vineri, 31 ianuarie 2014

UPSTREAM - INTERMEDIATE - UNIT 5


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 5 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa VIII intitulat UPSTREAM INTERMEDIATE – Student’s Book, Editura Express Publishing, Autori Virginia Evans si Jenny Dooley, Editia 2002

UNIT 5: Early to Bed …

Lead-in

Page 70

Exercise 1 a

Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.


Exercise 1 b



 Exercise 1 c



Exercise 2 a

I rarely feel tired.
I never get ill.
I don’t get ill more often than other people.
I sometimes suffer from headaches.
I never suffer from indigestion.
I rarely have any health problems.
I always have a regular sleep pattern.
I always have meals at the same times every day.

Exercise 2 b

A: I’m quite satisfied with my life. I don’t think I would change anything, really. How about you?
B: I’m quite bored with my life at the moment. I think I need to do something new. I think I will learn to play tennis.

Page  71

Exercise 3 a

The man is looking at the clock. I think he feels stressed because he has so much work to do. He looks like he wants to throw his briefcase at the clock.

Exercise 3 b

I think a standard daily routine is important because it helps me to be organised and do everything I need to in my busy day.
The text says that a standard daily routine is important because it keeps our body working in harmony, and this helps to keep us healthy.

Exercise 3 c

1. C
2. D
3. B
4. B
5. C
6. B

2. Tick is used as a verb and means to work or function in this sentence.
3. The text says ‘it controls many things, including our hormones, temperature, immune functions and alertness. It synchronises all these like a conductor with an orchestra.’
4. The text says “Altering our patterns of sleeping and waking dramatically affects our immune system.’
5. The text says “We function best with a regular pattern of sleep and wakefulness that is in tune with our natural environment.”
6. The text says “Nature’s cues are what keep our body clocks ticking rhythmically and everything working in harmony.”

Exercise 3 D

Hypothalamus (Greek), hormones (Greek), psychological (Greek), synchronises (Greek), tempo (Latin), glucose (Greek), evolution (Latin), revolution (Latin), routine (French), fatigue (French), negative (French)

Exercise 4



Vocabulary Practice

Page  72

Exercise 5 a



Exercise 5 b



Exercise 5 c

You could suffer from heat stoke on a very hot day.
You could suffer from a cold if you get wet on a cold day.

Exercise 6 a




Exercise 6 b

If you have a black eye, you should put some ice on it.
If you have a sprained wrist, you should put it in a sling.
If you have travel sickness, you should get some fresh air.
If you have a pulled muscle, you should rest the injured part.
If you have food poisoning, you should drink plenty of fluids.
If you have a sore throat, you should suck on a throat lozenge.
If you have a streaming cold, you should ask the doctor to prescribe some medicine.
If you have a nose bleed, you should pinch your nose.

Exercise 6 c

A: I’ve got a black eye.
B: Really? Why?
A: I was in a fight.
B: You should put some ice on it.

A: I’ve got a sprained wrist.
B: Really? Why?
A: I was playing tennis.
B: You should put it in a sling.  etc.

Exercise 7



Page 73

Exercise 8

a -5   b- 1   c-6   d-3    e-4   f-2   g-7   h-8   i-9

A: Taking an exam is definitely the second most stressful situation. I get really nervous! What about you?
B: Well, not being able to sleep at night is the second most stressful situation for me. I hate tossing and turning all night.
A: And my third most stressful situation has to be waiting in a queue for a long time. You know, I just hate wasting my time.   etc.

Exercise 9 a

I prefer getting together with friends to going shopping.
I’d rather go cycling than go to the gym.
I prefer reading a good book to painting.
I’d rather listen to music than play music.

Exercise 9 b

A: I find visiting an art gallery quite relaxing.
B: Really? I’m not very fond of going to art galleries, but I’m quite keen on strolling through the park.

A: I really love going hiking.
B: Really? I hate hiking, but I enjoy going to the cinema.

Exercise 10 a




Exercise 10 b

A.    disappointed
B.    confused
C.    relaxed

Exercise 11

When I saw my first football match I felt very excited.
When my grandmother was in hospital I felt very worried. etc.

Exercise 12 a

1.     b
2.   c
3.   e
4.   a
5.    j
6.   h
7.    i
8.   d
9.   g
10.    f

Exercise 12 b

·       I think Bill is a perfectionist, because he wants everything to be perfect, and won’t accept anything that is not as good as it could possible be.
·       I wouldn’t say Sarah is arrogant, because she certainly doesn’t think she is better than other people.
·       James is very reliable, because he can always be trusted to do exactly what you want him to do.

Grammar in use

Page 74

Exercise 13

1.     f
2.   a
3.   h
4.   d
5.    c
6.   e
7.    g
8.   b

Obligation: must(1), have to
Prohibition: mustn’t
Suggestion: ought to, shouldn’t
Necessity: need to, must(3)
Lack of necessity: don’t have to
Exercise 14 a

Doctors must study medicine at university.
Nurses have to do shift work.
Doctors don’t have to visit their patients at home.
Nurses ought not to be impatient.
Doctors ought to be kind to patients.
Nurses need to enjoy working with people.
Doctors have to work long hours.
Doctors ought to explain treatments to their patients.

Exercise 14 b
Patients have to listen carefully to their doctor’s advice.
Patients should tell their doctor what medicines they are taking.
Patients don’t have to visit their doctor’s surgery.
Patients mustn’t take any medication without a doctor’s prescription.

Exercise 15

·       You must not enter. You are not allowed to enter. You might find this sign on a door for staff only.
·       You must not eat. Eating is forbidden. Eating is not allowed here. You might find this sign in a library.
·       You must not talk. Talking is forbidden. You are not allowed to talk. You might find this sign in an examination hall.
·       You must not feed the animals. Feeding the animals is forbidden. You are not allowed to feed the animals. You might find this sign at a zoo.

Exercise 16

Athletes have to exercise regularly because they must keep fit.
Everyone should have a first aid kit at home in case of an emergency.
Patients with a heart condition must avoid stress or else they will have a heart attack.

Students have to study very hard or else they will fail.
Athletes have to exercise regularly in case they have to compete.
Everyone should have a first aid kit at home because you never know when they will need it.
Patients with a heart condition must avoid stress because it is harmful to their health.

Writing

Students must arrive at their lesson on time.
Students must not smoke.
Students must do all their homework.
Students must not eat in the classroom.
Students must always be prepared for class.

Exercise 17

1.     request
2.   lack of permission
3.   permission
4.   ability
5.    possibility
6.   lack of ability

Exercise 18

1.     request
2.   lack of ability
3.   lack of permission
4.   possibility
5.    permission

Exercise 19

1.     d
2.   f
3.   b
4.   a
5.    c
6.   e

Page 75

Exercise 20 a

1.     didn’t need to
2.   should have/ ought to have
3.   shouldn’t have/ ought not to have
4.   couldn’t have
5.    needn’t have
6.   should have/ ought to have
7.    needn’t have
8.   shouldn’t have/ ought not to have
9.   ought to have/ should have
10.                      didn’t need to

Exercise 21 a

1. certainty
2. uncertainty
3. certainty

Exercise 22

2. She must be tired.
    She shouldn’t stay up so late at night.
    She must have been studying until late last night.
    She ought to go to bed earlier.
    She could be bored.
3. He must be frustrated.
    He must be at school.
    He could be bored.
    He can’t have finished his homework.
    He ought to study harder.


Exercise 23 a

‘is he’ and ‘didn’t she’ are question tags.

The first question asks for confirmation.
The second sentence asks for information.
We form question tags with the auxiliary or modal verb from the main sentence and the appropriate subject pronoun.

Exercise 23 b

1.     didn’t they
2.   has he
3.   doesn’t she
4.   will you/ won’t you
5.    shall we
6.   won’t he
7.    didn’t you
8.   aren’t we
9.   won’t he
10.    will she

1.     confirmation (falling intonation)
2.   information (rising intonation)
3.   confirmation (falling intonation)
4.   confirmation (falling intonation)
5.    information (rising intonation)
6.   confirmation (falling intonation)
7.    information (rising intonation)
8.   confirmation (falling intonation)
9.   confirmation (falling intonation)
10.                      confirmation (falling intonation)

Exercise 24 a

1.     to
2.   of
3.   on
4.   on
5.    to
6.   on
7.    in
8.   in

1.     exactly the same as sth
2.   feel envious because you do not have sth
3.   say very firmly that sth must be done
4.   interested in/ like
5.    behave in a friendly/ helpful way towards sth

Page 76

Exercise 24 b

1.     at
2.   in
3.   in
4.   of
5.    of
6.   to
7.    for
8.   in, with
9.   in
10. in

Exercise 25

1.     away
2.   off
3.   out
4.   up
5.    back on
6.   down with
7.    after
8.   for
9.   (a)round

Exercise 26

1.     A
2.   D
3.   B
4.   D
5.    B
6.   A
7.    B
8.   A
9.   D
10.    B
11.A
12.     D
13.     D
14.     B
15.     A

Page 77

Exercise 27

1.     and
2.  
3.  
4.   to
5.    for
6.  
7.    on
8.  
9.   it
10.                     
11.too
12.                       the
13.                       they
14.                       The
15.                       piece

Exercise 28

1.     should have told us
2.   didn’t have to go
3.   don’t need to make
4.   made an impression on
5.    are not allowed to leave
6.   give away the secret

Exercise 29

1.     tooth
2.   chest
3.   finger
4.   stomach
5.    bones
6.   mouth

Exercise 30

1.     ice
2.   do
3.   intention
4.   feet
5.    hit

Exercise 31

Speaker 1 C
Speaker 2 D
Speaker 3 B
Speaker 4 E

Exercise 32



Exercise 33

1.     C
2.   A
3.   C
4.   B
5.    A

Exercise 34 a

Jack has had an accident.
Jean is in a hurry.
Bill has a splitting headache.

Exercise 34 b

·       Jean might be on her way to work. She could be stuck in a traffic jam. She may be late for a meeting. She could be talking to her boss on her mobile phone.
·       Bill might have been working very hard. He could have been looking at a computer screen for a long time. he may have been trying to meet a deadline.

Exercise 34 c

Jean: Why don’t you get up earlier?
Bill: If I were you, I would take an aspirin.

Exercise 35 a

You might hear this dialogue in a doctor’s surgery.
The woman sounds worried because she is suffering from stress.
The doctor sounds calm because he is trying to give advice and help the woman.

Exercise 35 b

1.     yes
2.   no
3.   yes
4.   yes
5.    no
6.   no

Exercise 36 a

A: It would be a good idea if you worked fewer hours every day. You could also take a few days off.
B: I can’t do that. I’m too busy.
A: Well, you just can’t carry on like this, or you’ll get really ill. Why don’t you try to set aside some time for yourself every day when you can relax a bit?
B: I suppose I could try that.
A: Good. I hope that everything will work out well for you.

Page 79

Writing



Exercise 37 a

Untidiness 4
Overwork 3
Noise 2
Faulty appliance 1

Exercise 37 b

1.     I’m fed up with this! I can’t put up with this! I’m sick of this! I’ve had all I can take! I don’t know what to do!
2.   I’m fed up with this! I can’t put up with this! I’m sick of this! I’ve had all I can take!
3.   For crying out loud! I don’t believe it! Good grief!
4.   For crying out loud! I can’t put up with this! I’m sick of this! I’ve had all I can take!

Exercise 38 a



Exercise 38 b

Doctors use a stethoscope to listen you your heartbeat.
Pneumonia is a very serious illness.
We can use a thermometer to take our temperature.
Asthma attacks can be caused by an allergy to animal fur or dust.
You should drink lots of fluids when you have diarrhea.
Physical activity helps us to stay healthy.
There are many patients waiting for the doctor.
Don’t forget to take your medicine.
Regular exercises will help to keep your muscles strong.

Exercise 39 a

Tina is speaking to the receptionist at Meadows Surgery.

1.     Can I help you?
2.   Would you like to see Dr Jones instead?
3.   Does that suit you?
4.   Can I take your name, please?
5.    What seems to be the problem?

Exercise 39 b



Exercise 40 a

Betty probably has the flu.

1.     pale
2.   aches
3.   the flu

Exercise 40 b

A: Are you okay, Betty? You look a bit pale.
B: Actually, I feel terrible.
A: Oh, what’s wrong?
B: I’ve got a burning feeling in my chest.
A: Sounds to me like heartburn. If I were you, I would take an antacid tablet.

A: Are you okay, Betty? You look a bit pale.
B: Actually, I feel terrible.
A: Oh, what’s wrong?
B: I can’t stop yawning.
A: Sounds to me like you’re overtired. If I were you, I would get an early night.

Page 80

Naturally Hot

Exercise 41 a

Both of these places are spots of natural beauty. They both have something to do with water.

Exercise 41 c

The two pictures show water. Perhaps this water is warmed naturally by the heat of the Earth.

Exercise 43 a

1.     A
2.   R
3.   A
4.   R
5.    A

Exercise 43 b

Similarity: Both resorts have natural hot springs. Both resorts are used for relaxation as well as therapeutic purposes. Both resorts were originally used by native people long ago.
Difference: Ainsworth Hot Springs is famous for its caves, whereas Rotorua is famous for its geysers and mud pools. Rotorua is an active volcano area, whereas Ainsworth Hot Springs is not.

Exercise 43 c

1.     form: make up
2.   constructed: formed
3.   declined: dropped
4.   varies: changes
5.    humid: damp
6.   relieve: ease
7.    region: area

Exercise 43 d

Text A: Natural Beauty; Natural Heat; Caves of Health, etc.
Text B: Thermal Wonderland; Volcanic Health, etc.

page 82

Exercise 46

school newspaper; write an article; pros and cons of exercising to reduce stress

1.     an article
2.   other students and teachers at your school
3.   No, because we usually write a for and against essay in a formal style.
4.   Positive: your body will become strong and healthy; you can get rid of frustration and anger
     Negative: exercise can be quite painful; exercise may cause more stress

Exercise 47 a

·       List/ add points: First of all; Furthermore ; Furthermore
·       Show contrast: On the other hand
·       Introduce reasons/ example: Therefore; such as; since
·       Introduce a conclusion: In conclusion

Exercise 47 b

Paragraph 1 presents the topic.  
Paragraph 2 gives the arguments for the topic, together with justifications and examples.
Paragraph 3 gives the arguments against the topic, together with justifications and examples.
Paragraph 4 summarises the arguments for and against and gives a balanced opinion.

Exercise 48 a

     


Exercise 48 b

Paragraph 2: The benefits of physical exercise are obvious.
Paragraph 3: On the other hand, if you are out of shape, exercise can be quite painful.
Alternative Paragraph 2: Although exercise may take a lot of time and effort, it will be worth it in the long run.
Alternative Paragraph 3: However, exercising to reduce stress does have its disadvantages.

Exercise 48 c

The writer has started the article with a rhetorical question.
The writer has ended the article with a quotation.
Alternative beginning: If you take time out of your busy schedule to exercise regularly, it will be of benefit to both your physical and mental well-being.
Alternative ending: After all, isn’t it true that anything is good for you, as long as it’s in moderation?

Exercise 49 a

        (2) Women are getting the message that they are judges by their weight.

The paragraph contains the reference words: thin women, lose weight, become thin

Page 83

Exercise 49 b

        Being overweight can seriously affect your physical health.

Exercise 50

        


Exercise 51

        School magazine; write an article; discussing the advantages and disadvantages of fast food



Exercise 52 a

1.     b  - positive
2.   d – negative
3.   c – positive
4.   a - negative

Exercise 52 b

1.     Our body needs a balanced diet; which means that we need some fats, sugars and salt in our diet.
2.   Fast food is not healthy because it doesn’t provide you with enough vitamins and minerals.
3.   Fast food is convenient, since it is available whenever you want it.
4.   Fast food contains large amounts of additives, as it is full of saturated fats and other chemicals.

Exercise 53 a

Main body:
(Para 2): our bodies need a balanced diet – we need fats, sugars and salt in our diet; convenient – it’s available whenever you want it
(Para 3): not healthy – doesn’t provide you with enough vitamins and minerals; large amounts of additives – full of saturated fats and other chemicals
Conclusion:
Fast food will not harm you provided it is eaten in moderation.

Exercise 53 b-e
       



Exercise 54




Exercise 55

·       Good health is the most important thing in life, so it must be guarded carefully.
·       Sleeping well is an important part of good health.
·       Health is more important than wealth.



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