   whose
4.   who/that
5.    whose
6.   which/that
7.    who/that
8.   who/that
9.   which/that
10.    whose

1.     We can leave out the relative pronoun because it is used as the object of the clause.
     8. We can leave out the relative pronoun because it is used as the object of the clause.

Exercise 22

2.   He has three cars, one of which is a Jaguar.
3.   Louise invited fifty people to the party, most of whom said that they would come.
4.   The police arrested six men, two of whom are suspected of organizing the crime.
5.    Two prisoners escaped, both of whom were later recaptured by the police.

Page 90

Exercise 23

1.     when
2.   where
3.   why
4.   where
5.    when

Exercise 24 a

1.     of
2.   at
3.   for
4.   on
5.    to
6.   about
7.    for
8.   after

1.     insufficient
2.   make fun of sb
3.   known by bad reputation
4.   depend on sth for support
5.    to be the wife/ husband of sb
6.   worried about sth
7.    think sb is sb else
8.   give sb the same name as sb else

Exercise 24 b

1.     of
2.   for
3.   on
4.   on
5.    on
6.   with
7.    about
8.   of
9.   on
10.    in
11.on

Exercise 25

1.     hold on
2.   keep on
3.   kept in
4.   keep off
5.    held back

Exercise 26

1.     steadly
2.   introduction
3.   variety
4.   safety
5.    criminals
6.   prevention
7.    guilty
8.   dangerous
9.   popularity
10.                      disapprove


Page 91

Exercise 27

1.     to
2.   an
3.   whose
4.   make
5.    One
6.   on
7.    for
8.   only
9.   what
10.    that/which
11.much
12.     on
13.     were
14.     then
15.     us

1.     to identify sb
2.   indefinite article
3.   relative pronoun showing possession to begin a clause
4.   make a connection
5.    one day
6.   later on
7.    reach for sth
8.   only to find
9.   = the thing that
10.                      relative pronoun
11.much + comparative form
12.                       go on to do sth
13.                       be + adjective
14.                       since then

Exercise 28

1.     are not expected to finish (the passive)
2.   is being built (the passive)
3.   used to go to (used to + infinitive)
4.   such hot weather that (such + noun + that)
5.    was the only person who (relative pronoun)
6.   has been estimate that (the passive – impersonal)
7.    which was carried out by (relative pronoun and the passive)
8.   said to have known (the passive – personal)

Exercise 29

1.     safe and sound
2.   right and wrong
3.   hit and run
4.   law and order
5.    alive and well
6.   clean and tidy

Exercise 30

1.     make
2.   moon
3.   road
4.   mind

1.     worsen the situation
2.   rarely
3.   travelling
4.   remember

Listening & Speaking Skills

Page 92

Exercise 31

1.     S
2.   M
3.   B
4.   B
5.    S
6.   B
7.    M

Exercise 32 a

·       In picture A there is a young girl sitting in front of a computer with a cup of coffee in her hands. She is probably in an Internet café. She is smiling and looks relaxed and happy.
·       In picture B there is a young man sitting in front of a computer. He is holding his head as if he has a headache and he looks very stressed and upset.

Exercise 32 b



Exercise 33

1.     doors and windows
2.   (valuable) jewellery
3.   light
4.   burglar alarm
5.    neighbours
6.   watch
7.    smoke alarm

Exercise 34



Exercise 35

Speaker 1 E
Speaker 2 F
Speaker 3 A
Speaker 4 D
Speaker 5 B

Exercise 36


Page 93

Exercise 37 a

At a police station.

Exercise 37 b

1.     b
2.   a
3.   e
4.   d
5.    c

Exercise 37 c





Exercise 39 a

1.     Who uses “filler” expressions? Student A.
2.   Who leaves long pauses in the conversation? Student B.

Exercise 39 b

1.     A
2.   A
3.   B
4.   A
5.    B
6.   A
7.    B
8.   A

Exercise 39 C



Exercise 40 a

She wants to send an e-mail, but she can’t do it.

Exercise 40 b

1.     first
2.   Then
3.   Now
4.   Finally

Exercise 40 c




Page 94

The Time Machine

Exercise 41

I expect to read about a time machine and perhaps a time traveller.
I think Wells wrote about this topic because the biography says that he had a rather romantic interest in science.

Exercise 42

1.     e
2.   c
3.   a
4.   f
5.    d
6.   b

Exercise 43

a.    = odd
b.   = incredible
c.    = illuminated
d.   = absolutely
e.    = glittering
f.      = imitated

Exercise 44

5
2
7
1
3
8
6
4

Exercise 45

The first paragraph

Exercise 46

I think people in the room must have felt amazed and surprised because that is how I would have felt. I believe time travel is something that only exists in science fiction and it is not really possible. It is too incredible to be true.

Page 96

Exercise 47

Local newspaper; write an article giving their opinion; Students should not be allowed to have mobile phones at school.

1.     opinion article
2.   newspaper editor
3.   formal style

Exercise 48 a

3
5
1
4
2

additional viewpoint and reason
conclusion and restated opinion
introduction and opinion
opposite viewpoint and example
first viewpoint and reason

Exercise 48 b



Exercise 49

1.     To begin with
2.   In addition
3.   For example
4.   such as

Exercise 50 a

A formal – full forms and no colloquialisms have been used
B informal – contractions and colloquialisms have been used

Paragraph A is suitable because an opinion essay should be written in a formal style without colloquialisms or contracted forms.

Page 97

Exercise 50 b

I am strongly in favour of computer games. In my opinion, they can be educational and help us to learn about technology. They can also help us to develop important skills that will be of benefit to us when we are ready to start work. It is commonly accepted today that computer skills will be essential in the workplace of the future.

Exercise 51 a

a.    2 – agrees
b.   1 – agrees
c.    3 – agrees
d.   3 – disagrees
e.    1 – disagrees
f.      2 – disagrees  

Exercise 51 b
        


Exercise 52

1.     computers
2.   skills
3.   a job
4.   film
5.    sound
6.   game
7.    art
8.   special

A.    a
B.    b
C.    c

Exercise 53

Write an article; monthly new magazine giving your opinion; Schools should provide computers for students to use for all their school subjects.       


 Exercise 54

      


Exercise 55

        

Exercise 56

·       Science has taught us that anything is possible.
·       We rely on machines too much in our lives and when they break down we realise this.
·       As we try to make machines more human we ourselves will become more mechanical in our ways.





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