duminică, 25 octombrie 2015

UPSTREAM - ADVANCED - UNIT 4


Rezolvarea exercitiilor  din manualul de limba engleza intitulat UPSTREAM ADVANCED C1, Student’s Book,  Editura Express Publishing, Autori Virginia Evans si Lynda Edwards, Editia 2003

UPSTREAM ADVANCED C1


UNIT 4 – GROWING CONCERNS

LEAD-IN PAGE 73

2. a.
  1. D
  2. C
  3. E
  4. B
  5. A

READING PAGES 74-75

1.a.
I can see you… Is a phrase that many mothers use with their children, often when they are doing something wrong. In this context we hear it in our heads with that slightly playful but deadly serious tone and it scares us. The use of the first person in the article headings is designed to make this idea of surveillance very personal and frightening, the idea that someone is watching us all the time, monitoring our every movement, like Big Brother of Science Fiction. It seems as if we are being stalked.

1.c.
1. We may mistakenly believe we have these
2. Searching crowds with cameras to find persistent offenders who are on a list
3. controlling traffic/tracking criminals
4. keeping records of everyone to check against
5. tracking people through their mobiles
6. tracking people through their credit cards


1.d.
  1. C
  2. D
  3. E
  4. A
  5. E
  6. D
  7. A
  8. B
  9. D
  10. B
  11. B
  12. D
  13. C
  14. A

2.
Track – follow
Booming – flourishing
Spokesperson – representative
Prohibit – forbid
Indicator – gauge
Precision – accuracy
Invasive – intrusive

3.
Curtains are twitching – As when neighbours watch from their windows
To scan – to read quickly
Near Orwellian surveillance – As in 1984 where each citizen was constantly being watched

LANGUAGE FOCUS – PAGES 76 – 79

1. a.
  1. a
  2. b
  3. h
  4. g
  5. c
  6. d
  7. f
  8. m
  9. i
  10. l
  11. e
  12. j
  13. k

3. a.
  1. court warning
  2. capital punishment
  3. prison term
  4. parole
  5. fine
  6. community service
  7. probation
  8. Revocation of a privilege

4.b.
  1. charities
  2. represented
  3. pressure
  4. committed
  5. leading
  6. vision
  7. potential
  8. authorities
  9. aim
  10. suffered

5
  1. produced
  2. suitable
  3. handle
  4. kept
  5. change
  6. fired
  7. rarity
  8. direction
  9. though
  10. functions

6
  1. break out of prison
  2. make/take a stand on/against sth
  3. make an arrest
  4. pay for one’s crime
  5. make amends for
  6. do one’s bit
  7. take the blame
  8. pay a fine/penalty
  9. pass/break a law
  10. lay down the law
  11. do/serve time in prison
  12. serve sb with a warrant
  13. commit a crime
  14. plead guilty
  15. reach a verdict
  16. give evidence

7.a.
On the fringes – of society
Take the law into – one’s own hands
Kill two birds – with one stone
Throw oneself on – the mercy of the court
Bridge the – generation gap
The law of – the jungle
Rob Peter – to pay Paul
Make a – killing on sth
Charity – begins at home

7.b.
2. had made a killing
3. kill two birds with one stone
4. the law of the jungle
5. on the fringes of society
6. charity begins at home
7. robbing Peter to pay Paul
8. bridge the generation gap
9. threw himself on the mercy of the court
10. take the law into his own hands

8.
  1. guide
  2. discussion
  3. native
  4. power
  5. jail
  6. heavy

10.
2. over
3. in
4. away
5. back
6. out
7. on
8. down

LISTENING & SPEAKING – PAGES 80 – 81

1.b.
1.       several programmes
2.      24, twenty-four
3.      concern(s)
4.      hundreds
5.      cultures
6.      four hours
7.      half a dozen, six, 6
8.     leaflet

2.b
  1. government research
  2. 30mph/thirty mile-an-hour/speed
  3. prison penalties/sentences
  4. inadequate
  5. excessive speeding
  6. existing law
  7. has (been) halved
  8. (made) reasonable/reviewed

3.a.
A. a politician: unemployment, the economy, homelessness, etc.
B. a security officer: shoplifting, robbery, breaking and entering, etc.
C. an army officer: civil unrest
D. a student: jobs, (un)employment, money, housing & almost anything else
E. a journalist: (almost anything)
F. an actor: funding for the arts, any fashionable issue
G. a novelist: should be interested in most social issues
H. a doctor: the state of the health service, government funding, more hospitals, etc.

3.b.
Task 1: 1 D    2 C   3 A   4 B    5 F
Task 2: 6 B   7 C   8 A    9 D   10 H

7.
b. I’ve just heard that I have to rewrite my essay on constitutional law.
c. I had a slight accident last night – I crashed my car.
d. I’m just calling to say that I won’t be able to make it this weekend after all; my uncle died yesterday.
e. My landlord’s threatened to throw me out if I don’t pay him what I owe him by next week.


READING – PAGES 82-83

1. a.
Judgement day is from the Bible and refers to the day when we must all be judged and pay for our sins. The writer uses it here because many people will have to answer for their crimes in court and they will learn the consequences of their actions.

1.b.
Traffic fine, shoplifting, driving uninsured

2.a.
1.       E
2.      G
3.      F
4.      B
5.      A
6.      C


4.
lad – boy
conferred – deliberated
ancient- elderly
tricky – tough
misery – sadness
articulate – eloquent
mandatory – obligatory
baffling – bewildering

5.
  1. it looks serious and threatening
  2. what passes through the court is not just driving offences
  3. the vicious circle of misery, weakness, crime. Conveyor belt suggests the inevitability of it all.
  4. he puts his case well, like an actor who has to convince an audience.
  5. deal with him quickly
  6. fine, upstanding, honest men
  7. the writer wants something more interesting/entertaining.

ENGLISH IN USE – PAGES 84 – 87

1.
  1. Which painting was eventually chosen?
  2. The arrangements will be changed again.
  3. Smoking is known to be dangerous.
  4. This bill must be paid on time.
  5. They didn’t allow him to buy it.
  6. Will they/somebody make them leave?
  7. I don’t like being laughed at.
  8. Don’t let her negative attitude discourage you.
  9. He was made to show them his ID card.
  10.  The report has been thrown away.
  11. Will he be appointed as the new chairman?
  12. People think the man escaped through the window.

2.
  1. with
  2. by
  3. with
  4. by
  5. by
  6. with
  7. by
  8. by
  9. with
  10. with

3.
2. … having the house rewired …
3. … is having his car repaired …
4. … can get him …
5. …I’m having my flat …
6. … she’s had her hair cut …
7. … getting him to change his mind …
8. … have the lawnmower fixed …
9. … get the TV mended …
10. … has had his house burgled …

5.
2. g
3. h
4. c
5. e
6. d
7. b
8. a

6.
1.       E
2.      D
3.      C
4.      I
5.      A
6.      G

7.
  1. ingredients ?
  2. attempts
  3. Italian
  4. ok
  5. ok
  6. recently
  7. ok
  8. led
  9. necessary
  10. electronically

8.
  1. C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
  5. A
  6. C
  7. B
  8. B
  9. D
  10. A
  11. D
  12. C
  13. C
  14. A
  15. B

9.a.
Person noun: -, advisor, suspect, -, friend, volunteer
Verb: accept, advise, suspect, grow, befriend, volunteer
Adjective: acceptable, advisable, suspicious, growing, friendly, voluntary
Abstract noun: acceptance, advice, suspicion, growth, friendship, -

9.b.
Uncommon, inflexible, immovable, unemotional, displeased, improbable, disagreeable, impatient, illegal, unapproachable

9.c.
Readable, presidential, persistent, persuasive, attractive, visual, residential, stationary

10.
  1. operation
  2. (in)valuable
  3. beneficial
  4. development
  5. supportive
  6. willingness
  7. participant
  8. movement
  9. regardless
  10. specifically
  11. elimination
  12. supporters
  13. impartial
  14. persuasion
  15. membership

WRITING – PAGES 88 – 92

2. a.
  1. led to
  2. wide range of
  3. in favour of
  4. members of the public
  5. focused on
  6. all in all
  7. the main issues
  8. unanimously agreed

2.b.
1.       the main issues
2.      wide range of
3.      in favour of
4.      led to
5.      focused on
6.      unanimously agreed
7.      members of the public
8.     all in all

1.       T
2.      F
3.      T
4.      T
5.      T
6.      F
7.      T
8.     T
9.      F
10.  T

3. a.
  1. c
  2. e
  3. b
  4. a
  5. d

4.a.
12-to-15-year-olds
With the exception of very rare instances, there were a relatively small number of crimes committed by children under the age of twelve. In the twelve to fifteen age group, there has been an alarming increase in the number of crimes committed. By far the most serious of these include knife attacks, which have been carried out by offenders as young as thirteen. In terms of statistics, however, the most frequently committed crimes are shoplifting and petty theft. Our organization believes that unless prompt action is taken, we are likely to see a sharp increase in these figures in the near future.

4.b.
16-to-19-year-olds
The crimes which are committed (the) most in this age group are vehicle theft and driving offences. On average, (over/around/at least) three cars are stolen each day by people under 20. In addition, (the) magistrates courts (have to) deal with up to 200 cases of reckless driving and driving without a licence (per day). The majority of these cases involve teenagers. The only way to/that we can prevent such crimes is by severely punishing offenders. The effect of this would be to deter others.

8.a.
  1. Introduction
  2. World Debt
  3. Crime
  4. Environmental Concerns
  5. Benefits


SELF-ASSESSMENT MODULE 2

1.a.
  1. C
  2. A
  3. D
  4. B
  5. A
  6. D
  7. B
  8. C
  9. B
  10. B
  11. A
  12. D
  13. D
  14. B
  15. C

1. b
  1. hadn’t been done
  2. was leaving the bedroom
  3. being given
  4. went out/would take me, etc.
  5. were beaten

2.
  1. its
  2. if
  3. ok
  4. the
  5. ok
  6. year
  7. over
  8. had
  9. though
  10. ok
  11. was
  12. wide
  13. to
  14. were
  15. these
  16. ok

3.
  1. D
  2. G
  3. B
  4. F
  5. A
  6. C

4.
  1. C
  2. B
  3. A
  4. H
  5. E
  6. C
  7. F
  8. D
  9. A
  10. E








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