miercuri, 14 mai 2014

ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 13


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 13 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001

UNIT 13: An interesting business

Listening: market place economics Page 154

Exercise 2

He is trying to solve the problem of extreme poverty by lending money to very poor people so that they don’t have to borrow at high rates of interest from money lenders.

Exercise 3

1. an empty feeling
2. a stool
3. 13/ thirteen
4. repay her loan
5. profit
6. 42/ forty-two
7. poor they are
8. $35 million


Grammar check: passives Page 154

Exercise 1

Because there are so many very similar products on the market nowadays, companies rely more and more on a brand image to attract and keep customers. They often use logos which capture the essence of the identity the company wants to project. The use of images to suggest an identity is not Medieval knights, for example, used symbols on their shields and battle regalia to distinguish themselves from one another.

Exercise 2

Paragraph 1:
are being marketing
will instantly be recognised OR will be instantly recognised
Paragraph 2:
which is generally shortened
that is identifies
Paragraph 3:
have been used
were then passing passed on

Exercise 4

Sentence 1 = use 2
Sentence 2 = use 1
Sentence 3 = use 3

Exercise 5

1.     She is being given an award for bravery. (Present Simple passive)
2.   He was asked lots of questions (by journalists) (Past Simple passive)
3.   She was being shown the new museum of modern art at 9 a.m. this morning.
4.   I have been asked by Mr Jacobs to tell you a little about how the company began.
5.    I hear he is going to be made chairman of the board. (‘going to’ Future passive)
6.   The plane must have been delayed by bad weather. (Modal Perfect passive)

Reading Page 156

Exercise 2

The blond man in the second photograph is the co-founder of the company ‘BayGen’, which makes wind-up radios. He was inspired to invent the radio after watching a programme about AIDS in Africa.

Exercise 3

1. C (lines 2-6)
2. C (lines 25-29)
3. A (lines 34-41)
4. D (lines 60-64)
5. D (lines 81-85)
6. B (lines 90-98)
7. C (lines 8-9 and 11, as well as the fact that the direct quotations are presented without criticism or comment)

Exercise 5

2. descriptive
3. performance
4. depth
5. coverage
6. expense
7. metallic
8. humiliation
9. logically
10. disabilities
11. heroic
12. literature
13. translators

Grammar plus: participle clauses Page 158

Exercise 1

1. The relative pronoun ‘who’ and the auxiliary ‘were’ are omitted.
2. The relative pronoun ‘who’ is omitted and the present simple verb is changed into a present participle.
3. The relative pronoun ‘which’ and the auxiliary ‘was’ are omitted.
4. The relative pronoun ‘who’ and the auxiliary ‘is’ are omitted.

Exercise 2

1. We all noticed his sister standing next to the exit.
2. The students finishing first should get on with their homework.
3. Not all the people asked to come actually turned up.
4. The piece of wood keeping the window open has disappeared.
5. There’s the Indian tiger sleeping as always.
6. You should apply for the job paying the most.

Exercise 3

a). because > as since
b). so > Therefore, As a result, Consequently
     In consequence (These alternatives would all be used at the beginning of a separate sentence.)
c) Once> When, As soon as

Exercise 4

1.     Being so late, we decided to catch a taxi.
2.   Having received a large salary rise earlier this year, Sarah is thinking of getting a new car.
3.   Having more time, I’m going to start going swimming again.
4.   Rushing out of his office, he shouted to his PA that he’d be back soon OR Shouting to his PA that he’s be back soon, he rushed out of the office.
5.    Enjoying a long Sunday morning lie-in, I was not pleased to hear a loud banging on the front door.
6.   Their children having all left home, they are thinking of moving somewhere smaller.
7.    Having shown them what the problem was, he expected some thanks.
8.   Being under so much pressure at the moment, shouldn’t you get someone to help you?

Exam focus Page 160

1. to
2. this
3. that
4. about
5. for
6. unlike
7. of
8. a
9. the
10. be
11. so
12. do
13. against
14. such
15. be

Vocabulary: language of business Page 160

Exercise 1

a). turnover > Number 2
f). to go bankrupt > Number 3
b). get the sack > Number 4
d). be laid off > Number 5
c). to take maternity leave > Number 6
g). to work flexitime > Number 7
e). to take early retirement > Number 8

Exercise 2

1. maternity leave
2. gone bankrupt
3. taking early retirement
4. laid off
5. shareholders
6. got the sack
7. flexitime
8. turnover

English in Use Page 162

Exercise 2

Pros:
friendship with colleagues and opportunities to flirt with them;
having an office phone to use for long-distance telephone calls to friends abroad;
‘free’ stationary and ‘free time’ to play computer games

Cons:
stressful atmosphere;
pressure to meet deadlines;
poor salaries and career prospects;
rigid working hours, boring tasks and lack of job security, old-fashioned equipment, poor lightning and uncomfortable chairs.

Exercise 3

1. D
2. A
3. C
4. D
5. A
6. B
7. D
8. B
9. A
10. D
11. C
12. C
13. D
14. A
15. C

Writing: job application Page 162

Exercise 2

1. in
2. for
3. from
4. of
5. in
6. about
7. of
8. with
9. to
10. at
11. to
12. to

Exercise 3

‘I am writing …’
‘… in reply to your advertisement in the … of …’
‘… from my enclosed CV…’
‘… have some experience of …’
‘I feel very enthusiastic about the possibility of working with…’
‘… I am available to attend an interview at any time which might be convenient.’
‘Please don’t hesitate to contact me at the above address if  you need any further information.’
‘I look forward to hearing from you.’

Exercise 5

POSSIBLE KEY WORDS

on our farm    join in    various activities    fruit picking
working with animals    looking after the children
chance to improve your English
accommodation and food provided
small weekly allowance

Vocabulary: phrasal verbs with up/down Page 164

Exercise 1

2 = meaning b
3 = meaning e
4 = meaning a
5 = meaning c

Exercise 2

1. up
2. down
3. up
4. down
5. up
6. up
7. up
8. down
9. up
10. down

Unit 13 Review Page 165

Exercise 1

1. I’d like to freshen up before we eat.
2. This place needs to be livened up.
3. We’ve narrowed down the number of possible candidates for the job to five. OR We’ve narrowed the number of possible candidates for the job down to five.
4. They settled down to watch the film.
5. The number of reports I have to write before the end of the month is mounting up.
6. I was sure some kind of animals was creeping up on me.
7. We are going to fix up the spare room so that … OR We are going to fix the spare room up so that …
8. He was furious because he was sure the orange juice had been watered down.


Exercise 2

1.     competitive
2.   inefficient
3.   manufacturing
4.   viability
5.    economist
6.   productive
7.    monopolies

Exercise 3

1.    
2.  
3.   there – their
4.   12, months – 12 months (no comma)
5.    university-degree – university degree (no hyphen)
6.   possibilitys – possibilities
7.    skills) – skills (no braket)
8.  
9.   extremly – extremely
10.    Company – company (lower-case ‘c’)
11.
12.     more, than – more than (no comma)
13.     british – British (capital ‘B’)
14.     headquaters – headquarters
15.    

16. lives’ – lives (no apostrophe)

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