duminică, 4 mai 2014

ADVANCED GOLD - UNIT 12


Rezolvarea exercitiilor de la UNIT 12 din manualul de limba engleza pentru clasa XI intitulat ADVANCED GOLD, Editura Longman, Autori Sally Burgess si Richard Acklam, Editia 2001

UNIT 12: Mind over matter

Reading Page 142

Exercise 3

1. F: ‘these odd mistakes’ (Para F)  ‘certain strange problems’ (line 3), plus examples in rest of paragraph ‘… when diabetes developed’ (Para F); ‘Well aware that it could affect his eyes …’ (line 12)
2. H: ‘… came to me.’ (line 17); ‘It was obvious within a few seconds of meeting him…’ (Para H), ‘I couldn’t think why he had been referred to our clinic.’ Para H), ‘And yet there was something a bit odd.’ (line 18)
3. A: ‘his eyes’ (line 21); ‘These, instead of looking at me …’ (Para A)
4. G: ‘… they make a sort of symphony, do they not?’ (Para G); ‘What a lovely man I thought’ (line 27)
5. E: ‘… the first bizarre experience occurred.’ (lines 34-35), ‘I had taken off his left shoe … left him to put on the shoe himself.’ (Para E); ‘To my surprise, a minute later, he had not done this’; ‘Can I help?’ (Para C)
6. C “Did he mis-see?’ (LINE 45), ‘My eyes…’ (Para C)
7. B: ‘I opened out a copy of the National Geographic Magazine, and asked him to describe some pictures in it.’ (lines 51-53); ‘I showed him the cover, …’ (Para B), ‘… had driven him to imagine the river and terrace.’ (Para B), ‘I must have looked aghast, but he seemed to think he had done rather well.’ (lines 54-55)


Vocabulary: expressions with take Page 144

Exercise 1

1. i
2. e
3. d
4. h
5. a
6. k
7. c
8. f
9. l
10.b

Exercise 2

2. understand
3. start to like
4. start to employ
5. not allow something to annoy you
6. accept (people) as they are
7. treat someone unfairly
8. accept that someone will always be there
9. being amazed
10. decide to do something
11. make someone feel very tired
12. do something about

Exercise 3

1.     upon
2.   up
3.   out
4.   to
5.    granted
6.   breath
7.    advantage
8.   stride
9.   on
10.    be
11.way
12.     in

Listening: song Page 145

Exercise 1

Someone with a serious case of amnesia

Exercise 3

1. papers
2. way
3. gone
4. stomach
5. bed
6. decoder
7. make
8. fear
9. staring
10. nothing

Grammar plus: emphasis with inversion Page 145

Exercise 1

The a) sentences give more emphasis to the adverbials (Not only … and Seldom), and thus have a more dramatic impact on the reader.

Exercise 2

There is an auxiliary verb (did and have) before the subject (Dr. P and I) in each of the sentences.

Exercise 3

1. witness, providing an account of an armed hold-up to police or reporters
2. politician, making a speech during an election campaign
3. accountant, talking to junior members of accounts department staff
4. university lecturer, giving an inaugural lecture to students, parents and staff at the beginning of the academic year

Exercise 4

1.     No sooner had I turned the corner, than I saw these three men in balaclavas.
2.   rarely has this country been in such need of strong leadership.
3.   Under no circumstances can we be late with the figures for next year.
4.   At no time in recent history have we seen such rapid technological change.

Exercise 5

1.     Not only did he miss the meeting, but he failed to finish the report on time.
2.   Rarely have I met such an interesting individual.
3.   At no time did I ever believe that Ms Stevens took. Had taken the money.
4.   Hardly had I left the room when I heard someone calling my name.
5.    Only after signing/ she had signed the agreement did she realise what a terrible mistake she had made.
6.   No sooner had the judge entered the courtroom than the defendant started shouting.
7.    Scarcely had we got on the plane when the flight attendants asked us to go back to the departure lounge.
8.   Under no circumstances were we allowed to enter the building without an identity pass.

Exercise 6

1.     In a pub, two friends.
2.   In a hall, a politician speaking to an audience.

Exercise 7

There is a lot of inversion for emphasis in the second extract, a politician speech.

Exercise 8

No sooner had they got into power than they began dismantling the framework of our national health service
At no time in living memory have we had such poor provision for our elderly
Under no circumstances can we allow this government to be elected.
Never have I heard such a lame excuse.

Watch Out!

1. No sooner … than
2. Hardly … when

Grammar check: questions Page 148

Exercise 1

No. She feels that she has been tricked into getting on the plane.

Exercise 2

2. How had her fear of flying affected her?
3. What had she decided to do to solve the problem?
4. What did the cabin crew have to do?
5. Where were they taken in the coaches?
6. Why did she think ‘they’ had won?

Exercise 3

1.    
2.   Who did give gave you permission to leave school early?
3.  
4.   About What is that book you’re reading about?
5.   
6.  
7.    Will you please tell me where you did go went last night?

Exercise 4

1.     How long have you lived here?
2.   What are you doing next Friday evening?
3.   Who is your best friend going out with?
4.   Where did you learn to speak such good English?

Listening  Page 149

Exercise 1

1. 1980s
2. headphones
3. armchair
4. ping-pong balls
5. image library
6. 3
7. pick out
8. 10
9. 128
10. 39 million

Exercise 2

1.     A subject is isolated in a small room with halves of ping pong balls covering her/his eyes. Once the person is in a relaxed state, an image generated by computer is ‘beamed’ to the subject by another person outside the room. The computer then shows the subject four images including the one that was ‘beamed’ and the subject has to say which one is it.
2.   The success rate is twice as high as was expected and the chance of this happening by chance are one in 39 million. This is a much greater level of significance than in most scientific experiments.

Vocabulary: sound and light Page 149

Exercise 1

1. hiss   crash  hum   screech  bang  roar   thud 
2. flash   flicker   sparkle  beam   twinkle  glow
Exercise 2

1. roar
2. crash
3. hum
4. screech
5. bang
6. hiss
7. thud

Exercise 3

Illustration 1: flicker
Illustration 2: beam
Illustration 3: twinkle
Illustration 4: sparkle
Illustration 5: glow
Illustration 6: flash

Exercise 4

hiss: people reacting to the villain in a pantomime or silent film
flash: someone shipwrecked on a desert island trying to attract attention with a mirror
flicker: the visible evidence of an emotion (embarrassment, anger, recognition, etc.) in someone’s eyes
crash: a building being demolished
hum: the sound of the audience talking quietly among themselves before a performance begins
screech: the sound of someone’s fingernails on a blackboard
sparkle: bubbles in a glass of champagne
bang: a tyre exploding
roar: a swollen river rushing towards the sea
beam: a lighthouse in the fog
thud: someone falling to the floor in a faint
twinkle: the visible evidence of amusement or happiness in someone’s eyes
glow: a fluorescent frisbee in the dark

Exercise 5

1.     beam
2.   flash
3.   flickered
4.   roared
5.    glowed
6.   crash
7.    screech
8.   humming
9.   thud
10.    sparkled
11.bang
12.     hissing
13.     twinkled

Writing: article Page 150

Exercise 2

What the mind can do: the biggest unsolved mystery
Can we read another’s minds?
Does ‘mind over matter’ matter to scientists?
Extraordinary claims and some extraordinary evidence.
Improbable truths.

Exercise 3

1. No, but students have presumably added one in Exercise 2.
2. Yes. It establishes an atmosphere of mystery and raises questions (Where is this ‘small room at Edinburgh University’? What is the ‘haze of pink light’? Who is ‘sending you a psychic message? What is going on?)
3. Yes (lines 23-24)
4. Yes (Opening paragraph)
5. Yes. ‘What’ … for emphasis. ‘For the past 10 years what they have been attempting to do is …’ (lines 11-12)
    Inversion for emphasis: ‘… under no circumstances do orthodox scientists appear…’ (line 22)
6. Yes: (Statistics in para 3)
7. Yes: ‘haze of pink light’, ‘gentle hissing’ (Para 1); ‘devised a range of rigorous tests’, ‘startling results’ (Para 3); ‘fluke, error, even fraud … is more plausible (Para 4); ‘… neatly summed up’ (Para 5)
8. Yes (Statistics in Para 3)
9. Yes (Para 4 lines 27-29; Para 5 lines 32-34)
10. Yes

English in Use: Page 152

Exercise 1

Hypnotism is sometimes used in the treatment of psychological problems such as phobias. It is also used to help people give up smoking and to break other patterns of behaviour that are seen as detrimental, and has even been employed as a substitute for chemical anesthetics in dentistry, surgery and childbirth.

Exercise 2

He seems positive about it.

Exercise 3

1. subconscious (adj)
2. complaints (noun)
3. anxiety (noun)
4. stress (noun)
5. impressive (adj)
6. injection (noun)
7. understandable (adj)
8. intention (noun)

Unit 12 Review Page 153

Exercise 1

1. B
2. D
3. B
4. A
5. D
6. B
7. A
8. A
9. D
10. C
11. A
12. C
13. B
14. C
15. D

Exercise 2

1. Not only did Simon break a bone in his foot but he also dislocated his shoulder.
2. No sooner had he walked through the front door than the phone rang.
3. Only after I had shouted/ after shouting at Jerry for not waking me up did I remember it was the weekend.
4. Never before have I been so attracted to someone.
5. Hardly had we moved into our new house when the central heating stopped working.

Exercise 3

1.     If we don’t take on more people.
2.   It really took my breath away to hear that she had been fired.
3.   We really took to Gail from the beginning.
4.   Looking after my mother after her stroke has really taken it out of me.
5.    You should take this matter up with the council.




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