joi, 8 octombrie 2015

UPSTREAM - ADVANCED - UNIT 2



Rezolvarea exercitiilor  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM ADVANCED C1, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Virginia Evans si Lynda Edwards, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM ADVANCED C1

UNIT 2: ESCAPE ARTISTS

LEAD IN – PAGE 27

1.a.
  1. The people are heading into open spaces with no particular aim, escaping from the city confines.
  2. The woman is escaping into the world of TV. This is a very common form of escapism. She is probably escaping from the routine normality of her own life. As she is smiling, she is probably watching something amusing which might make her forget any problems.
  3. The man is escaping into nature, away from the stress of a busy life and people surrounding him. He is climbing, leaving any problems below him, to be at one with nature.
  4. The surfer is escaping into a world of exhilaration, speed, danger and one where the normal controls are missing. He is leaving the restrictions of solid earth and safety and trying to adapt to the rules of a strong natural force, the sea.
  5. This woman is escaping into another world entirely but this time it is one which she creates and visualizes inside her own head. She is losing herself in another place and time where anything can happen and probably leaving behind a mundane and boring life.


2. a.
My ideal night out would begin with dinner at a restaurant, then I would like to go to see a play at the theatre and end up clubbing. If I stay in for the night I usually go on the net for a while and then watch some television. On average, I spend less than 50 pounds a month on entertainment.

2.b.
  1. 17 -35
  2. married couples
  3. 65, watch TV
  4. 92 pounds

2.c.
A: Well, for one thing, I don’t think as many people would name watching television as their number one form of entertainment. I think people go out a lot more in our country than in Britain.
B: Yes, I totally agree. I think that most people prefer to be outside, sitting in parks or cafes or at the beach, than staying at home, but then we’re lucky that we have such good weather that we can do those things.
A: I think most young people would prefer to go clubbing on a Saturday, though, don’t you?
B: Definitely. And I also think that, like Britain, it’s young people who spend the most on entertainment and I think the average will probably be about the same in our country as in Britain.

READING PAGES 28 – 29

  1. a.
Tolkien wrote The Lord of the Rings and the Hobbit. He was a don at Oxford University and his books are now considered to be classics. Lord of the rings has been made into a trilogy of films which have won awards in many different countries. The special effects are stunning and the scenery of New Zealand, where the films were made, is absolutely beautiful. Of course the films cannot do complete justice to the book, which is very detailed and complex, but they are breathtaking to watch and I think Tolkien would have approved!

1. c.
The writer agrees with all the points except that it is an overrated novel.

1.d.
  1. C (II. 5-6)
  2. D (I. 15)
  3. C (I. 23)
  4. B (II. 28-32)
  5. C (II. 43-54)
  6. D (II. 56-67)
  7. B (II. 70-72)

2.
dismay – shocked displeasure
gratifying – pleasing
enduring – lasting
innovations – new developments
ravenous – very hungry
repels – causes dislike in
fragments – small pieces
concepts – ideas

3. a.
2. be willing to read this book, despite the fact that it is very difficult/involved, etc.
3. heavily influenced by the fact that Tolkien was an expert at languages
4. Be careful/cautious about viewing/regarding, etc. the book in this way

LANGUAGE FOCUS PAGES 30-33

  1. a
  1. instructor – going to a fitness centre
  2. lodge – going on a fishing trip
  3. solitude – going on a picnic
  4. rendition – going to a rock concert
  5. cliff-hanger – going to the cinema
  6. trek – going hiking
  7. curator – going to a museum/ gallery
  8. deck – going on a cruise

2. a.
time to relax: have, take
it easy: take
an on-line crossword: do
a soothing bath: have, take
tickets for a match: book, have
an extravagant dinner: have
a party: have
close friends over: have
a table for two: book
a weekend break: book, take

3. a.
  1. racket – tennis (ball)
  2. darkroom – photography (film)
  3. stirrup – horse riding (reins)
  4. big wheel – going to a fairground/amusement park (dodgem cars)
  5. soap opera – watching TV (reality show)
  6. colander – cookery (wooden spoon)

4.
1. raucous, silent, deafening
2. harrowing, agreeable, disconcerting, distressing
3. challenging, grueling, undemanding, daunting
4. freezing, chilly, wintry, mild

5. a.
  1. absolutely
  2. absolutely
  3. totally
  4. really/very
  5. absolutely/really
  6. really/totally
  7. absolutely
  8. really
  9. really/very
  10. really/very

6. a.
  1. e
  2. c
  3. f
  4. d
  5. g
  6. a
  7. h
  8. b

6.b.
  1. fragrant
  2. slow-moving
  3. strict
  4. pristine
  5. fanciful
  6. gnarled
  7. sparkling
  8. extreme

7.a.
  1. c
  2. h
  3. f
  4. i
  5. d
  6. e
  7. g
  8. a
  9. j
  10. b

bring the house down – give a very successful or amusing speech, performance, etc.
read somebody like a book – understand somebody so well that you know what they are going to do, how they are feeling or what they are thinking
face the music – face the consequences of one’s actions
let one’s hair down – relax and enjoy oneself
off the beaten track – away from usual routes and places
on a shoestring budget – with very little money/ at low cost
on the house – (at a restaurant, bar, etc) free
on the edge of one’s seat – very excited
paint the town red – go out and have a good time
read between the lines – understand what something really means even if it is not openly stated

  1. off the beaten track
  2. on a shoestring budget
  3. read between the lines
  4. read her like a book
  5. paint the town red
  6. on the house

8.
  1. at present
  2. at odds with
  3. at times
  4. at last
  5. at a glance
  6. at large
  7. at a standstill
  8. at a loose end
  9. at a loss

    • It was a shame that we couldn’t go to the concert, but at least we got a refund on the tickets.
    • Despite a massive police search, the bank robbers are still at large.
    • At last, I’ve finished my homework.
    • I haven’t got enough money for a holiday at present, but hopefully I’ll be able to go away later in the year.
    • He was at a loss to explain how it happened.
    • At times I wish I didn’t live in such a big city.
    • I am totally at odds with Mark on this issue.
    • It took me two hours to get to work this morning. On George Street traffic was practically at a standstill.
    • When we were given the menu, I could tell at a glance that it was going to be a very expensive meal.
    • She was at a loose end, so she decided to call one of her friends.

9. a.
  1. put up – construct, assemble
  2. put off – postpone
  3. put sb through – cause sb pain
  4. put sb down – criticise
  5. put up with – bear
  6. put aside – save
  7. set sb back – cost sb
  8. set in – continue, develop
  9. put sth back – replace
  10. set off – leave/start

put up matches the picture

9. b.
  1. Dad said that he will put up the new shelves in the kitchen tomorrow.
  2. John wanted to put off cleaning the house because he knew it was going to take hours.
  3. I can’t believe you let him put you through all of that.
  4. Jenny’s very arrogant; she’s always putting people down.
  5. Keith said that he can’t put up with his boring job any longer.
  6. They want to put aside some money so that they can buy a flat.
  7. Tony’s new car must have set him back quite a bit.
  8. It looks like the rain is setting in. We’ll have to go to the beach another day.
  9. She put the kitchen knife back into the drawer.
  10. If we don’t off right away, we’re going to miss the train.

LISTENING & SPEAKING PAGES 34-35

1. b.
  1. UK, Europe
  2. room service
  3. May, September
  4. (a) 20% (discount)
  5. qualified staff
  6. area/room
  7. bunk beds
  8. advance

2. a.
    • The body and brain both need time to recharge.
    • If you keep pushing yourself to the limit you sight of really and objectivity and this will inevitably lead to mental problems.
    • Relaxing helps you to look at problems from a fresh angle.
    • It makes you more alert when you return to concentrating.
    • It is vital for our physical and spiritual well-being.

2.b.
1.      C
2.      D
3.      F
4.      H
5.      B
6.      B
7.      F
8.      D
9.      H
10.  E

1.      on board/ at sea
2.      my finals/ the lap top/uni(versity)
3.      chaos of the kitchen/ the diners/ clatter of the saucepans
4.      the assembly line/ screwing caps on bottles
5.      keep flying/ 30,000 feet above the ground
6.      three or four course meal/chockie mousse
7.      the movies/good film/ romantic comedy/ adventure film
8.      Mozard/ Chopin/ jazzy/ piano recording
9.      ingredients/ preparing the food
10.  power of my own legs/ wind on my face

3.
Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 5

4.
Refer to Tapescript Section – Unit 2, Ex. 5

6.
b. Do you ever miss being at (primary) school?
c. Have you ever wondered what you’ll be doing in ten years?
d. How regularly do you revise the work you’ve done?
e. How often do you watch sport on television?

READING PAGES 36-37

1. a.
  1. Tasmania is an island off the south coast of Australia; greenery, mountains, lakes, forests
  2. To relax in peace and quiet, especially if they have a busy and stressful job, life, etc. To enjoy the scenery and have time on their own to think.
  3. The article will probably focus on the isolated nature of Tasmania and its suitability for hiking.

1. b.
  1. G
  2. F
  3. C
  4. E
  5. D
  6. B
  7. A

3. a.
desolate – deserted
windswept – affected by strong winds
startling – very surprising
chilly – cold
bare – without plants
slippery – smooth and difficult to walk on
blistering – very strong
savage – wild

3.b.
desolate – alpine scrub (landscape)
windswept – alpine scrub (hillside)
startling – emptiness (news)
chilly – lake (afternoon)
bare – granite peaks (feet)
slippery – slide (floor)
blistering – heat (summer day)
savage – highlands (dog)

ENGLISH IN USE PAGES 38-41

1. a.
2. Present Simple because the action is regular.
3. Present Simple because it describes an action generally true after a frequency adverb.
4. Present Simple because the action is one of several in a dramatic sequence describing the plot of a book/film.
5. Present Continuous because it shows a future agreement.
6. Present Simple because it is a future action which is timetabled or scheduled.
7. Present Continuous because it is an irritating habit.
8. Present Continuous because it shows a trend, something which is in the process of changing.
9. Present Perfect because the action has happened recently.
10. Present Perfect because it indicates experience.
11. Present Perfect Continuous because it shows the present result of a continued action before the present.
12. Present Perfect Continuous because it shows an action continuing up to the present time.

1. b.
My daughter is always leaving cupboard doors open! She gets a cup out and never shuts the door. it drives me mad.

1. c.
The traffic is getting worse and worse in my area. There are so many traffic jams that I can never get anywhere on time.

2.
I usually go to bed around 10.30.
Nowadays, I don’t like to walk home late on my own.
I go to the cinema every other week.
I regularly go shopping in Tescos.
At present, I’m working on an assignment for Mr Marshall.
I’m dealing with that problem right now.
I’ve already answered that question.
I’ve been here since 4 o’clock.
How long have you lived in this part of town?
I haven’t seen much of him lately.
I’ve marked 15 essays so far today.
He’s been a teacher for 15 years.
I’ve just posted your results.
I’ve been reading since 5 o’clock.
How long have you been waiting?
I’ve been doing a lot of revision lately.
He’s been studying this for at least two years.
I’ve just looking at that article.

3. a.
2. A survey has revealed that people are spending more time on the Internet than ever before. They are also playing less sport and spending more money on entertainment.
3. Our readers have chosen their favourite holiday destinations. In this issue we visit each one and see what makes it special.
4. A comprehensive study into how the British spend their free time has been completed by academics at Oxford University.
5. Department of Health officials are investigating standards at the Royal Hotel in Glasgow after several complaints from guests.
6. A report looking at delays at Manchester Airport has been released by the consumer group Airport Action. It states that more flights than ever are being delayed and that many passengers find the situation to be ‘unacceptable’.
7. Foreign food has never been more popular with the British public. Not only are we visiting Chinese, Indian and Italian restaurants in greater and greater numbers but we are also using more exotic ingredients when we cook at home.

3. b.
2. a newspaper or magazine
3. a travel magazine
4. a newspaper
5. a local newspaper
6. a newspaper or travel magazine
7. a food/cookery magazine

5.
  1. at
  2. with
  3. which
  4. and
  5. our
  6. are
  7. to/for
  8. from
  9. can/may
  10. through
  11. be
  12. the/this
  13. or
  14. as
  15. to

6. a.
To be underlined: escape from, thrown at, cover with, prepare us for, consisting of, suffer from, sets in, cope with

6. b.
  1. in
  2. for
  3. on
  4. of
  5. of
  6. over
  7. with
  8. to
  9. for
  10. on
  11. in
  12. for
  13. in

6. c.
  1. I have every confidence in you, I’m sure you’ll do a fine job!
  2. He was blamed for losing the contrast because he was rude to the client.
  3. You shouldn’t depend on others to support you! Go and find a job!
  4. The police are not convinced of his innocence.
  5. You were far too critical of Linda’s proposal.
  6. I puzzled over it for a long time, but I never did figure out how it worked.
  7. She pleaded with the guard to let her see her son one last time.
  8. A lot of people seem to be allergic to nuts these days.
  9. The minister was criticised in the press for his comments regarding the unemployed.
  10. His findings were based on a survey.
  11. There’s nothing wrong with taking pride in one’s appearance.
  12. They arrested him at customs for drug smuggling.
  13. You should never have confided in Anna; you know what a gossip she is!

7.
  1. princesses
  2. talking animals inhabit
  3. adolescents
  4. there’s
  5. become
  6. performance
  7. alien
  8. of
  9. boredom
  10. inevitably
  11. whatever the attractions
  12. there
  13. innocence
  14. rainbow of our

8.a.
  1. assistance
  1. preference
  2. deliverance
7. turbulence
10. insistence

8.b.
1. weird
4. deceive
5. conceive
6. relieve
7. retrieve
8. siege

9.
1.      G
2.      D
3.      I
4.      B
5.      F
6.      A

1.      ‘recreational’ – ‘fun’
2.      ‘to construct’ needs an object – a unified theory
3.      ‘prior to these theories’ indicates past – was ‘Absolute’ – the same
4.      ‘how the observer’ indicates – ‘is moving’
5.      ‘one year’ opposes ‘10 years’
6.      ‘Sally and Sam’ indicate plural – are

10.
  1. judgement
  2. entitled
  3. wrongfully
  4. continuous
  5. restrictions
  6. promptly
  7. unchanged
  8. announcement
  9. employees
  10. proposal
  11. suggestions
  12. suitable
  13. exceptional
  14. additional
  15. invitations

WRITING PAGES 42-46

1.
1. chilling, spine-tingling
2. depressing, hilarious, slow-moving, underrated
3. rousing, stirring, haunting
4. though-provoking, spectacular, action-packed
The novel is very compelling. Once you start it, you won’t be able to put it down.
There are no jokes in the script. It is a very bleak and humourless film.
It is a very entertaining and thought-provoking play.
In my opinion it is an excellent book and is very underrated.
Generally, the play was well-received by both audiences and critics.
Rachel Williams gives a very moving performance as the dying woman.
The film is let down by its unimaginative script.
The plot is overcomplicated and confusing.
An absolutely marvellous novel that everyone should read.

3.a.
This is definitely a film worth seeing; not only are the special effects astounding, but there is some powerful acting as well. The main characters are (totally) convincing, and Vivian Farlough (who plays Copeland) is (extremely) natural, due in part to the (extraordinarily) thought-provoking script.
As far as the plot is concerned, I found it riveting, especially when, halfway through the film, the action shifts to North Africa and the storyline becomes even more absorbing.
Another point worth mentioning is that …

3.b.
This is definitely a film to avoid; not only are the special effects laughable, but there is some appalling acting as well. The main characters are (totally) unconvincing, and Vivian Farlough (who plays Copeland) is (extremely) shallow, due in part to the (extraordinarily) contrived script.
As far as the plot is concerned, I found it overcomplicated, especially when, halfway through the film, the action shifts to North Africa and the storyline becomes even more predictable.
Another point worth mentioning is that …

7. a.
  1. which
  2. who
  3. with
  4. What
  5. This
  6. as
  7. also
  8. to


SELF-ASSESSMENT MODULE 1

1. a.
  1. C
  2. B
  3. C
  4. B
  5. D
  6. B
  7. B
  8. D
  9. C
  10. A
  11. A
  12. B
  13. A
  14. D
  15. C

1.b.
  1. to go
  2. wasting
  3. going
  4. being
  5. mentioning

2.
  1. judgement
  2. wrongly/wrongfully
  3. restrictions
  4. changeable
  5. unemployed
  6. additional
  7. invitations
  8. governor
  9. commander
  10. contented
  11. incivility
  12. skepticism
  13. elimination
  14. adventurous
  15. gratifying

3.
  1. C
  2. C
  3. C
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B
  7. C

4.
  1. with/ harnessed to
  2. five years
  3. sixteen
  4. a (big) joke
  5. (absolutely) terrified
  6. serene/ in a trance
  7. (sheet) shock
  8. cure for




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